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American Potato Journal

, Volume 61, Issue 1, pp 41–56 | Cite as

Winter and summer performance of potato (Solanum tuberosum) in isohyperthermic regimes

  • L. A. Manrique
  • G. Y. Tsuji
  • G. Uehara
  • R. L. Fox
Article

Abstract

Potato production in isohyperthermic temperature regimes (mean annual soil temperature higher than 22°C) has been considered impractical physiologically and economically. However, recent experiments with potatoes (var. Kennebec) on a clayey, kaolinitic, isohyperthermic Tropeptic Eutrustox of Hawaii during the winters of 1980 and 1981 and the summer of 1980, indicate that although seasonal variation in the tropics is minimal when compared to temperate regions, there is enough of a distinction in temperature that potato production is possible and favored during the cooler winter months. Soil temperatures, measured at 20-cm depth, in irrigated plots range from 18 to 20°C in winter and 24 to 26°C in summer. Tuber initiation in winter and summer began at 40 and 55 days after planting, respectively. Maturity was delayed by 20 days in summer. Yields in irrigated plots were 36,000 in winter and 25,000 kg/ha in summer; in nonirrigated plots, yields were 14,600 in winter and 7,900 kg/ha in summer. Nutrient uptake and water and energy use were less efficient in summer. The results indicated that winter is the most suitable season for potato production in the warm tropics.

Key Words

Soil family Tropeptic Eutrustox agrotechnology transfer potato production 

Resumen

La producción de papas bajo temperaturas isohipertérmicas (temperaturas medias anuales sobre 22°C), ha sido considerada impráctica desde el punto de vista fisiológico y económico. Sin embargo, experimentes recientes con papas (var. Kennebec) arcilloso, caolinitico, isohipertérmico, de Hawaii, durante el invierno de 1980 y 1981 y verano de 1981, indican que la variación de temperaturas existente hace posible la producción de papa. Esta producción de papa es parecida aún más pos los meses frescos de invierno. Las temperaturas medidas a 20 cm. de profundidad en parcelas irrigadas variaron dentro de un rango de 18–20°C en el invierno y 24 a 26°C en el verano. La iniciación de tubérculos, tanto en invierno como en verano, empezó a los 40 y 55 días después de la siembra, respectivamente. La madurez se retardó 20 días durante el verano. Los rendimientos en parcelas irrigadas fueron de 36,000 kg/ha en invierno y 25,000 kg/ha en verano; los rendimientos en parcelas no irrigadas fueron 14,600 kg/ha en invierno y 7,900 kg/ha en verano. La asimilación de nutrientes y agua y energía usada, fue menos eficiente en verano. Los resultados indicaron que el invierno es la estación más adecuada para la producción de papas en los trópicos cálidos.

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Copyright information

© Springer 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. A. Manrique
    • 1
  • G. Y. Tsuji
    • 1
  • G. Uehara
    • 1
  • R. L. Fox
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Agronomy and Soil ScienceUniversity of HawaiiHonolulu

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