Journal of Phase Equilibria

, Volume 8, Issue 2, pp 109–112 | Cite as

The Cr−Ru (chromium-ruthenium) system

  • M. Venkatraman
  • J. P. Neumann


Phase Diagram Equi Diagram Alloy Phase Diagram Crys Structure Data Program Category Editor 


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Cited References

  1. 55Rau: E. Raub and W. Mahler, “The Alloys of Chromium with Platinum, Iridium, Rhodium and Ruthenium,”Z. Metallkd., 46, 210–215 (1955) in German. (Equi Diagram, Crys Structure; Experimental)Google Scholar
  2. 56Gre: P. Greenfield and P.A. Beck, “Intermediate Phases in Binary Systems of Certain Transition Elements,”Trans. AIME, 206, 265–276 (1956). (Equi Diagram, Crys Structure; Experimental)Google Scholar
  3. 57Wat: R.M. Waterstrat and J.S. Kasper, “X-Ray Diffraction Study of the Sigma Phase in the Systems Re−Cr, Ru−Cr, and Os−Cr,”Trans. AIME, 209 872–873 (1957). (Equi Diagram, Crys Structure; Experimental)Google Scholar
  4. 58Nev: M.V. Nevitt, “Atomic Size Effects in Cr3O-type Structure,”Trans. Metall. Soc. AIME, 212, 350–355 (1958). (Crys Structure; Theory)Google Scholar
  5. Indicates key paper61Sav: E.M. Savitskii, V.F. Terekhova, and N.A. Birun, “Equilibrium Diagram of the Chromium-Ruthenium System,”Russ. J. Inorg. Chem., 6(8), 1002–1003 (1961). (Equi Diagram, Crys Structure; Experimental; Indicates presence of a phase diagram)Google Scholar
  6. 62Mat: B.T. Matthias, T.H. Geballe, V.B. Compton, E. Corenzwit, and G.W. Hull, Jr., “Superconductivity of Chromium Alloys,”Phys. Rev., 128(2), 588–590 (1962). (Equi Diagram, Magnetism; Experimental)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  7. 64Boo: J.G. Booth, “Magnetic Susceptibilities of B.C.C. Cr−Rh, Cr−Ru, Cr−Re, and Cr−Os Alloys,”Phys. Status Solidi, 7, K157-K160 (1964). (Magnetism; Experimental)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Indicates key paper64Shu: A.K. Shurin and G.P. Dmitrieva, “Phase Diagram of the System Chromium-Ruthenium,”Sb. Nauchn. Rab. Inst. Metallofiz. Akad. Nauk Ukr. SSR, (18), 170–174 (1964) in Russian. (Equi Diagram; Experimental; Indicates presence of a phase diagram)Google Scholar
  9. 66Alt: L.M. Alte de Veiga, “The Ordering of the σ-Phase Cr2Ru,”Port. Phys., 4(3), 205–214, (1966). (Crys Structure; Experimental)Google Scholar
  10. 67Kau: L. Kaufman, “The Lattice Stability of the Transition Metals,”Phase Stability in Metals and Alloys, P.S. Rudman, J. Stringer, and R.I. Jaffee, Ed., McGraw-Hill, New York, 125–150 (1967). (Thermo; Theory; Indicates presence of a phase diagram)Google Scholar
  11. 68Kus: A. Kussmann, K. Müller, and E. Raub, “Thermomagnetic Measurements on Alloys of the Platinum Metals with Chromium,”Z. Metallkd. 59, 859–863 (1968) in German. (Magnetism; Experimental)Google Scholar
  12. 70Ara: S. Arajs, T.F. De Young, and E.E., Anderson, “Antiferromagnetism and Electrical Resistivity of Chromium Alloys Containing Ruthenium and Osmium,”J. Appl. Phys., 41, 1426–1428 (1970). (Magnetism; Experimental)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  13. 70Kau: L. Kaufman and H. Bernstein, “Computer Calculation of Phase Diagrams,” Academic Press, New York, 33–68 (1970). (Thermo; Theory)Google Scholar
  14. 73Ara: S. Arajs, K.V. Rao, H.U. Astrom, and T.F. De Young, “Determination of Nèel Temperatures of Binary Chromium Alloys from Electrical Resistivity Data,”Phys. Scr., 8, 109–112 (1973). (Magnetism; Experimental)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  15. 73You: T.F. De Young, S. Arajs, and E.E., Anderson, “Electrical Resistivity of Chromium-Ruthenium Alloys,”J. Less-Common Met., 32, 165–169 (1973). (Magnetism; Experimental)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Indicates key paper79Wop: W. Wopersnow and Ch.J. Raub, “The Alloys of Ruthenium with Palladium and Chromium and Some Other Transition Metals,”Metall (Berlin),33(12), 1261–1265 (1979) in German. (Equi Diagram, Crys Structure; Experimental; Indicates presence of a phase diagram)Google Scholar
  17. 80Alt: L.M. Alte da Veiga, M.M.R.R. Costa, M.J.M. De Almeida, L.R. Andrade, and A. Matos Beja, “The Ordering of the σ-Phases Cr2Ru and Cr2Os,”Acta. Crystallogr. B, 36, 1750–1757 (1980). (Crys Structure; Experimental)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 80But: A.K. Butylenko and V.V. Nevdacha, “Triple Points in the Phase Diagrams of Magnetic Transformations in Systems of Chromium withd-Transition Elements,”Dop. Akad. Nauk Ukr. RSR. Ser. A, (5), 66–69 (1980) in Ukrainian. (Magnetism; Experimental)Google Scholar
  19. Indicates key paper81Wat: R.M. Waterstrat, “Analysis of Selected Alloys in the Systems Cr−Pd, Cr−Ru, V−Pd, and Ta−Pt,”J. Less-Common Met., 80, P31-P36 (1981). (Equi Diagram; Experimental; Indicates presence of a phase diagram)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 82Boe: F.R. de Boer, R. Boom, and A.R. Miedema, “Enthalpies of Formation of Liquid and Solid Binary Alloys Based on 3d Metals, II. Alloys of Chromium and Manganese,”Physica, B, 113, 18–41 (1982). (Thermo; Theory)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 82Kin: H.W. King, “Atomic Size Parameters for the Elements,”Bull. Alloy Phase Diagrams, 2(4), 527–528 (1982). (Crys Structure; Compilation)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© ASM International 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Venkatraman
    • 1
  • J. P. Neumann
    • 1
  1. 1.Materials Dept.University of Wisconsin-MilwaukeeMilwaukee

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