, Volume 6, Issue 11, pp 49–62 | Cite as

Cars beyond Otto's internal combustion engines

  • A K Shukla


Road transportation as an important requirement of modern society is presently faced with restrictions in mainly two respects, namely the ever tightening emission legislation as well as the availability of petroleum fuels, and as a consequence the fuel cost. But in any review of power sources for future road transport vehicles, the performance of the existing internal combustion engine is likely to be the yardstick against which other power sources will be compared. The power sources most likely to provide favourable comparison are those, which can display comparable range and speed, long and reliable life and manufactured at a cost comparable to petrol engine. A vehicle which fails in any of these requirements is unlikely to achieve anything but a niche market share. This article is an appraisal of a variety of proposed electrochemical systems, viz. rechargeable batteries, fuel cells and supercapacitors, for an electric car. It is surmised that a viable electric car could be powered with a fuel cell to provide power for cruising and climbing coupled in parallel with a supercapacitor/battery bank to deliver additional short-term burst-power during acceleration.


Fuel Cell Aerodynamic Drag Fuel Cell System Tire Friction Otto Cycle 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Suggested Reading

  1. [1]
    J Leggett, A guide to the Kyoto Protocol: a treaty with potentially vital strategic implications for the renewable industry,Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Vol. 4, p.345, 1998.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. [2]
    Electric Vehicles: Technology,Performance and Potential, OECD/IEA Publications, 1993.Google Scholar
  3. [3]
    Staff Report: Zero-Emission Vehicle Biennial Program Review, California Air Resources Board, July 6, 1998.Google Scholar
  4. [4]
    J Larmine and Dicks,Fuel Cell Systems Explained, Wiley, New York, 2000.Google Scholar
  5. [5]
    F E Wicks and D Marchionne, Development of a model to predict electric vehicle performance over a variety of driving conditions,Proceedings of the 27 th Intersociety Energy Conversion Conference, Vol. 3, pp.151–158, 1992.Google Scholar
  6. [6]
    S G Chalk, J F Miller and F W Wagner, Challenges for Fuel Cells in Transport Applications,J. Power Sources, Vol. 86, p. 40, 2000.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Indian Academy of Sciences 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • A K Shukla
    • 1
  1. 1.Solid State and Structural Chemistry UnitIndian Institute of ScienceBangaloreIndia

Personalised recommendations