Economic Botany

, Volume 49, Issue 1, pp 78–95 | Cite as

Variability in Andeannuña common beans (Phaseolus vulgaris, Fabaceae)

  • Joseph Tohme
  • Orlando Ch. Toro
  • Jaime Vargas
  • Daniel G. Debouck


Nuñas are a group of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris, Fabaceae) varieties, whose grains are consumed after toasting in their original Andean habitats. Nowadays, these varieties are restricted to certain parts of the highlands of Peru and Bolivia. Linguistic, ethnobotanical, and archaeological data suggest that they were grown in that zone duringpre-Hispanic times. SDS-PAGE electrophoresis shows a wide range ofphaseolin types amongnuñas, many of which are present in sympatric wild forms. This paper discusses the possibility thatnuñas resulted from an early and widely applied selection pressure during bean domestication in the Andes.

Key words

germplasm phaseolin electrophoresis plant domestication Andes Mesoamerica 

La variabilidad en nuñas en los Andes (frijol común, Phaseolus vulgaris, Fabaceae)


Las nuñas o ‘frijoles reventones’ son un grupo de variedades de frijol común de las cuales los granos se consumen tostados en su hábitat original en los Andes. Este hábitat se restringe en la actualidad a algunas paries altas del Perú y de Bolivia. Los datos linguísticos, etnobotánicos y arqueológicos dejan suponer una presencia pre-Hispánica en la zona. Los análisis electroforéticos en SDSPAGE muestran una amplia gama de tipos de faseolina, varios de estos presentes enformas silvestres simpátricas. Se discute la posibilidad que las nuñas corresponden a una presión selectiva aplicada en forma temprana y amplia en el proceso de domesticatión del frijol en los Andes.


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Copyright information

© The New York Botanical Garden 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joseph Tohme
    • 1
  • Orlando Ch. Toro
    • 2
  • Jaime Vargas
    • 3
    • 4
  • Daniel G. Debouck
    • 5
    • 2
  1. 1.Biotechnology Research UnitCentro International de Agricultura Tropical (CIAT)CaliColombia
  2. 2.Genetic ResourcesUnit of CIAT.Colombia
  3. 3.Genetic Resources UnitCIATColombia
  4. 4.Biotechnology Research UnitCIATColombia
  5. 5.Americas Group, c/o CIATInternational Plant Genetic Resources InstituteColombia

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