Cell size in Russet Burbank potato tubers with various levels of nitrogen and soil moisture tensions
Russet Burbank potatoes were grown at levels of added nitrogen of 0, 135, and 270 kg/ha and soil moisture tensions (SMT) of 0.5 and 1.0 atm. With all combinations, there was a consistent gradient of larger to smaller starch-storage parenchyma cells from stem end to bud end of mature tubers.
Stem and bud ends of tubers grown at a SMT of 0.5 atm with N had smaller cortical and pith (innermost medullary or water-core) cells than did ends of tubers grown without N. Perimedullary tissues of bud ends of tubers receiving N likewise contained smaller cells than did corresponding tissues of tubers grown without N. No pronounced differences in cell size were found in tissues from the midsections.
In bud-end tissue of tubers grown at a SMT of 1.0 atm, there were no consistent differences in cell size with respect to N levels. However, pith, perimedullary, and cortical tissues of the midsections and stem ends of tubers receiving N had smaller cells than did corresponding tissues from tubers without N. The different patterns of cell size in tubers grown at different SMT indicate that the effects of N may be influenced by soil moisure.
KeywordsCell Size Potato Tuber AMERICAN Potato Journal Starch Granule Cortical Tissue
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