Quantitative precipitation forecasting over Narmada Catchment

  • K Krishna Kumar
  • M K Soman


Quantitative precipitation forecasting (QPF) has been attempted over the Narmada Catchment following a statistical approach. The catchment has been divided into five sub-regions for the development of QPF models with a maximum lead-time of 24 hours. For this purpose the data of daily rainfall from 56 raingauge stations, twice daily observations on different surface meteorological parameters from 28 meteorological observatories and upper air data from 11 aerological stations for the nine monsoon seasons of 1972–1980 have been utilized. The horizontal divergence, relative vorticity, vertical velocity and moisture divergence are computed using the kinematic method at different pressure levels and used as independent variables along with the rainfall and surface meteorological parameters. Multiple linear regression equations have been developed using the stepwise procedure separately with actual and square root and log-transformed rainfall using 8-year data (1972–1979). When these equations were verified with an independent data for the monsoon season of 1980, it was found that the transformed rainfall equations fared much better compared to the actual rainfall equations. The performance of the forecasts of QPF model compared to the climatological and persistence forecasts has been assessed by computing the verification scores using the forecasts for the monsoon season of 1980.


Quantitative precipitation forecasting (QPF) statistical forecasting dynamical parameters skill scores Narmada Catchment 


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Copyright information

© Indian Academy of Sciences 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • K Krishna Kumar
    • 1
  • M K Soman
    • 1
  1. 1.Climatology and Hydrometeorology DivisionIndian Institute of Tropical MeteorologyPashanIndia

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