The Botanical Review

, Volume 42, Issue 3, pp 215–315 | Cite as

Metasequoia — Fossil and Living —

An initial thirty-year (1941–1970) annotated and indexed bibliography with an historical introduction
  • Edmund H. Fulling


Botanical Review English Summary Living Tree Seed Distribution Arnold Arboretum 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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  1. Bibliographies sent as photo copies of citations on file in the libraries of the Bailey Hortorium, Cornell University, Ithaca, N.Y., and of Morton Arboretum, Lisle, Ill.Google Scholar
  2. Compendium Index of Fossil Plants [A card file, not a publication] at the U.S. Geological Survey Library, Washington, D.C.Google Scholar
  3. Fritz, Emmanuel. 1957. California Coast Redwood (Sequoia sempervirens (D.Don) Endl.), an annotated bibliography to and including 1955. [Contains 2,003 annotated titles, including 32 onMetasequoia.]Google Scholar
  4. Walker, Egbert H. 1960. Bibliography of Eastern Asiatic Botany. Supplement I. 552 pp. [Includes 50 citations underMetasequoia in the Index, all of which, except those in Chinese or Japanese, are listed in the present annotated bibliography.]Google Scholar

Annotated Citations

  1. Anonymous. 1947a. Far-away cousins of redwoods discovered in China. Trees7(3): 5. Two short paragraphs: Dr. Chaney’s announcement of Dr. Hu’s report regarding the discovery of three living trees ofMetasequoia in China. N.Y.B.G.Google Scholar
  2. -. 1947b. American redwoods have Chinese relatives. Sci. News-Lett.51(5): 79. Three short paragraphs on discovery of livingMetasequoia trees in China. N.Y.B.G.Google Scholar
  3. - 1948a.Metasequoia. Gard. Chron. III.123: 121. Discovery of living trees in China; follow-up expeditions; original seed distribution by Arnold Arboretum. N.Y.B.G.Google Scholar
  4. - 1948b. Puzzleover Metasequoia. Sci. News-Lett.54(8): 124. Concerns Stebbin’s chromosomal studies suggesting thatSequoia sempervirens may be an allopolyploid of hybrid origin. N.Y.B.G.Google Scholar
  5. -. 1948c. Dawn redwood insects. Amer. For.54(12): 530. Letter to editor regarding some 60,000 insect specimens expected to be collected on Dawn Redwoods Entomological Expedition to China, sponsored by the California Academy of Sciences and Lingnan University. See Gressitt, J. L., 1953. N.Y.B.G.Google Scholar
  6. -. 1948d. Ship insects from China’s redwoods to California. Sci. NewsLett.54(21): 324. Concerns the afore-mentioned insect collection. N.Y.B.G.Google Scholar
  7. - 1948e. [No title.] Arbor. Bull. (Seattle, Wash.)11(1): 37; 11(3): 33. Eight lines reporting germination of seed from Arnold Arboretum. N.Y.B.G.Google Scholar
  8. - 1948f. The dawn-redwood. Amer. For.54(8): 352, 353, 372. Chaney and Silverman’s journey to China; former distribution ofMetasequoia; six photos (discovery tree, river travel); map of area. N.Y.B.G.Google Scholar
  9. - 1948g. Seed of Metasequoia will be planted in U.S. Sci. News-Lett. 53(6): 87. Half single column: Distribution of seed by Arnold Arboretum for planting in 9 places in U.S.A. and 2 in England. N.Y.B.G.Google Scholar
  10. - 1948h. Find ancient tree species. Sci. News-Lett.53(23): 357. Half page: Discovery of livingMetasequoia trees; elevation and size of trees in China; Chaney’s trip; photo of Chaney at base of discovery tree. N.Y.B.G.Google Scholar
  11. - 1948i China has National Park. Sci. News-Lett.53(21): 322. Members of a committee and movement for setting aside a natural area in China to protectMetasequoia. N.Y.B.G.Google Scholar
  12. -. 1948j. La découverte duSequoia toujours vert (ouSequoia à feuilles d’If) en Chine. Rev. Int. Bois.15(136): 179–180. Discovery of livingMetasequoia trees; Chaney’s journey. Obviously an error in referring toMetasequoia as evergreen. N.Y.P.L.Google Scholar
  13. - 1948k. A fossil tree comes to life. Sci. Illus.3(12): 45. Brief, inferior article: Two photos of discovery tree and of Chaney and Silverman at its base. N.Y.P.L.Google Scholar
  14. -. 19481. Linked with the dinosaurs: “living fossils” from Mesozoic times. Illus. London News212: 586–587. Discovery, abundance, location of livingMetasequoia trees in China; subsequent expeditions; $250 grant from Arnold Arboretum yielded 9,750,000 Chinese dollars which provided air transport for third expedition; sketches of foliage, twigs, cones and type tree; map of area in China. N.Y.P.L.Google Scholar
  15. - 1948m. Re-enterMetasequoia. Botanical find. As but a day. Harvard Univ. Alumni Bull.50(9): 388. Three articles on one page: Seedlings at Arnold Arboretum; discovery of living trees in China; naming of new genusMetasequoia on basis of fossils; size of trees found in China; second expedition in 1946; third expedition financed by $250 grant from Arnold Arboretum; seed arrival in Boston January 5, 1948; distribution of seeds from Arnold Arboretum in U.S. and Europe; photo of Dr. E. D. Merrill and R. H. Fillmore, Arboretum Propagator, examining seedlings. N.Y.P.L.Google Scholar
  16. - 1948n. Living fossil. J. New York Bot. Gard.49: 151. One paragraph on acquisition, from Dr. Chung-Lwen Wu, and germination of firstMetasequoia seed at the New York Botanical Garden. N.Y.B.G.Google Scholar
  17. -. 1948o.Metasequoia glyptostroboides. Gard. Chron. III.124: 1. One short paragraph and a picture, claimed to be the first, of a seedlingMetasequoia grown at Royal Horticultural Society’s gardens, Wisley, England, from seed supplied by Arnold Arboretum. N.Y.B.G.Google Scholar
  18. - 1948p.Metasequoia summary. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club75(4): 439–440. Chaney and Silverman’s journey to China; brought back bark, cones, leaves (?) and wood. N.Y.B.G.Google Scholar
  19. - 1948q. New World and Old linked by fossil society. Hobbies53: 151.Google Scholar
  20. - 1948r. Plant seeds from tree thought extinct. Sci. Dig.23(4): 70. Half page account of discovery of livingMetasequoia trees and of seed distribution by Arnold Arboretum. N.Y.P.L.Google Scholar
  21. - 1948s. Further notes onMetasequoia. Plants and Gardens4(4): 235. Two short paragraphs: Abundance of living trees in China; conservation efforts; reference to Dr. Stebbin’s chromosomal studies. N.Y.B.G.Google Scholar
  22. - 1948t. China News (London). June 10. Reports the establishment of a Conservation Committee for the preservation and propagation ofMetasequoia in China.Google Scholar
  23. - 1948u. Wisley in December. J. Roy. Hort. Soc.73(12): 420–422. Brief reference to first germination ofMetasequoia seed at Wisley. N.Y.B.G.Google Scholar
  24. - 1948v. Find ancient tree species. Sci. News-Lett.53(23): 357. Chaney’s trip to China; elevation and size ofMetasequoia trees; photo of Chaney at type tree. N.Y.B.G.Google Scholar
  25. - 1948w. [No title.] J. Roy. Hort. Soc.74(4): lii. Mentions display of a Metasequoia seedling at the November, 1948, meeting of the Society; notes sympodial growth habit. N.Y.B.G.Google Scholar
  26. -. 1948x. [Various titles.] [A group of newspaper reports presenting essentially the same information, appearing in 22 different newspapers in late January and early February, 1948. Clippings at the Arnold Arboretum.] January 20 and February 1: New York Times. January 28: Wilmington, N.C., News; New Bern, N.C., Sun Journal; Durham, N.C., Sun; Providence, R.I., Bulletin; Albany, Ore., Democrat-Herald; Miami Beach, Fla., Evening Sun; Tampa, Fla., Tribune; Boston Daily Globe. January 29: New York Herald Tribune; Newport, R.I., News; Springfield, Mass., News; Los Angeles, Calif., Examiner; Pittsburg, Pa., Press; Newark, N.J., Star Ledger; Evansville, Ind., Press; Flint, Mich., Journal; Columbus, Ohio, Citizen; Lynchburg, Va., Advance. January 30: New Haven, Conn., Register; Kinston, N.C., Free Press. February 6: Montreal Daily Star. Discovery of livingMetasequoia trees in China; follow-up seed-collecting expedition financed by Arnold Arboretum; seed sent by Arboretum to England, and to (variously given as 9, 11, or a dozen) American Institutions. Arn. Arb.Google Scholar
  27. -. 1948y. Land offered for test growth of dawn redwoods. San Francisco Chronicle, April 6: 17. More than 1,000 acres near Mt. St. Helena in Napa County, California, offered to Save-the-Redwoods League for test planting; seeds sent from China already germinated in greenhouses; many other smaller offers of land; Chaney’s trip to China. N.Y.P.L.Google Scholar
  28. -. 1948z. Dean Pound stirred by finding ofMetasequoia tree in China. Christ. Sci. Mon.: May 25. Dr. Roscoe Pound, Dean Emeritus of Harvard Law School (with three academic degrees in botany) made a member of the committee to preserveMetasequoia in China; other members listed. Arn. Arb.Google Scholar
  29. - 1949a. A monument to Dr. Ernest H. Wilson. J. Roy. Hort. Soc.74(12): 544. Cemetery planting in Montreal, Canada, includesMetasequoia. N.Y.B.G.Google Scholar
  30. - 1949b. Wilson memorial. Horticulture27(7): 276. Paragraph regarding planting ofMetasequoia seedling at grave of Dr. Ernest H. Wilson, in Montreal. N.Y.B.G.Google Scholar
  31. -. 1949c. “Dawn redwood” pollen found in Scottish coal. Sci. News-Lett.56(9): 143. N.Y.B.G.Google Scholar
  32. -. 1949d. The Dawn Redwood, a survival from the age of dinosaurs: a recently discovered plant rarity of ancient lineage. Illus. London News214: 310–311. Extensive quote from Chaney (1948f); five photos of type trees; map of native area. N.Y.P.L.Google Scholar
  33. -. 1949e. A possible newcomer to British woodlands; the dawn redwood as a source of soft wood supplies. Illus. London News215: 321. Brief text: Distribution of 600 packets of seed over the world by Arnold Arboretum; 13 photos (fossil foliage, 14-month old seedling, wood anatomy, pollen). N.Y.P.L.Google Scholar
  34. -. 1949f.Metasequoia. Save-the-Redwoods League, Ann. Rep., p. 14. Three paragraphs on Chaney’s trip to China, with a quote from his “Redwoods of the Past”. N.Y.P.L.Google Scholar
  35. - 1949g. Dawn redwood planted on West Coast. Chicago Nat. Hist. Mus., Bull.20(12): 5. Dawn redwood exhibit in Museum; United Press dispatch in various newspapers that hundreds of seedlings had been planted along Pacific Coast from Alaska to Guatemala; credits Chaney with having brought back four seedlings and thousands of seeds from China. N.Y.P.L.Google Scholar
  36. -. 1950a.Metasequoia glyptostroboides in America. Gard. Chron. III. 127: 111. Summary of Skinner’s article (Skinner 1949b). N.Y.B.G.Google Scholar
  37. - 1950b.Metasequoia and charity. Gard. Chron. III.128: 85. Brief note that a lady in Surrey, England, had raised seedlings and was “willing to dispose of them for the benefit of charitable institutions”. N.Y.B.G.Google Scholar
  38. -. 1950c. Seedlings are living experiment of dead age. Sci. News-Lett.58(2): 28. Success of seedlings in Alaska and California. N.Y.B.G.Google Scholar
  39. -. 1950d. Conifer of prehistoric origin grows in Dublin. Irish Times, August 18: 7. Brief account regarding discovery of livingMetasequoia in China and six seedlings in the Dublin Botanic Garden raised from seed from the Arnold Arboretum. N.Y.P.L.Google Scholar
  40. -. 1950e. “Extinct” tree thrives in Alaska. Sci. Dig.28(3): inside front cover. Hardiness and success of seedlings in Alaska. N.Y.P.L.Google Scholar
  41. -. 1950f.Metasequoia. Save-the-Redwoods League Ann. Rep. p. 11. One brief paragraph on Chaney’s trip to China. N.Y.P.L.Google Scholar
  42. - 1950g. Living fossil. Shade Tree Digest (Howard Tree Res. Lab.) October: 2. Half page account: Discovery and size ofMetasequoia trees in China; roles of Kan and Chaney; photo of seedling. Cor. U. (M)Google Scholar
  43. -. 1951a.Metasequoia — Living fossil. West Virginia Univ. Arbor. News1(5): 2. Half page popular account: Discovery of living trees in China; collection and distribution of seed by Arnold Arboretum; three seedlings at the W. Va. Univ. Arboretum from Brooklyn Botanic Garden. B.B.G.Google Scholar
  44. -. 1951b. A tale ofMetasequoia. West Virginia Arboretum News1(7): 1–2. Trees referred to in preceding citation disappeared, probably through vandalism; resultant newspaper publicity. B.B.G.Google Scholar
  45. -. 1952a. ‘Fossil’ trees, 60,000,000 years old, now grown throughout world; several in Rogue River valley. Medford [Oregon] Mail Tribune, June 15: 8. Lengthy newspaper article: discovery of living trees in China; financing of expedition and distribution of seed by Arnold Arboretum; detailed wide range of seedlings by March, 1948; inappropriateness of name “Dawn redwood”; abundance and size in China; growth rate; plantation planting in England. [Photo copy in Merrill file, NYBG] N.Y.B.G.Google Scholar
  46. -. 1952b. DieMetasequoia — ein lebendes Fossil. Umschau Wiss. Techn.52(6): 183. Two paragraphs in German. N.A.L.Google Scholar
  47. - 1952c. Ancient trees planted. Parks and Rec.35(5): 15. Quarter page: Discovery of livingMetasequoia in China: three trees planted in National Capitol Parks (Washington D.C.); fossils in Alaska, Oregon, California, Greenland, Germany, Switzerland, Manchuria and Japan, in rocks of Eocene age (60 million years old) and of Miocene age (20 million years old). N.Y.P.L.Google Scholar
  48. - 1953a.Metasequoia. Gartenwelt53(7): 119. Brief, general article. (In German) N.Y.B.G.Google Scholar
  49. - 1953b. [No title]. Horticulture31(7): 300. Lord Aberconway’s tribute to Dr. Merrill for having providedMetasequoia seed for Great Britain. N.Y.B.G.Google Scholar
  50. -. 1953c. Chromosomenzahl bei fossilen Pflanzen —Sequoia undMetasequoia Umschau Wiss. Techn.53(24): 758. Half page (in German) refers toM. japonica. N.A.L.Google Scholar
  51. -. 1953d. Dawn redwoods in Oregon bear cones. Shade Tree Digest (Howard Tree Res. Lab.) March: 3. Half page: Discovery of living trees in China; cones on two trees at Hoyt Arboretum, Portland, Oregon. Cor. U. (M)Google Scholar
  52. -. 1955. Grows dawn redwood. Wisconsin Hort.45(5): 153. Dawn redwood and two California redwoods planted at Lake Mills, Wisconsin. Cor. U. (M)Google Scholar
  53. -. 1956.Metasequoia grows in Pittsburgh. Bull. Gard. Club. Amer.44(5): 41. One paragraph: 7-year old, 19 1/2-foot tall tree in garden of Mrs. Roy Arthur Hunt; incorrectly states that in 1948 Arnold Arboretum distributed seedlings raised from seed brought from China by Chaney. N.Y.B.G.Google Scholar
  54. -. 1957a.Metasequoia glyptostroboides, ein “neuer” Nadelbaum. Allg. Forstz.12(11): 153. History of discovery; cultivation in a Copenhagen glasshouse; rooting of cuttings. (For. Abs.19(4): 4121. 1958) N.A.L.Google Scholar
  55. - 1957b. Notes and comments. Gard. Chron. III.142(17): 300. Brief paragraph on avenue ofMetasequoia in England. N.Y.B.G.Google Scholar
  56. - 1957c. The Dawn Redwood in Illinois. Living Museum19(4): 237. Living foliage photo of 12-foot tree in garden of Mrs. Noy Hauskins, Ramsey, Ill., the only survivor from 11 seeds received from Arnold Arboretum. N.Y.P.L.Google Scholar
  57. -. 1958. Eine botanische Seltenheit —Metasequoia. Naturschutz24: 31.Google Scholar
  58. - 1959. [Title?] Holz-Kurier (Vienna). March 12. Trial planting at Weinheim, Baden, Germany.Google Scholar
  59. - 1960a. Redwoods at the New York Botanical Garden. Bull. Gard. Club Amer.48(3): 79–80. Half page on display of Metasequoia fossils as part of redwoods exhibit at the Garden in March, 1960. N.Y.B.G.Google Scholar
  60. - 1960b. Proliferation of Metasequoia. J. Roy. Hort. Soc.85(2): 59. (Extracts from the Proceedings.) Cone with shoots between the scales. N.Y.B.G.Google Scholar
  61. - 1960c.Metasequoia glyptostroboides. Gard. Chron. III.148(22): 535. Brief paragraph with photo of foliage and cones. N.Y.B.G.Google Scholar
  62. - 1960d. Redwoods exhibit. Gard. J. (N.Y.B.G.)10(2): 77. Note on redwood and dawn redwood at N.Y.B.G. N.Y.B.G.Google Scholar
  63. - 1960e. Spring garden tour. Gard. J. (N.Y.B.G.)10(4): 158–159. MentionsMetasequoia on Princeton University campus. N.Y.B.G.Google Scholar
  64. -. 1961. Dawn redwood gains favor. Kingwood Center Notes8(2): 2. Half page: Discovery of fossils and of living trees; Chaney’s trip to China; seeds distributed by Arnold Arboretum; planting in Mansfield, Ohio. N.Y.B.G.Google Scholar
  65. -. 1962a. Survey of recently collected plants. Part I: Himalayas, Tibet, China. J. Roy. Hort. Soc.87(5): 230–240; 273–282. (p. 231, 279) Brief mention ofMetasequoia. N.Y.B.G.Google Scholar
  66. - 1962b.Metasequoia reports wanted. Scott. Forest.16(1): 61. Short request for reports onMetasequoia plantings in Scotland. (See Maclagan-Gorrie 1965, for report.) N.Y.P.L.Google Scholar
  67. - 1963a. A garden century, 1863–1963. Christchurch City Council, New Zealand. Introduction ofMetasequoia into New Zealand. Arn. Arb.Google Scholar
  68. - 1963b. Columbia Encyclopedia. Ten lines, part ofSequoia entry: Discovery of fossils and of living trees in China; abundance and distribution there; propagation. N.Y.B.G.Google Scholar
  69. - 1963c. A living fossil. Agric. Res.12(2): 11. Origin, distribution, growth rate and hardiness of the variety “National”. (Hort. Abs.34(2): 3257. 1964.) N.Y.B.G.Google Scholar
  70. -. 1964a. Dawn redwood,Metasequoia — Exciting story of its discovery in China. [Mimeo. copy; no place of publication. Sent to Arnold Arboretum, Nov. 24, 1964.] Arn. Arb.Google Scholar
  71. -. 1964b. China’s Dawn Redwood. Sunset. August: 150. Half page: Discovery of living trees in China; seeds sent to Arnold Arboretum in 1948, thence distributed; comparison ofMetasequoia with Coast redwood and bald cypress; horticultural features; photo of 35-foot tree at Arcadia, California, started from cutting in 1949. N.Y.P.L.Google Scholar
  72. -. 1965a. Rambling observations. Horticulture43(3): 16. Four brief paragraphs: Discovery of livingMetasequoia trees; obtaining and distribution of seed by Arnold Arboretum; growth rate. N.Y.B.G.Google Scholar
  73. - 1965b. Dawn Redwood. Garden Path35(3): 7. Five paragraphs: Discovery of livingMetasequoia trees in China; seed distribution by Arnold Arboretum; seed sent to Ohio Agricultural Experiment Station furnished seedlings now at Secrest Arboretum in Ohio; wood may have paper-making qualities. N.Y.B.G.Google Scholar
  74. - 1966. [No title.] Gard. Chron. III.159(21): 506. Paragraph on cutting backMetasequoia twigs after winter kill. N.Y.B.G.Google Scholar
  75. - 1967. [No title.] Sci. News, U.S. For. Prod. Lab., Madison, Wis. Four page press release:Metasequoia wood commercially unsuitable; history; “Meta means beyond, but which way?” Arn. Arb.Google Scholar
  76. -. 1968a. Ancient redwoods not as good as today’s. Sci. News93(1): 13.Metasequoia wood inferior toSequoia wood according to U.S. Products Laboratory. N.Y.B.G.Google Scholar
  77. -. 1968b.Metasequoia. In: Encyclopedia of Horticulture. 7 vols; abundantly illust. Paragraph onMetasequoia; photo of living foliage and cone. (Title in English; Chinese text.) Cor. U. (B)Google Scholar
  78. - 1970. Flowering. Rep. For. Res., For. Comm. [London.] 1969–1970: 109–110.Metasequoia flowers of both sexes initiated in greenhouse on one-year old cuttings; female cones uncommon in Britain; male cones not reported there previously. (For. Abs.32(3): 4131. 1971)Google Scholar
  79. Aberconway, Lord. 1948. J. Roy. Hort. Soc.73(4): xxxv. At the Annual General Meeting of the Royal Horticultural Society, February 17, 1948, Lord Aberconway, the President, used the nameMetasequoia in referring to a new Chinese tree that he had heard about while visiting the Arnold Arboretum. Aberconway also referred to seed received in England, Scotland and Wales from the Arnold Arboretum. N.Y.B.G.Google Scholar
  80. —. 1950. The gardens at Bodnant. J. Roy. Hort. Soc.75(7): 261–269. (p. 265). Mentions a “tiny little plant ofMetasequoia”. N.Y.B.G. Adair, Cecile. 1949. Dawn redwoods. Christ. Sci. Mon. Mag., Sept. 24: 10. Discovery of living trees in China; Chaney brought seeds and a few small trees from China; he furnished six seedlings to E. W. Sawyer, Los Angeles oil fields broker and retired geologist, for planting in the latter’s mountainous land in northern California; 8 to 10-inch growth reported two months later. N.Y.P.L.Google Scholar
  81. Agranovskaia, IA.,et al. 1956. (Oligocene spore atlas of the USSR.) 310 pp. (p. 271.) Half page account onMetasequoia, mentioningM. japonica. (In Russian.) N.Y.B.G. Aldhous, J. K. 1961. Dawn redwood cones. Quart. J. Forest.55(2): 180. Photos of foliage and of stalked cones from a tree in England. N.Y.P.L.Google Scholar
  82. Allanson, Robin. 1963.Metasequoia glyptostroboides on Dartmoor. Gard. Chron. III.154(14): 247. Note concerning hardiness. N.Y.B.G.Google Scholar
  83. Anderson, A. W. 1949. The dawn redwood — A living relic of the far past. New Zealand Gard.5(10): 733–736. Discovery of living trees; seed distribution; cultivation. N.A.L.Google Scholar
  84. Anderson, W. Warren. 1949. You too can grow a redwood tree. Rare Plant Club. Illus., 15 pp. IncludesMetasequoia. Google Scholar
  85. Andreanszky, Gabriel. 1959. Die Flora der Sarmatischen Stufe in Ungarn. 360 pp., 68 pls. Three brief indexed references toMetasequoia fossils. N.Y.B.G.(B)Google Scholar
  86. Andrews, Henry N. 1947. Ancient plants and the world they lived in. 279 pp. (p. 194.) Three line footnote: Many fossil specimens originally described asSequoia were later assigned toMetasequoia; photo ofM. occidentalis fossil from Alaska. N.Y.B.G.Google Scholar
  87. —. 1948.Metasequoia and the living fossils. Missouri Bot. Gard. Bull.36(6): 79–85. Discovery of fossil and living material; resemblance to, and differences from, related genera; abundance, location and size in China; seed distribution; greater antiquity of related genera; photos ofMetasequoia seedlings and ofSequoia foliage fossil. N.Y.B.G.Google Scholar
  88. - 1961. Studies in paleobotany. 487 pp. (p. 206–207.) Brief allusion to, and photo of,Metasequoia occidentalis fossil foliage in Oregon. N.Y.B.G.Google Scholar
  89. - 1970. Index of generic names of fossil plants; 1820–1965. U.S. Geol. Surv., Geol. Surv. Bull. 1300. 354 pp. (p. 131.) IncludesMetasequoia glyptostroboides as a “conserved name”. N.Y.B.G.Google Scholar
  90. Anliker, J. 1949.Metasequoia glyptostroboides, eine bedeutsame Entdeckung. Schweiz. Beitr. Dendrol.1(1): 33. One page account of discovery. Cor. U. (M)Google Scholar
  91. Armitage, E. 1953. Autumn colouring inMetasequoia. J. Roy. Hort. Soc.78(2): 60. Half page on a tree in Herefordshire, England. N.Y.B.G.Google Scholar
  92. Arnold, Chester A. 1952. Tertiary plants from North America. 2. Fossil capsule valves ofKoelreuteria from the John Day series of Oregon. Palaeobotanist 1 (Birbal Sahni Memorial Volume): 74–77. Leafy branchlets and seeds ofMetasequoia the most abundant plant fossils at this locality. N.Y.B.G.Google Scholar
  93. - 1969. The fossil-plant record.In: Robert H. Tschudy and Richard A. Scott, Aspects of palynology. 510 pp. (p. 138, 139.) Brief reference toMetasequoia as having first appeared in the Late Cretaceous and continued into the Oligocene of Colorado, Montana, and Oregon. N.Y.B.G.Google Scholar
  94. Asahina, Syoziro. 1969. Notes on Chinese Odonata. II. The Odonata ofMetasequoia expedition. Kontyu37(2): 192–201. Concerns insects collected on California Academy of Science-Lingnan University joint expedition to theMetasequoia area in China. (Bio. Abs.51(20): 116360. 1970.) N.A.L.Google Scholar
  95. Ashley, James F. 1938?. A Middle Tertiary flora from Elko, Nevada. (Unpublished typescript casting doubt on certain fossils placed inTaxodium by the author although differing in having opposite peltate ament scales, thus anticipating establishment of the new genus,Metasequoia, by Miki three years later. This anticipatory writing is mentioned in Chaney’s important revision (Chaney, 1951a). U.C.(P.)Google Scholar
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  97. Axelrod, Daniel I. 1950. Evolution of desert vegetation in western North America. Carnegie Inst. Wash., Publ.590: 215–306. (pp. 224, 230.)Metasequoia mentioned twice, in Colorado, Utah, Wyoming. N.Y.B.G.Google Scholar
  98. -. 1966. The Eocene Copper Basin flora of northeastern Nevada. Univ. Calif. Publ. Geol. Sci. 59. 86 pp., 20 pls.Metasequoia mentioned four times. N.Y.B.G.(B)Google Scholar
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  105. —, & Conrad B. Link. 1963. The influence of photoperiod on the rooting of cuttings of some woody ornamental plants. Proc. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci.82: 596–601. IncludesMetasequoia; indole butyric acid. (Hort. Abs.34(1): 980. 1964.) M.H.S.Google Scholar
  106. Baldwin, John T. 1969.Metasequoia produces male flowers in Williamsburg, Virginia. Amer. Hort. Mag.48(3): 137–138. Introduction at Williamsburg in 1948; growth rate; male and female cones, and viable seed; photos of 57-foot trees, buttressed bases, male and female cones. (For. Abs.32(1): 366. 1971.) N.Y.B.G.Google Scholar
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  129. Binney, H. B. 1948. Chinese “Dawn Redwood” seeds planted in B. C. Woodland World1(4): 6. Montreal newspaper article: Discovery of livingMetasequoia trees; Chaney’s journey; Distribution of seed by Arnold Arboretum to B.C. and elsewhere. N.Y.P.L.Google Scholar
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  131. Böcher, Tyge Wittrock. 1964. Morphology of the vegetative body ofMetasequoia glyptostroboides. Dansk. Bot. Ark.24: 1–70. Technical article: Alternate and opposite branching; shoot types; root anatomy; shoot anatomy; periderm; abscission; buds; xylem; phloem; phyllotaxy; leaf anatomy; mycorrhiza. 33 figures (photos of 15-year old tree in Copenhagen, foliage, root and stem anatomy; drawings of bud transection; etc.) N.Y.B.G. (Bio. Abs.46(19): 86201. 1965)Google Scholar
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  133. — 1959. Notizen uberMetasequoia. Mitt. Deutsch. Dendrol. Ges.60: 100. Plantings in botanical gardens and at other institutions in Germany. N.A.L.Google Scholar
  134. Boom, Boudewijn, & H. Kleijn. 1966. The Glory of the tree. 128 pp., 194 color illust. (p. 20) Full page account ofMetasequoia: Discovery of living trees in China; follow-up expeditions; seed distribution by Arnold Arboretum. N.Y.B.G.Google Scholar
  135. Borsuk, M. O. 1956. [Paleocene flora of Sakhalin (of the conglomerate and Lower Duiseries.)] Trudy, n.s.12: 16–18. 1 pl., 6 figs. MentionsM. disticha in flora of Sakhalin and Siberia.Google Scholar
  136. Bratzeva, G. M. 1965. (Pollen and spores in Maestrichtian deposits of the Far East.) (Acad. Sci. USSR, Geol. Inst. Trans.129: 1–42; 42 pls. (p. 8).) Incidental mention ofMetasequoia. (In Russian) N.Y.B.G.Google Scholar
  137. Brazier, J. D. 1963. The timber of young plantation-grownMetasequoia. Quart. J. Forest.57(2): 151–153. Wood properties and possibility as timber tree in Great Britain. N.Y.P.L. (For. Abs.24(4): 5453. 1963.)Google Scholar
  138. Broekhuizen, J. T. M., & F. N. Zwart. 1966. Ned. Boschbouw-Tijdschr.38(11): 409–410. Dutch text; English summary. N.A.L. (For. Abs.28(2): 2463. 1967.Google Scholar
  139. —& — 1967. Een bijdrage tot de kennis vanMetasequoia glyptostroboides. Ned. Boschbouw-Tijdschr.39(10): 439–463. Inst. For. Res., Div. Silv., Agr. Univ., Wageningen, Netherlands, Commun. #10.Metasequoia data from various countries compared with data from the Netherlands. Also: history of discovery; morphology; propagation; several clones, two described (”Moerheim” and “Vada”); hormone treatment; results of trial plantings;Forties injury; ecology in China; growth rate; silviculture; 6 photos (type tree; cones, clones, 19-year old tree in Wageningen); map of China area. (In Dutch; English summary.) N.A.L. (For. Abs.29(2): 1940. 1968.)Google Scholar
  140. Browicz, Kazimierz. 1960. (Species of Taxodiaceae in the Kornick Arboretum.) Arboretum Kórnickie, Rocznik V: 203–223. Acclimatization; minimum temperature; photo of mature trunk of Metasequoia. (In Polish; English & Russian summaries.) N.A.L. (For. Abs.23(1): 607. 1962.)Google Scholar
  141. Brown, Roland W. 1962. Paleocene flora of the Rocky Mountains and Great Plains. Profess. Pap. U.S. Geol. Surv. 375. 119 pp., 69 pls. (p. 49–50)Metasequoia occidentalis in Wyoming fossil flora, among 170 kinds of plants; distinguishing generic features ofMetasequoia; photos of cones, foliage, seed. N.Y.P.L.Google Scholar
  142. Bugala, Wladyslaw, & Henryk Chylarecki. 1957/58. (Frost injuries to trees and shrubs in the Kornik Arboretum in the winter of 1955/1956.) Arboretum Kornickie, Rocznik III: 111–177. Reference to hardiness ofMetasequoia. (In Polish; English summary.) N.A.L. (For. Abs.21(1): 587. 1960.)Google Scholar
  143. Burgrichter, Ernst, & Wolfram Schoenwald. 1968. Forstliche Anbauversuche mit derMetasequoia glyptostroboides im Raum Westfalen. Forschungsber. Landes Nordrhein-Westfalen. 1968: 4–36. Sensitivity of young trees to various conditions; growth rate; cuttings. (Bio. Abs.49(22): 118600. 1968. For. Abs.30(2): 2117. 1969.)Google Scholar
  144. Bush, Vannevar. 1948. Report of the President of the Carnegie Institution of Washington. Carnegie Inst. Wash., Yearbook47: 3–15. 1947/48. One paragraph: Chaney’s visit to China confirms report of livingMetasequoia trees there; role of climate; many Tertiary fossils assigned toSequoia actually belong toMetasequoia. N.Y.B.G.Google Scholar
  145. Campbell, J. G. 1953.Metasequoia glyptostroboides. Gard. Chron. III.134: 193. Author regards Cowley’s suggestion (q.v.) to reduceMetasequoia “to the status of an ornamental pot plant” as “sacrilege most vile”. N.Y.B.G.Google Scholar
  146. — 1956. The fossil-age conifer. Gard. Chron. III.140(4): 86. Half page horticultural description; two photos. N.Y.B.G.Google Scholar
  147. Carpentier, A. 1950. Un fossile viviant, leMetasequoia. Bull. Soc. Bot. France,3: 10–13. Technical description ofSequoia andTaxodium; longer account of discovery ofMetasequoia and of its former distribution. U.C.(Bi).Google Scholar
  148. Carter, Cyril. 1960. Cones onMetasequoia. Gard. Chron. III.148(27): 645. Three short paragraphs. N.Y.B.G.Google Scholar
  149. Cater, Ruth C. 1950. Tree trails and hobbies. 324 pp. (p. 296–298) Popular account of discovery of livingMetasequoia trees in China, of the acquisition and distribution of seed by the Arnold Arboretum, and of Chaney’s journey to China. B.B.G.Google Scholar
  150. Cavcavadze, E. S. 1960. (Analysis of the diagnostic features of the wood of conifers. Pits on the cross-fields in some of the Taxodiaceae.) Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR133(5): 1235–1238. IncludesMetasequoia. (In Russian.) N.A.L. (For. Abs.22(2): 2336. 1961.)Google Scholar
  151. Ceballos y Fernandez de Cordoba, Luis. 1948.Metasequoia, fossil viviente; el más interesante descubrimiento botánica del siglio. Montes4(24): 551–554. General account: Discovery; photo and drawing of discovery tree; photo of seedling; China area map. N.A.L.Google Scholar
  152. Cernilevs’kij, K. V. 1966. (Introduction ofMetasequoia into Podolia.) Ukrajins’k. Bot. Zurn.23(5): 108–109. Growth rate; hardiness. (In Ukrainian.) N.A.L. (For. Abs.28(2): 2064. 1967.)Google Scholar
  153. Chandler, Marjorie Elizabeth Jane. 1964. The Lower Tertiary floras of southern England. Vol. IV. A summary and survey of findings in the light of recent botanical observations. 151 pp., 4 pls. Pollen; seed. Author seems to agree with Schwarz and Weide (q.v.) thatMetasequoia andSequoiadendron should be included underSequoia. (See also Becker 1969 for opposing view.) N.Y.B.G.Google Scholar
  154. Chaney, Ralph W. 1947. Tertiary centers and migration routes. Ecol. Monogr.17(2): 139–148. Brief allusion to the discovery of livingMetasequoia trees in China which resemble fossils from Alaska, Greenland and Spitzbergen. This appears to have been the first published notice of these trees in an American scientific publication. It appeared before formal publication of the new species,Metasequoia glyptostroboides, and was based on a communication from Hu. N.Y.B.G.Google Scholar
  155. —. 1948a. Paleobotany. Carnegie Inst. Wash., Yearbook47: 110–113. Apparently Chaney’s first article concerningMetasequoia in a scientific publication after his visit to China: Climatic changes in geologic ages; anomalous American fossils assigned toSequoia; roles of Miki, Cheng, Hu and Arnold Arboretum, in discovering, naming and seedcollecting. N.Y.B.G.Google Scholar
  156. -. 1948b. The ancient forests of Oregon. Oregon State System of Higher Education. 56 pp. (p. 26–32.) Naming of genus; distribution of livingMetasequoia trees in China; Chaney and Silverman’s journey; comparison of California and China as to climate; photos of fossil foliage and of discovery tree. N.Y.P.L.Google Scholar
  157. —. 1948c. The bearing of the livingMetasequoia on problems of Tertiary paleobotany. Proc. Natl. Acad. U.S.A.34(11): 503–515. A significant technical article: Discovery of living redwoods in California; naming of Coast Redwood; European and North American fossils assigned toSequoia; departure of some of these fossils and of others in Japan and Korea from typicalSequoia; founding of new genusMetasequoia and transferral of someSequoia fossils to it; discovery and naming ofM. glyptostroboides; re-examination ofSequoia fossils; detailed description ofMetasequoia and comparison withSequoia andTaxodium; Chaney and Silverman’s journey; area and arborescent associates ofMetasequoia in China. N.Y.B.G. (Bio. Abs.23(5): 16236. 1949.) (Science107: 460. 1948.)Google Scholar
  158. -. 1948d. Palaeobotany. Arcto-Tertiary Flora. Encyclopedia Britannica. See Chaney, 1967a.Google Scholar
  159. —. 1948e. Redwoods around the Pacific basin. Pacific Discovery1(5): 4–14. Excellent popular article with 15 good illustrations, including a map of worldwide distribution ofSequoia andMetasequoia: Discovery of living California Coast Redwood; discovery and assignment of fossils toSequoia; establishment of the new genusMetasequoia; discovery of living trees in China and additional exploration for them; Chaney’s trip to China; comparison ofMetasequoia andSequoia; arborescent associates in China; Arcto-Tertiary flora; prehistoric climatic changes and southward movement of flora. (Reprinted in part under McDuffie.) N.Y.B.G. (Fritz, 1957: 609: “Similar material in Redwood Region Logging Conference Bulletin”, Brizard-Matthews Machinery Co., Eureka, Calif. May 28–29. 1948.)Google Scholar
  160. —. 1948f. The redwood of China. Pl. & Gard.4(4): 231–235. Popular article on discovery of, and further exploration for, living trees in China: Discovery and first collection of California redwood, mis-namedTaxodium, corrected by Endlicher; first fossils assigned toTaxites; Miki’s criteria for describing new genusMetasequoia; escaped previous explorers David, Henry and Wilson; Chinese name; meaning of “meta” prefix; early correspondence between Chaney, Hu and Merrill; five photos. N.Y.B.G.Google Scholar
  161. — 1948g. Redwoods in China. Nat. Hist.57(10): 440–444. Excellent popular article: Manchurian fossils; discovery of living trees; follow-up expeditions; sponsorship by Arnold Arboretum; receipt of seed; Chaney and Silverman’s visit to China; former distribution ofMetasequoia; arborescent associates; prehistoric climate; Conservation committee; five photos, one drawing of discovery tree; map of area in China. N.Y.B.G.Google Scholar
  162. —. 1948h. Long-lost tree is found.Metasequoia, ancestor of redwoods, discovered in China. S. Lumberman176(2211): 58. Lengthy quote from Chaney 1948g. N.Y.P.L.Google Scholar
  163. -. 1948i. Redwoods of the past. Save-the-Redwoods League. 7 p. (Reissued 1950, 1951, 1954, 1967.) Discovery of living trees in China; distribution and size there; prehistoric climate changes; conservation effort; Chaney and Silverman’s journey; hardiness in Alaska and Pacific Northwest ofMetasequoia; photos of discovery tree, fossil foliage and eight-year old seedling; map of worldwide distribution ofMetasequoia andSequoia. N.Y.B.G.Google Scholar
  164. -. 1948j. 100,000,000 years. Univ. Calif., Pub. Inf.-Radio Serv. Broadcast June 13, 1948. Question and answer broadcast regarding discovery of, and other 258 details concerning,Metasequoia in China; detailed account of Chaney’s visit to the area; includes the statement: “I did manage to bring back four small dawn redwoods. These are growing on the Berkeley campus right now — along with seedlings planted all over the United States and Europe.” U.C.(Ba)Google Scholar
  165. —. 1949a. Dawn redwoods — The first year. Annual Calif. Spring Garden Show17: 55, 59. Includes the statement that Chaney returned from China with four seedlings in a wicker basket and 25,000 seeds in a cloth bag. [In all the material examined for this study, this is the only published reference attributed directly to Dr. Chaney to bringing these seeds back with him from China. However, similar claims appear repeatedly in newspaper articles and inMetasequoia summaries written by others, with no published attempt at correction from Chaney.] Also reports seedlings put in lathhouse on University of California campus in Berkeley, thriving outdoors next spring; seeds brought home supplemented by others from the 1948 crop sent by Cheng; about 2,400 seedlings produced; distributed and planted from Pasadena to central Oregon; paleobotanical and paleoclimatological history. N.A.L. -. 1949b. Discovery of livingMetasequoia. Ohio J. Sci.49(2): 71–72. Brief but informative article, not written by but based on a statement by Chaney: Time of extinction; distribution of fossils; discovery of living trees; Chaney and Silverman’s visit to China; Size and area of trees there. N.Y.B.G.Google Scholar
  166. — 1949c. Early Tertiary ecotones in western North America. Proc. Natl. Acad. U.S.A.35(7): 356–359. Brief ecological comment regarding Metasequoia. N.Y.B.G.Google Scholar
  167. —. 1949d. The Miocene occurrence ofSequoia and related conifers in the John Day Basin. Proc. Natl. Acad. U.S.A.35(3): 125–129. MentionsMetasequoia in the U.S. fossil flora. N.Y.B.G. (Bio. Abs.23(10): 29828. 1949. Science108: 681. 1948.)Google Scholar
  168. —. 1949e. Redwoods — Occidental and oriental. Science110: 551–552. Brief commentary on geologic history. N.Y.B.G. (For. Abs.12(1): 142. 1950.)Google Scholar
  169. —. 1949f. Paleobotany. Carnegie Inst. Wash., Yearbook48: 106–109. Climatic, distributional and topographic comparisons ofSequoia andTaxodium in the U.S.A.; morphological comparisons and taxonomy ofMetasequoia, Sequoia andTaxodium; fossil distribution of these genera in the western U.S.A.; growing seedlings in California, and distributing them to Alaska, British Columbia, Washington, Oregon, California, Mexico and Guatemala. N.Y.P.L.Google Scholar
  170. —. 1950. Paleobotany. Carnegie Inst. Wash., Yearbook49: 114–116. 1949/50. Comparison of fossil characters ofMetasequoia, Sequoia andTaxodium; success of seedlings in Alaska and British Columbia; ecology in China. N.Y.P.L.Google Scholar
  171. —. 1951a. A revision of fossilSequoia andTaxodium in western North America based on the recent discovery ofMetasequoia. Trans. Amer. Philos. Soc. II.40(3): 171–263. A detailed, scholarly contribution, with 93 photos of fossils, 40 of which, originally ascribed toSequoia orTaxodium, are assigned toMetasequoia; discovery of living trees in China; roles of Dr. Merrill and the Arnold Arboretum in further exploration and seed distribution; Chaney and Silverman’s journey to China; previous assignments of fossils toSequoia orTaxodium; distinguishing fossil characters ofMetasequoia, Sequoia andTaxodium; extensive, detailed description of fossils. N.Y.B.G. (Bio. Abs.27(11): 30438A. 1953.)Google Scholar
  172. —. 1951b. Paleobotany. Carnegie Inst. Wash., Yearbook50: 134–137. Reinterpretation of Oregon fossil flora as a result of Chaney’s revision ofSequoia, Taxodium andMetasequoia cited above; discussion of climatic changes; general discussion of Arctic-Tertiary flora; distribution ofMetasequoia seedlings under auspices of Save-the-Redwoods League. N.Y.P.L.Google Scholar
  173. —. 1951c. Prehistoric forests of the San Francisco Bay area.In: Geologic Guidebook of the San Francisco Bay Counties; History, Landscape, Geology, Fossils, Minerals, Industry and Routes of Travel. Calif. Dept. Nat. Res., Div. Mines. Bull.154: 193–202. (p. 196) Refers to first California record ofMetasequoia fossil. U.C.(P)Google Scholar
  174. —. 1952a. Paleobotany. Carnegie Inst. Wash., Yearbook51: 155–157. Two page discussion ofMetasequoia, similar to that in Yearbook50. N.Y.P.L.Google Scholar
  175. -. 1952b. Conifer dominants in the middle Tertiary of the John Day Basin, Oregon. Palaeobotanist1*#@ (Bir-bal Sahni Memorial Volume): 105–113. 8,433 specimens ofMetasequoia occidentalis found in the area. N.Y.B.G.Google Scholar
  176. —. 1953a. Paleobotany. Carnegie Inst. Wash., Yearbook52: 180–181.Metasequoia fossil in Oregon mentioned. N.Y.B.G.Google Scholar
  177. —. 1953b. To compare the Cenozoic floras of Japan with those of corresponding age in North America, with special emphasis on the occurrence ofMetasequoia and its associates. Amer. Philos. Soc., Yearbook1952: 143–145. In connection with the above-mentioned project, sponsored in part by the American Philosophical Society, Chaney visited museums in Denmark, England and Sweden in 1951 and found many specimens labelledSequoia andTaxodium to belong toMetasequoia; much evidence of past occurrence ofMetasequoia in Greenland, Spitzbergen and arctic Canada from descriptions and illustrations in Heer’s “Flora Fossilis Arctica” and earlier volumes;Metasequoia was more abundant thanSequoia in Japan; the only conifer of both Cretaceous and Tertiary age at high latitudes;M. cuneata andM. occidentalis mentioned. N.Y.P.L.Google Scholar
  178. —. 1954. Paleobotany. Carnegie Inst. Wash., Yearbook53: 183–185. Short mention ofMetasequoia discovery up to 3,000 feet elevation in China. N.Y.B.G.Google Scholar
  179. —. 1955. Paleobotany. Carnegie Inst. Wash., Yearbook54: 184–185. Mention ofMetasequoia fossils in Japan and Oregon. N.Y.P.L.Google Scholar
  180. —. 1956. Paleobotany. Carnegie Inst. Wash., Yearbook55: 265–266. Mentions fossil cones and foliage ofM. occidentalis in Oregon. N.Y.B.G.Google Scholar
  181. —. 1957. The discovery tree of China — The dawn redwood. Frontiers22(2): 57–60. Good popular account: Discoveries of fossils and of living trees by Miki, Wang, Cheng and Hu; contrasting characters ofMetasequoia andSequoia; Chaney’s journey to China; success of seedlings in Alaska and in the Pacific Northwest; climatic changes in prehistoric times; former sub-tropical forest in western U.S.A.; redwood fossils from this area formerly considered identical with living Coast Redwood of California; photo of fossil foliage in Oregon. N.Y.P.L.Google Scholar
  182. -. 1958. Dawn redwoods. Save-the-Redwoods League, Spring Bull.: 2. Decade of tree distribution by the League; extent of propagation from them; role of Arnold Arboretum; absence of male cones so far and of seed viability. N.Y.B.G.Google Scholar
  183. -. 1960. [Unpublished typescript, biographical account of Dr. Chaney resulting from an interview with Edna Tartaul Daniel.] Univ. Calif., Reg. Cult. Hist. Proj. 280 pp. Four short and rather uninformative indexed references toMetasequoia. U.C.(Ba)Google Scholar
  184. -. 1961. The Dawn Redwoods.In: Alice Sloane Anderson [Editor]: Our garden heritage — Articles from the Bulletins of the Garden Club of America. 622 pp. [p. 165–168] Contrary to the statement on the title page of this volume, the article in it under Dr. Chaney’s name as author is not truly a reprinting of oneby him in the January, 1949, Bulletin, but is an editorial combination of quotesfrom him in the January, 1949 Bulletin article, with extracts from others of his writings published elsewhere: wide distribution of fossils; their age; discovery of living trees in China; Chaney’s journey to China; description and size of trees there; climatic changes. N.Y.B.G.Google Scholar
  185. -. [Editor]. 1963. Tertiary floras of Japan — Miocene floras. 262 pp. Collab. Assoc. Comm. 80th Anniv. Geol. Survey Japan. (See Huzioka, Matsuo, Tanai and Suzuki.) N.Y.B.G.(B)Google Scholar
  186. -. 1967a. Dawn redwood (Metasequoia). Encyclopedia Britannica. 24 lines, single column: Fossil abundance; time of existence and abundance; discovery, location, abundance of living trees; arborescent associates; cultivation; growth rate; classification; morphological comparison with related genera. N.Y.P.L.Google Scholar
  187. - 1967b. Miocene forests of the Pacific basin: their ancestors and their descendants.In: Jub. Publ. Commem. Prof. Sasa’s 60th Birthday. Hakkaido Univ. [p. 209–239] Several comments regardingMetasequoia. N.Y.B.G.(B)Google Scholar
  188. —. 1969. Forestry inside the bamboo curtain. Ecology50: 161–162. Review of Richardson’s “Forestry in Communist China”. Refers to extensive forest planting ofMetasequoia in the more southerly provinces of China, outside its native area. N.Y.B.G.Google Scholar
  189. Chaney letters. 1946–1951. [Correspondence between R. W. Chaney, H. H. Hu (24 letters), Carol H. Woodward, H. B. Binney, G. H. Conant (of Triarch Botanical Products), Virginia E. May (of Science Illustrated), S. N. Wyckoff and N. T. Mirov (of the California Forest and Range Experiment Station), E. T. Scoyen (of Sequoia-Kings Canyon National Park), A. Powers (of the Oregon State System of Higher Education, and persons requesting seed ofMetasequoia. These letters are on deposit at the University of Oregon, Eugene, Oregon; photo copies are among E. D. Merrill’s papers and correspondence at the New York Botanical Garden.]Google Scholar
  190. Chaney letter, 1971. [Letter to the present writer from Dr. Chaney, dated February 22, about two weeks before he died.]Google Scholar
  191. Chaney, Ralph W., and Daniel I. Axelrod. 1959. Miocene floras of the Columbia Plateau. Carnegie Inst. Wash., Publ. 617. 229 pp. Several references toMetasequoia; photo ofM. occidentalis fossil. N.Y.B.G.Google Scholar
  192. Chaney, Ralph W., and Yasuo Sasa. 1961. A comparison of Tertiary floral development in Japan and western North America. Ninth Pac. Sci. Cong., 1957. Proc.12: 273–275.Metasequoia included in list of Tertiary genera common to both areas. U.C.(P)Google Scholar
  193. Chaudun, V. 1956. Ornamental conifers. 144 pp. Brief account ofMetasequoia. Translated from French by Vera Higgins. B.M.(N.H.)Google Scholar
  194. -. 1959. Coniferes d’ornement. 166 pp. Brief description ofMetasequoia. Arn. Arb.Google Scholar
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© The New York Botanical Garden 1976

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  • Edmund H. Fulling

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