Advertisement

The Botanical Review

, 22:553 | Cite as

Reproduction in the bangiophycidae

  • Kathleen M. Drew
Article

Keywords

Botanical Review Sexual Reproduction Spore Formation Female Gamete Female Cell 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Literature Cited

  1. Baardseth, E. 1941. The marine algae of Tristan da Cunha. Results of the Norwegian scientific expedition to Tristan da Cunha, 1937–38, No. 9.Google Scholar
  2. Batters, E. A. L. 1892. OnConchocelis, a new genus of perforating algae. Phycol. Mem.1: 25.Google Scholar
  3. ——. 1900. New or critical British marine algae. Jour. Bot. [London]38: 373.Google Scholar
  4. Berthold, G. 1881. Zur Kenntnis der Siphoneen und Bangiaceen. Mitt. Zool. Sta. Neapel.2: 72.Google Scholar
  5. ——. 1882. Die Bangiaceen des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeresabschnitte. Fauna u. Flora Golfes v. Neapel.8: 1.Google Scholar
  6. Børgesen, F. 1915–20. The marine algae of the Danish West Indies. Vol. 2.-Rhodophyceae.Google Scholar
  7. ——. 1927. Marine algae from the Canary Islands. 3. Rhodophyceae. Pt. 1. Konig. Dansk. Vid. Selst. Biol. Medd.6: 6.Google Scholar
  8. Bornet, E. 1892. Les algues de P. K. A. Schousboe. Mém. Soc. Sci. Nat. Cherbourg28: 165.Google Scholar
  9. Bourrelly, P. 1954.Cyanodcrma, algue des poils des Paresseux. Rev. Algol., n.s.1: 128.Google Scholar
  10. Brühl, P., andBiswas, K. 1923. Commentationes algologicae. III. On a species ofCompsopogon growing in Bengal. Jour. Dept. Sci. [Calcutta]5: 1.Google Scholar
  11. —— and —— 1927. Commentationes algologicae. IV.Compsopogon lividus (Hooker) De Toni. Jour. Dept. Sci. [Calcutta]8: 1.Google Scholar
  12. Chemin, E. 1937. Le développement des spores chez les Rhodophycées. Rev. Gen. Bot.49: 205.Google Scholar
  13. Cohn, F. 1867. Beiträge zur Physiologie der Phycochromaceen und Florideen. Arch. Mikr. Anat.3: 32.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Dangeard, P. 1927. Recherches sur lesBangia et lesPorphyra. Botaniste18: 183.Google Scholar
  15. --. 1931. Sur le développement des spores chez quelquesPorphyra. Trav. Cryptogam. déd. à L. Mangin. 85.Google Scholar
  16. ——. 1932–33. Sur quelquesErythrotrichia etErythrocladia de Banyuls et du Croisic. Botaniste24: 143.Google Scholar
  17. --. 1933.Traité d’Algologie.Google Scholar
  18. ——. 1949. Algues marines de la côte occidentale du Maroc Botaniste34: 89.Google Scholar
  19. --. 1954. Contribution à la connaissance du cycle évolutif des Bangiacées. Rapports et Communications parvenus avant le Congrès à la Section 17 (p. 76). VIII Congr. Int. Bot., Paris. 1954.Google Scholar
  20. Darbishire, O. V. UeberBangia pumila Aresch., eine endemische Alge der östlichen Ostsee. Wiss. Meeresunters., Kiel. n.f.3: 25.Google Scholar
  21. Derbès, A., andSolier, A. J. J. 1856. Mémoire sur quelques points de la physiologie des algues. Comp. Rend. Acad. Sci. [Paris] Suppl. T.1: 1.Google Scholar
  22. Drew, K. M. 1949.Conchocelis-phase in the Life-History ofPorphyra umbilicalis (L.) Kütz. Nature [London]164: 748.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. ——. 1952. Studies in the Bangioideae. I. Observations onBangia fuscopurpurea (Dillw.) Lyngb. in culture. Phytomorph.2: 38.Google Scholar
  24. ——. 1954a. Studies in the Bangioideae. III. The life-history ofPorphyra umbilicalis (L.) Kütz. var.laciniata (Lightf.) J. Ag. A. TheConchocelis-phase in culture. Ann. Bot. [London] n.s.18: 183.Google Scholar
  25. ——. 1954b. Life-History ofPorphyra. Nature [London]173: 1243.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. --. 1954c. Life-histories in the algae. Rapports et communications parvenus avant le congrès à la section 17 (p. 50). VIII Congr. Int. Bot., Paris. 1954.Google Scholar
  27. ——. 1955. Life-histories in the algae. Biol. Rev.30: 343.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. —— andRichards, K. S. 1953. Studies in the Bangioideae. II. TheConchocelis-phase ofPorphyra sp. inPollicipes cornucopia at Roscoff. Jour. Linn. Soc., Bot.55: 84.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Flint, L. H. 1947. Studies of freshwater red algae. Amer. Jour. Bot.34: 125.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. ——. 1953.Kyliniella in America. Phytomorph.3: 76.Google Scholar
  31. Gardner, N. L. 1927. New Rhodophyceae from the Pacific Coast of North America. II. Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot.13: 235.Google Scholar
  32. Gayral, P. 1952. Maintien en culture et réproduction d’une Bangiale d’eau douce,Chroothece rupestris Hansg. Comp. Rend. Acad. Sci. [Paris]234: 652.Google Scholar
  33. Geitler, L. 1924. Über einige wenig bekannte Süsswasserorganismen mit roten oder blau-grünen Chromatophoren. Rev. Algol.1: 357.Google Scholar
  34. ——. 1927.Rhodospora sordida nov. gen. n. sp., eine neue Bangiacee des Süsswassers. Öst. Bot. Zeits.76: 25.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. ——. 1930. Ein grünes Filarplasmodium und andere neue Protisten. Arch. Protist.69: 615.Google Scholar
  36. ——. 1942–43. Morphologie, Entwicklungsgeschichte und Systematik neuer bemerkenswerter atmophytischer Algen aus Wien. Flora136: 1.Google Scholar
  37. ——. 1944. Furchungsteilung, simultane Mehrfachteilung, Lokomotion, Plasmoptyse und Ökologie der BangiaceePorphyridium cruentum. Flora n.f.37: 300.Google Scholar
  38. ——. 1953. Das Bewegungsverhalten vonPorphyridium cruentum an natürlichen Standort. Öst. Bot. Zeits.100: 672.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. ——. 1954. Die SüsswasserbangiaceeKyliniella latvica und ihr obligater bakterieller Bewohner. Öst. Bot. Zeits.101: 304.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. ——. 1955. Die atmophytische BangioideeRhodospora. Öst. Bot. Zeits.102: 25.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Goebel, K. 1878. Zur Kenntnis einiger Meeresalgen. 2 ÜberBangia undPorphyra. Bot. Ztg.36: 193.Google Scholar
  42. Graves, J. M. 1955. Life-cycle ofPorphyra capensis. Kütz. Nature [London]175: 393.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Grubb, V. M. 1924. Observations on the ecology and reproduction ofPorphyra umbilicalis (L.) J. Ag. Rev. Algol.1: 223.Google Scholar
  44. Hamel, G. 1924. Floridées de France. I. Rev. Algol.1: 278.Google Scholar
  45. ——. 1924. Floridées de France. II. Rev. Algol.1: 427.Google Scholar
  46. Howe, M. A. 1914. The marine algae of Peru. Mem. Torrey Bot. Club15: 1.Google Scholar
  47. --. 1920. Algae.In: N. L. Britton and C. F. Millspaugh,The Bahama Flora.Google Scholar
  48. —— andHoyt, W. D. 1916. Notes on some marine algae from the vicinity of Beaufort, North Carolina. Mem. N. Y. Bot. Gard.6: 105.Google Scholar
  49. Hus, H. T. A. 1902. An account of the species ofPorphyra found on the Pacific Coast of North America. Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. III, Bot.2: 173.Google Scholar
  50. Ishikawa, M. 1921. Cytological studies onPorphyra tenera Kjellm. Bot. Mag. Tokyo35: 206.Google Scholar
  51. Janczewski, E. 1873. Études anatomiques sur lesPorphyra. Ann. Sci. Nat. V. Bot.17: 241.Google Scholar
  52. Jao, C. C. 1937. New marine algae from Washington. Pap. Mich. Acad. Sci. Arts, Let.32: 111.Google Scholar
  53. Joffé, R. 1896. Observations sur la fécondation des Bangiacées. Bull. Soc. Bot. France43: 143.Google Scholar
  54. Jones, F. R. 1955. Notes on the algaComposopogon Mont. Jour. Linn. Soc., Bot.55: 261.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Knox, E. 1926. Some steps on the development ofPorphyra naiadum. Publ. Puget Sound Biol. Sta.5: 125.Google Scholar
  56. Koschtsug, C. 1872. Entwicklungsgeschichte vonCallithamnion Daviesii Lyngb. undPorphyra laciniata Ag. Abh. Neuruss. Naturf. Ges.1. [Abst. Bot. Jahresber.1: 13. 1874].Google Scholar
  57. Krishnamurthy, V. 1953. On the structure and reproduction of aCompsopogon from Madras. Phytomorph.3: 369.Google Scholar
  58. Kufferath, H. 1920. Observations sur la morphologie et la physiologie dePorphyridium cruentum Naeg. Rec. Inst. Bot. “Léo Erréra”, Brux.10: 1.Google Scholar
  59. Kunieda, H. 1939. On the life-history ofPorphyra tenera, Kjellm. Jour. Coll. Agr. Tokyo,14: 377.Google Scholar
  60. Kurogi, M. 1953a. Study of the life-history ofPorphyra. I. The germination and development of carpospores. Bull. Tôhoku Reg. Fish. Res. Lab. II. 67.Google Scholar
  61. --. 1953b. On the liberation of monospores from the filamentous thallus (Conchocelis-stage). Bull. Tôhoku Reg. Fish. Res. Lab. II. 104.Google Scholar
  62. --. 1954. Life-history ofBangia (preliminary report). Rapports et communications parvenus avant le Congrès à la Section 17 (p. 74). VIII Cong. Int. Bot., Paris. 1954.Google Scholar
  63. Kusakabe, D. 1929. On the biology and culture ofPorphyra tenella Kjellm. Fish. Inst. Tokyo25: 21.Google Scholar
  64. Kylin, H. 1922. Ueber die Entwicklungsgeschichte der Bangiaceen. Ark. Bot.17(5): 1.Google Scholar
  65. ——. 1946. Über die Sporenkeimung beiBangia undPorphyra. Forhandl. Kung. Fysiogr. Sällsk. Lund16(3): 1.Google Scholar
  66. Laing, R. M. 1928. New Zealand Bangiales (Bangia, Porphyra, Erythrotrichia, (?)Erythrocladia). Trans. New Zeal. Inst.59: 33.Google Scholar
  67. Le Jolis, A. 1864. Liste des algues marines de Cherbourg. Mém. Soc. Sci. Nat. Cherbourg10: 5.Google Scholar
  68. Magne, F. 1952. La structure du noyau et le cycle nucléaire chez lePorphyra linearis Greville. Comp. Rend. Acad. Sci. [Paris]234: 986.Google Scholar
  69. Nägeli, C. 1847. Neuere Algensysteme.Google Scholar
  70. Newton, L. 1931. A handbook of British seaweeds.Google Scholar
  71. Okamura, K., Onda, K., andHigashi, M. 1920. Preliminary notes on the development of the carpospores ofPorphyra tenera Kjellm. Bot. Mag. Tokyo34: 131.Google Scholar
  72. Pascher, A., andPetrova, J. 1931. Über Porenapparate und Bewegung bei einer neuen Bangiale (Chroothece mobilis). Arch.Protist. 74: 490.Google Scholar
  73. Pringsheim, E. G. andPringsheim O. 1949. The growth requirements ofPorphyridium cruentum with remarks on the ecology of brackish water algae. Jour. Ecol.37: 57.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. Rees, T. K. 1940a. A preliminary account of the life history ofPorphyra umbilicalis (L.) Ag. Ann. Bot. [London] n.s.4: 669.Google Scholar
  75. —————. 1940b. Algal colonization at Mumbles Head. Jour. Ecol.28: 403.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. Reinke, J. 1878. Ueber die Geschlechtpflanzen vonBangia fuscopurpurea Lyngb. Jahrb. Wiss Bot.11: 274.Google Scholar
  77. Rosenberg, M. 1935. Ueber die Bewegung der Einzellen vonAsterocytis smaragdina Reinsch. Arch. Protist.85: 251.Google Scholar
  78. Rosenvinge, L. K. 1909. The marine algae of Denmark, etc. Part I, Rhodophyceae. I (Bangiales and Nemalionales). Dansk. Vid. Selsk. Skrift. VII, Mat.-nat. Afd.7(1): 1.Google Scholar
  79. —————. 1931. The marine algae of Denmark, etc. Part. I. Rhodophyceae. IV. (Gigartinales, Rhodymeniales, Nemastomatales). Dansk. Vid. Selsk. Skrift. VII, Mat.-nat. Afd.7(4): 1.Google Scholar
  80. —————. 1927. On mobility in the reproductive cells of the Rhodophyceae. Bot. Tids.40: 72.Google Scholar
  81. Schiller, J. 1925. Bangiales.In: Die Süsswasserflora. 11:Google Scholar
  82. Schmidle, W. 1905. Algologische Notizen. XVI. Allg. Bot. Zeits.12(4): 63.Google Scholar
  83. Schmitz, F. 1894. Kleinere Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Florideen. V. Nuov. Notarisia5: 705.Google Scholar
  84. -----. 1897. Bangiaceae.In: Näturl. Pflazenfam. I, 2.Google Scholar
  85. Skuja, H. 1926. Eine neue SüsswasserbangiaceaeKyliniella latvica n.g. n.sp. Acta Hort. Bot. Univ. Latvia1: 1.Google Scholar
  86. —————. 1928. Vorarbeiten zu einer Algenflora von Lettland. IV. Acta Hort. Bot. Univ. Latvia,3: 201.Google Scholar
  87. Smith, G. M. 1943. Marine algae of the Monterey Peninsula.Google Scholar
  88. ————— andHollenberg, G. J. 1943. On some Rhodophyceae from the Monterey Peninsula, California. Amer. Jour. Bot.30: 211.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  89. Tanaka, T. 1944. The Japanese species of Protoflorideae. Sci. Pap. Inst. Algol. Res. Hokkaido Univ.3(1): 1.Google Scholar
  90. —————. 1952. The systematic study of the Japanese Protoflorideae. Mem. Fac. Fish. Kagoshima Univ.2(2): 1.Google Scholar
  91. Thaxter, R. 1900. Note on the structure and reproduction ofCompsopogon. Bot. Gaz.29: 259.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  92. Thuret, G., andBornet, E. 1878. Études phycologiques.Google Scholar
  93. Ueda, S. 1929. On the life-history ofPorphyra tenera Kjellm. Jour. Fish. Inst. Tokyo24: 139.Google Scholar
  94. —————. 1937. Studies on the life-history ofPorphyra tenera Kjellm. Bull. Jap. Soc. Sci. Fish.6: 91.Google Scholar
  95. Vischer, W. 1935. Zur Morphologie, Physiologie und Systematik der BlutalgePorphyridium cruentum Naegeli. Verh. Naturf. Ges. Basel46: 66.Google Scholar
  96. Waern, M. 1952. Rocky shore algae in the Öregrund archipelago. Acta Phytogeogr. Suec.30: 1.Google Scholar
  97. Weber van Bosse, A. 1887. Étude sur les algues parasites des Paresseux. Natuurk. Verh. Holland. Maatsch. Wet. 3dc Verz., Deel v. Iske Stuk, Haarlem: 18.Google Scholar
  98. Wille, N. 1900. Algologische Notizen. I–VI. Nyt. Mag. Naturv.,38: 1.Google Scholar
  99. -----. 1924. Süsswasseralgen von der deutschen Südpolar-Expedition auf dem Schiff “Gauss”. 2. Süsswasseralgen von der Inselgruppen der Kerguelen. Deutsche Südpolar-Exped. 1901–1903. Vol. 8. Botanik.Google Scholar
  100. Yendo, K. 1919. The germination and development of some marine algae. I. Bot. Mag. Tokyo33: 73.Google Scholar
  101. Zopf, W. 1882. Zur Morphologie der Spaltpflanzen.Google Scholar
  102. Arasaki, S. 1954. On the life history ofPorphyra tenera Kjellm. Rigaku [Science]24: 152. [Eng. abs. Rec. Res., Fac. Agr.; Univ. Tokyo. IV. 1953–1954. Publ. 1955. Item 104]. General remarks on life history.Google Scholar
  103. Dangeard, P. 1954. Introduction à la Serie XXXVIII Botaniste. Le Botaniste38: v-xiv. Records i) occurrence ofConchocelis rosea at Roscoff and in the Bassin d’Arcachon; ii) germination of carpospores ofPorphyra umbilicalis and penetration of shell by the filaments but differences noted between them andC. rosea; so thinks connection with this alga not proved; iii) opinion that growth from carpospores is in the nature of a protonema, not of a phase producing spores; iv) rarity of fertilization tubes in material used, although male thalli present; similarly, carpospores ofBangia unrecognisable by fertilization tubes to attached spermatia, although male filaments present; v) germination of spores ofBangia which always gaveBangia filaments.Google Scholar
  104. Ogata, E. Perforating growth ofConchocelis in calcareous matrices. Date of publication and journal unknown, not on reprint seen. Manuscript received for pub. Dec. 12th. 1955.Conchocelis-phases ofPorphyra tenera andBangia fuscopurpurea grown in thin flakes of calcite and limestone. Fertile cell-rows ofBangia developed and later uniseriate upright plantlets appeared on the surface of the calcite, possibly from monospores from the fertile cell-rows.Google Scholar
  105. Suto, S. 1954. On the life-history ofPorphyra tenera. III. Bull. Jap. Soc. Sci. Fish.20: 494. The suggestion that carpospores pass the summer in a resting condition and then develop into leafyPorphyra thalli, put forward in an earlier paper, is withdrawn. This is as a result of measurements of the spores liberated from theConchocelis-phase ofPorphyra and of the fact that these spores grow into the leafy thalli.Google Scholar
  106. ————— andFujiyama, T. 1952. On the life-history ofPorphyra tenera. Bull. Jap. Soc. Sci. Fish.17: 1. From measurements of ‘autumn spores’ and monospores from various sources and also of germlings, it is concluded that the ‘autumn spores’ are not monospores.Google Scholar
  107. —————,Maruyama, T. andUmebayashi, O. 1954. On the shedding of spores from “Conchocelis-phase” ofPorphyra tenera cultured in shells of bivalves. Bull. Jap. Soc. Sci. Fish.20: 490. As a result of studying the shedding of spores from theConchocelis-phase ofPorphyra tenera under laboratory conditions, it was found that this occurs chiefly between 7 and 10 a. m., abundantly in temperatures of 12–22° C. and when the sea-water has a density of 1,023.Google Scholar
  108. Takeuchi, T., Matsubara, T., Shitanaka, M., andSuto, S. 1954. On the shedding of spores from cultured “Conchocelis-phase” ofPorphyra tenera set in the sea. Bull. Jap. Soc. Sci. Fish.20: 487. After theConchocelis-phase ofPorphyra tenera had been grown in oyster shells, the latter were set in the sea. A certain number of shells were removed daily from the sea and put in glass tubes in the laboratory, and the number of released spores were counted. Large numbers of spores were released during the two to three days of spring tides and small numbers on other days. Shedding of spores took place from late September until early December.Google Scholar
  109. Tseng, C. K. andChang, T. J. Studies on the life history ofPorphyra tenera Kjellm. Scientia Sinica4: 375. [date?] A combination of two papers published in Chinese in Acta Botanica Sinica3: 287 (1954) and4: 27 (1955). This paper deals with the dwarf summer thalli and with their significance in the life history, the morphology of theConchocelis-phase, and the formation and liberation of the spores of theConchocelis-phase. These spores are called “conchospores” and are shown to germinate into leafyPorphyra thalli. The evidence provided in support of this last statement appears to be conclusive; thus the gap in our knowledge of that aspect of the life history is closed.Google Scholar
  110. ————— and —————. 1955. Studies onPorphyra. III. Sexual reproduction ofPorphyra. Acta Bot. Sin.4: 153. From their own observations, the writers support the statements of Berthold and Dangeard about fertilization and the occurrence of reduction division immediately after fertilization.Google Scholar
  111. ————— and —————. 1955. A revision of the life cycle diagram ofPorphyra tenera Kjellm. Acta Bot. Sin.4: 265. This replaces an earlier diagram by the same authors.Google Scholar
  112. ————— and —————. 1956. Conditions ofPorphyra conchospores, formation and discharge and discharge rhythm. Acta Bot. Sin.5: 33. It is reported that the fertile cell-rows ofPorphyra tenera are formed at temperatures of from 15° C. (possibly 16–17° C.) to 30° C., but spores are formed in them only after they have been subjected to temperatures of 15–20° C. for a minimum of 11–14 days. Shaking is necessary to induce liberation, which takes place at temperatures up to 25° C. Conchospores may be formed on two-year-old growths at 10° C. Spore discharge takes place early in the morning; the peak is between 8 and 10 a. m., and it almost stops at night. It is considered that discharge is affected by both light and temperature. In a second species ofPorphyra, although the peak discharge is at the same time, spores are discharged during the afternoon and night also.Google Scholar
  113. Yamasaki, H. 1954. Studies on the ecology of theConchocelis-phase ofPorphyra tenera Kjellm. I. Bull. Jap. Soc. Sci. Fish.20: 442. [Eng. abs. Rec. Res., Fac. Agr.; Univ. Tokyo. V. 1954–1955. Pub. 1956. Item 78.] The development of this phase from germination to the adult state with the formation of monosporangia has been followed, especially from the ecological view-point.Google Scholar
  114. —————. 1954. Studies on the ecology of theConchocelis-phase ofPorphyra tenera Kjellm. II. Shedding and fixing of spores. Bull. Jap. Soc. Sci. Fish.20: 447. [Eng. abs. Rec. Res., Fac. Agr.; Univ. Tokyo. V. 1954–1955. Pub. 1956. Item 79.] Spores are liberated from the sporangia on the protonema for two hours after sunrise on bright days but later on cloudy days. Within two minutes of contact with the substratum, they become attached. The highest percentage of attachment occurs immediately after liberation.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The New York Botanical Garden 1956

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kathleen M. Drew
    • 1
  1. 1.University of ManchesterEngland

Personalised recommendations