The Botanical Review

, Volume 41, Issue 4, pp 453–483 | Cite as

The succession of Australian pre-tertiary megafossil floras

  • R. E. Gould


Botanical Review Coal Measure Fossil Flora Devonian System Great Artesian Basin 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literature Cited

  1. Anderson, H. M. & Anderson, J. M. 1970. A preliminary review of the biostratigraphy of the uppermost Permian, Triassic and lowermost Jurassic of Gondwanaland. Palaeontologia Afr. 13 supplement: 1–22.Google Scholar
  2. Arber, E. A. N. 1901. Notes on Royle’s types of fossil plants from India. Geol. Mag.8: 546–549.Google Scholar
  3. Arber, E. A. N. 1917. The earlier Mesozoic floras of New Zealand. Palaeont. Bull., Wellington, 6.Google Scholar
  4. Archangelsky, S. 1968. Studies on Triassic fossil plants from Argentina. 4. The leaf genusDicroidium and its possible relation toRhexoxylon stems. Palaeontology11: 500–512.Google Scholar
  5. Archangelsky, S. & Arrondo, O. G. 1971. Palaeophytologia Kurtziana 3. 2. Estudio sobre el generoBotrychiopsis Kurtz (=Gondwanidium Gothan) del Carbonico y Permico Gondwanico. Ameghiniana8: 189–227.Google Scholar
  6. Balme, B. E. 1964. The palynological record of Australian Pre-Tertiary Cranwell, L. M. (Ed.) “Ancient Pacific Floras” pp. 48–80. Honolulu.Google Scholar
  7. Balme, B. E. 1970. Palynology of Permian and Triassic strata in the Salt Range and Surghar Range, West Pakistan. pp. 305–453in Kummel, B. & Teichert, C. (Eds.) “Stratigraphic boundary problems; Permian and Triassic of West Pakistan.” Lawrence.Google Scholar
  8. Balme, B. E. 1973. Correspondence: Age of a mixedCardiopteris-Glossopterris flora. J. Geol. Soc. Aust.20: 103–104.Google Scholar
  9. Balme, B. E. & Helby, R. J. 1973. Floral modifications at the Permian-Triassic boundary in Australia. Mem. Canad. Soc. Petrol. Geol.2: 433–444.Google Scholar
  10. Banks, H. P. 1960. Notes on Devonian lycopods. Senckenberg. leth.41: 59–88.Google Scholar
  11. Banks, M. R. & Clarke, M. J. 1973. Tasmania: Parmeener Supergroup. pp. 23–47. Guide Book, Field Trip No. 1. Upper Carboniferous to Triassic rocks in south-eastern Australia. Third International Gondwana Symposium, Canberra.Google Scholar
  12. Bell, S. 1956. Lower mesozoic plant fossils from Black Jacks, Waitaki River, South Canterbury. Part 2. Paleobotany. Trans. R. Soc. N. Z.83: 666–672.Google Scholar
  13. Black, L. P., Morgan, W. R. & White, M. E. 1972. Age of a mixedCardiopteris-Glossopteris flora from Rb-Sr measurements on the Nychum Volcanics, North Queensland. J. Geol. Soc. Aust.19: 189–196.Google Scholar
  14. Bose, M. N. 1955. Some Tertiary plant remains from Queensland, Australia. Bot. Not.108: 381–390.Google Scholar
  15. Brongniart, A. 1822. Sur la classification et la distribution des végétaux fossils en général et sur ceux des terrains de sédiment supérieur en particulier. Mem. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris8: 203–348.Google Scholar
  16. Brongniart, A. 1828a. “Prodrome d’une Histoire des Végétaux fossiles.” Paris.Google Scholar
  17. Brongniart, A. 1828b. “Histoire des végétaux fossiles ou recherches botaniques et géologiques sur les végétaux dans les diverses conches du globe. 1.” Paris.Google Scholar
  18. Brown, D. A., Campbell, K. S. W. & Crook, K. A. W. 1968. “The geological evolution of Australia and New Zealand.” Oxford.Google Scholar
  19. Brown, R. W. 1958. New occurrences of the fossil quillwarts calledIsoetites. J. Wash. Acad. Sci.48: 358–361.Google Scholar
  20. Bryan, W. H. & Jones, O. A. 1944. A revised glossary of Queensland stratigraphy. Pap. Dep. Geol. Univ. Qd (N.S.), 2(11).Google Scholar
  21. Burges, N. A. 1935. Additions to our knowledge of the flora of the Narrabeen Stage of the Hawkesbury Series in New South Wales. Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S.W.60: 257–264.Google Scholar
  22. Carpentier, A. 1935. Etudes paléobotaniques sur le Groupe de la Sakamena (Madagascar). Annls. Géol. Serv. Mines Madagascar5: 5–32.Google Scholar
  23. Churchill, D. M. 1969. The fossil occurrence ofLygodium in Australia. Neues Jb. Miner. Geol. Paläont. Mh. 1969 (5): 257–265.Google Scholar
  24. Churchill, D. M. 1973. The ecological significance of tropical mangroves in the early Tertiary floras of southern Australia. Spec. Publs. Geol. Soc. Aust.4: 79–86.Google Scholar
  25. Conolly, J. R., Hall, L. R. & Rose, G. 1969. Devonian system. 2. Upper Devonian Series. J. Geol. Soc. Aust.16: 150–178.Google Scholar
  26. Cookson, I. C. 1935. On plant remains from the Silurian of Victoria, Australia, that extend and connect floras hither to described. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. (Ser. B)225: 127–148.Google Scholar
  27. Cookson, I. C. 1949. Yeringian (Lower Devonian) plant remains from Lilydale, Victoria, with notes on a collection from a new locality in the Siluro-Devonian sequence. Mem. Nat. Mus. Vict.16: 117–131.Google Scholar
  28. Crook, K. A. W. 1958. Note on the occurrence of a carboniferous plant near Armidale, N.S.W. Aust. J. Sci.20: 216–217.Google Scholar
  29. Crook, K. A. W. 1961. Stratigraphy of the Parry Group (Upper Devonian-Lower Carboniferous), Tamworth-Nundle district, N.S.W. J. Proc. R. Soc. N.S.W.94: 189–207.Google Scholar
  30. Dana, J. D. 1849. United States exploring expedition during 1838–1842 under the command of Charles Wilkes, U.S.N.10: geology.Google Scholar
  31. Dawson, J. W. 1862. On the flora of the Devonian period in northeastern America. Quart. J. Geol. Soc. Lond.18: 296–330.Google Scholar
  32. Day, R. W. 1964. Stratigraphy of the Roma-Wallumbilla area. Publs. Geol. Surv. Qd. 318.Google Scholar
  33. Day, R. W. 1969. The Lower Cretaceous of the Great Artesian Basin. pp. 140– Campbell, K.S.W. (Ed.) “Stratigraphy and Palaeontology (Essays in Honour of Dorothy Hill).” Canberra.Google Scholar
  34. de Jersey, N. J. 1968. Palaeobotany and palynology in Australia: a historical review. Rev. Palaeobot. Palynol.6: 111–136.Google Scholar
  35. de Jersey, N. J. 1971. Triassic miospores from the Tivoli Formation and Kholo. Sub-Group. Publs. Geol. Surv. Qd. 353.Google Scholar
  36. de Jersey, N. J. 1972. Triassic miospores from the Esk Beds. Publs. Geol. Surv. Qd. 357.Google Scholar
  37. de Jersey, N. J. 1973. Rimulate pollen grains from the Lower Mesozoic of Queensland. Spec. Publs. Geol. Soc. Aust.4: 127–140.Google Scholar
  38. de Keyser, F. & Lucas, K. G. 1968. Geology of the Hodgkinson and Laura Basins, North Queensland. Bull. Bur. Miner. Resour. Geol. Geophys. Aust. 84.Google Scholar
  39. Dettmann, M. E. 1963. Upper Mesozoic microfloras from south-eastern Australia. Proc. R. Soc. Vict.77: 1–148.Google Scholar
  40. Dettmann, M. E. 1973. Angiospermous pollen from Albian to Turonian sediments of eastern Australia. Spec. Publs. Geol. Soc. Aust.4: 3–34.Google Scholar
  41. Douglas, J. G. 1960. Upper Devonian plant fossils from Victoria. Min. Geol. J. Vict.6(3): 14–16.Google Scholar
  42. Douglas, J. G. 1963. New bennettitalean leaves from the Mesozoic of eastern Australia. Proc. R. Soc. Vict.77: 197–206.Google Scholar
  43. Douglas, J. G. 1965. The Mesozoic leafGinkgoites australis (McCoy) Florin, and a new species,Ginkgoites waarrensis n. sp. Min. Geol. J. Vict.6(5): 20–26.Google Scholar
  44. Douglas, J. G. 1969. The Mesozoic floras of Victoria. Parts 1 and 2. Mem. Geol. Surv. Vict. 28.Google Scholar
  45. Dulhunty, J. A. 1973. Mesozoic stratigraphy in central western New South Wales. J. Geol. Soc. Aust.20: 319–328.Google Scholar
  46. Dun, W. S. 1897. On the occurrence of Devonian plant-bearing beds on the Genoa River, County Auckland. Rec. Geol. Surv. N.S.W.5: 117–121.Google Scholar
  47. Embleton, B. J. J. 1973. The palaeolatitude of Australia through Phanerozoic time. J. Geol. Soc. Aust.19: 475–482.Google Scholar
  48. Etheridge, R. Jr. 1888. Additions to the fossil flora of eastern Australia. Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S.W.13: 1300–1309.Google Scholar
  49. Evans, P. R. 1969. Upper Carboniferous and Permian palynological stages and their distribution in eastern Australia. pp. 41–54in “Gondwana Stratigraphy”. I.U.G.S. Symposium, Buenos Aires. UNESCO, Paris.Google Scholar
  50. Feistmantel, O. 1876a. On some fossil plants from the Damuda Series in the Raniganj Coalfield, collected by Mr. J. Wood-Mason. J. Asiat. Soc. Beng.45(2): 329–382.Google Scholar
  51. Feistmantel, O. 1876b. Notes on the age of some fossil floras in India. Rec. Geol. Surv. India.9(3): 63–79.Google Scholar
  52. Feistmantel, O. 1879. The fossil flora of the Gondwana System. The flora of the Talchir-Karharbari Beds. Mem. Geol. Surv. India, Palaeont. indica, Ser12, 3(1).Google Scholar
  53. Feistmantel, O. 1881. The fossil flora of the Gondwana System. The flora of the Damuda and Panchet Divisions. Mem. Geol. Surv. India, Palaeont. indica. Ser12, 3(2, 3).Google Scholar
  54. Feistmantel, O. 1890. Geological and palaeontological relations of the coal and plant bearing beds of Mesozoic age in eastern Australia and Tasmania. Mem. Geol. Surv. N.S.W., Palaeontology, 3.Google Scholar
  55. Fleming, P. J. G. 1966. Eotriassic marine bivalves from the Maryborough Basin, south-east Queensland. Publs. Geol. Surv. Qd.333: 17–29.Google Scholar
  56. Fletcher, H. O. 1962. Plants of the past. Aust. Nat. Hist.14: 80–87.Google Scholar
  57. Flint, J. C. E. & Gould, R. E. 1975. A note on the fossil megafloras of the Nymboida and Red Cliff Coal Measures, southern Clarence-Moreton Basin, N.S.W. J. Proc. R. Soc. N.S.W.108: 70–74.Google Scholar
  58. Florin, R. 1944. Die Koniferen des Oberkarbons und des unteren Perms. 6–7. Palaeontographica,85B: 365–654.Google Scholar
  59. Florin, R. 1952. On two conifers from the Jurassic of south-eastern Australia. Palaeobotanist1: 177–182.Google Scholar
  60. Frenguelli, J. 1943. Resena critica de los géneros atribudos a la “Serie deThinnfeldia.” Revta. Mus. La Plata, (N.S.) 2, Paleont.12: 225–342.Google Scholar
  61. Gill, E. D. 1965. A unique specimen ofBaragwanathia longifolia Lang and Cookson. pp. 348– Dr. D. N. Wadra Commemorative Volume. Mining and Metallurgical Institute of India.Google Scholar
  62. Glaessner, M. F. & Rao, V. R. 1955. Lower Cretaceous plant remains from the vicinity of Mount Babbage, South Australia. Trans. R. Soc. South. Aust.78: 134–140.Google Scholar
  63. Gothan, W. 1912. Uber die GattungThinnfeldia Ethingshausen. Abh. Naturhist. Ges. Nurnberg.19(3): 67–80.Google Scholar
  64. Gould, R. E. 1968. Morphology ofEquisetum laterale Phillips, 1829, andE. bryanii sp. nov. from the Mesozoic of southeastern Queensland. Aust. J. Bot.16: 153–176.Google Scholar
  65. Gould, R. E. 1970.Palaeosmunda, a new genus of siphonostelic osmundaceous trunks from the Upper Permian of Queensland. Palaeontology,13: 10–28.Google Scholar
  66. Gould, R. E. 1971. Report on plant fossils from Durikai, southeastern Queensland Rec. Bur. Miner. Resour. Geol. Geophys. Aust. 1969/80: 60–63. (B. M. R. Rept. 140: (63–64).Google Scholar
  67. Gould, R. E. 1972a.Cibotium tasmanense sp. nov., a fossil tree-fern from the Tertiary of Tasmania. Aust. J. Bot.20: 119–126.Google Scholar
  68. Gould, R. E. 1972b. Some palaeobotanical evidence on the Upper Permian climate of the Bowen Basin, Queensland. Aust. N. Z. Assoc. Adv. Sci. 44th Congr., Sydney. Abstr. Sec. 3, Geol.: 32.Google Scholar
  69. Gould, R. E. 1973. A new species ofOsmundacaulis from the Jurassic of Queensland. Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S.W.,98: 86–94.Google Scholar
  70. Gould, R. E. 1974. The fossil flora of the Walloon Coal Measures: a survey. Proc. R. Soc. Qd.85: 33–41.Google Scholar
  71. Gould, R. E. 1975. A preliminary report on petrified axes ofVertebraria from the Permian of eastern Australia. pp. 109–115in “Gondwana Geology”. (Third International Gondwana Symposium, Canberra.)Google Scholar
  72. Grierson, J. D. & Banks, H. P. 1963. Lycopods of the Devonian of New York State. Paleontographica Amer.4: 217–295.Google Scholar
  73. Gulline, A. B. 1967. The first proved Carboniferous deposits in Tasmania. Aust. J. Sci.29: 332–333.Google Scholar
  74. Hall, L. R. 1959. Explanatory notes on the New South Wales portion of the Mallacoota 4-mile geological sheet. Explan. Notes. Dep. Mines N.S.W.Google Scholar
  75. Halle, T. G. 1913. The Mesozoic flora of Graham Land. Schwed Sud-Pol Exped. 1901–1903 wiss ergeb3(14): 1–123.Google Scholar
  76. Helby, R. J. 1969. The Carboniferous-Permian boundary in eastern Australia: an interpretation on the basis of palynological information. Spec. Publs. Geol. Soc. Aust.2: 69–72.Google Scholar
  77. Helby, R. J. 1973. Review of Late Permian and Triassic palynology of New South Wales. Spec. Publs. Geol. Soc. Aust.4: 141–155.Google Scholar
  78. Helby, R. J. & Martin, A.R.H. 1965.Cylostrobus gen. nov., cones of lycopsidean plants from the Narrabeen Group (Triassic) of New South Wales. Aust. J. Bot.13: 389–404.Google Scholar
  79. Hill, B. D. 1973. Selected aspects of the Upper Devonian-Carboniferous sedimentation west of Barraba, N.S.W. Unpub. B.Sc. Hons Thesis, Univ. New England, Armidale.Google Scholar
  80. Hill, D., Playford, G. & Woods, J. T. (eds.) 1966. “Jurassic fossils of Queensland”. Brisbane.Google Scholar
  81. Hill, D., Playford, G. & Woods, J. T. (eds.) 1968. “Cretaceous fossils of Queensland.” Brisbane.Google Scholar
  82. Hocking, R. M. 1973. The Carboniferous terrestial Back Creek-Pound Creek sequence, southwest of Caroda, New South Wales. Unpub. Hons Thesis, Univ. New England, Armidale.Google Scholar
  83. Hoeg, O. A. 1967. Psilophyta. Conclusions générales. pp. 324–343in Boureau, E. “Traité de Paléobotanique. 2.” Paris.Google Scholar
  84. Holmes, W. B. K. 1974. On some fructifications of the glossopteridales from the Upper Permian of N.S.W. Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S.W.98: 131–141.Google Scholar
  85. Hueber, F. M. 1971.Australocaulis: a new name forSchizopodium Harris, Taxon20: 640–641.Google Scholar
  86. Hughes, N. F. (Ed.) 1973. Organisms and continents through time. Spec. Pap. Palaeontology, 12.Google Scholar
  87. Isbell, R. F. 1955. The geology of the northern section of the Bowen Basin. Pap. Dep. Geol. Univ. Qd (N.S.) 4(11).Google Scholar
  88. Jacob, K. & Jacob, C. 1950. Preliminary account of the structure of the cuticles ofDicroidium (Thinnfeldia) from the Mesozoic of Australia. Proc. Nat. Inst. Sci. India16: 101–126.Google Scholar
  89. Jaeger, H. 1967. Preliminary stratigraphical results from graptolite studies in the Upper Silurian and Lower Devonian of Southeastern Australia. J. Geol. Soc. Aust.14: 281–286.Google Scholar
  90. Jones, O. A. & de Jersey, N. J. 1947a. The flora of the Ipswich Coal Measures. Morphology and floral succession. Pap. Dep. Geol. Univ. Qd (N.S.) 3(3).Google Scholar
  91. Jones, O. A. & de Jersey, N. J. 1947b. Fertile Equisetales and other plants from the Brighton Beds. Pap. Dep. Geol. Univ. Qd (N.S.) 3(4).Google Scholar
  92. Jones, P. J., Campbell, K. S. W. & Roberts, J. 1974. Correlation chart from the Carboniferous System of Australia. Bull. Bur. Miner. Resour. Geol. Geophys. Aust. 156A.Google Scholar
  93. Just, T. 1952. Fossil floras of the southern hemisphere and their phytogeographical significance. Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist.99: 189–203.Google Scholar
  94. Kräusel, R. & Weyland, H. 1949.Gilboaphyton und die Protolepidophytales. Senckenbergiana30: 129–152.Google Scholar
  95. Kurtz, F. 1921. Atlas de plantas fosiles de la Republic Argentina. Actas Acad. Nac. Cienc. Cordoba8: 129–153.Google Scholar
  96. Lang, W. H. & Cookson, I. C. 1930. Some fossil plants of early Devonian type from the Walhalla Series, Victoria, Australia. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. (Ser. B)219: 133–163.Google Scholar
  97. Lang, W. H. & Cookson, I. C. 1935. On a flora, including vascular land plants, associated withMonograptus, in rocks of Silurian age, from Victoria, Australia. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. (Ser. B)224: 421–449.Google Scholar
  98. McClelland, J. 1850. Report of Geological Survey of India for the season 1848–49. Calcutta.Google Scholar
  99. McCoy, F. 1860. A commentary on “a communication... newTaeniopteris”. Trans. R. Soc. Vict.5: 96–107.Google Scholar
  100. McCoy, F. 1875. “Prodromus of the palaeontology of Victoria. 2.” Melbourne.Google Scholar
  101. McCoy, F. 1876. “Prodromus of the palaeontology of Victoria. 4.” Melbourne.Google Scholar
  102. McKelvey, B. C. 1969. Carboniferous System. Rocky Creek Syncline. J. Geol. Soc. Aust.16: 246–247.Google Scholar
  103. McKelvey, B. C. 1974. Devonian and Carboniferous sedimentation on the Tamworth Shelf. Geol. Soc. Aust., Qd Div., Field Conference Guide Book, New England: 20–22.Google Scholar
  104. McKelvey, B. C. & White, A. H. 1964. Horton Sheet (with marginal text). Geological Map of New England1: 100,000. Univ. New England, Armidale.Google Scholar
  105. McTavish, R. A. & Dickins, J. M. 1974. The age of the Kockatea Shale (Lower Triassic), Perth Basin—a reassessment. J. Geol. Soc. Aust.21: 195–201.Google Scholar
  106. McWhae, J. R. H. et al. 1958. The stratigraphy of Western Australia. J. Geol. Soc. Aust. 4(2).Google Scholar
  107. Maheshwari, H. K. 1972. Permian wood from Antarctica and revision of some Lower Gondwana wood taxa. Palaeontographica,138B: 1–43.Google Scholar
  108. Maxwell, W. G. H. 1964. The geology of the Yarrol region. Part 1. Biostratigraphy. Pap. Dep. Geol. Univ. Qd (N.S.) 5(9).Google Scholar
  109. Medwell, L. M. 1954a. A review and revision of the flora of the Victorian Lower Jurassic. Proc. R. Soc. Vict.65: 63–111.Google Scholar
  110. Medwell, L. M. 1954b. Fossil plants from Killara near Casterton, Victoria. Proc. R. Soc. Vict.66: 17–24.Google Scholar
  111. Miller, C. N. Jr. 1967. Evolution of the fern genusOsmunda. Contr. Mus. Paleont. Univ. Mich.21: 139–203.Google Scholar
  112. Morris, J. 1849. Fossil flora. pp. 245–254,in Strzelecki, P. E. de. “Physical descriptions of New South Wales and Van Diemen’s Land.” London.Google Scholar
  113. Oishi, S. 1931. OnFraxinopsis Wieland andYabeiella Oishi; gen. nov. Jap. J. Geol. Geogr.8: 259–267.Google Scholar
  114. Oldham, T. & Morris, J. 1862. Fossil flora of the Gondwana System. Fossil flora in the Rajmahal Series in the Rajmahal Hills. Mem. Geol. Surv. India,Palaeont. indica (2), 1(1).Google Scholar
  115. Packham, G. H. et al. 1969. Devonian system. 1. Lower and Middle Devonian Series. J. Geol. Soc. Aust.16: 129–150.Google Scholar
  116. Pedder, A. E. H. 1967. The Devonian System of New England, New South Wales, Australia. pp. 135–142in Oswald, D. H. (Ed.) “International Symposium on the Devonian System, 2.” Alberta Soc. Petrol. Geol., Calgary.Google Scholar
  117. Phillip, G. M. 1974. Biostratigraphic procedures and correlations in the Tasman Geosynclinal zone. pp. 295–312in Denmead, A. K., Tweedale, G. W. & Wilson, A. F. (Eds.) “The Tasman Geosyncline—a symposium.” Geol. Soc. Aust. Qd Div., Brisbane.Google Scholar
  118. Philip, G. M. & Jackson, J. H. 1970. Late Devonian conodonts from the Luton Formation, northern New South Wales. Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S.W.96: 66–76.Google Scholar
  119. Philip, G. M. & Pedder, A. E. H. 1967. Stratigraphical correlations of the principal Devonian limestone sequences of eastern Australia. pp. 1025–1041in Oswald, D. H. (Ed.) “International Symposium on the Devonian System. 2”. Alberta Soc. Petrol. Geol., Calgary.Google Scholar
  120. Phillips, J. 1829. “Illustrations of the geology of Yorkshire.” York.Google Scholar
  121. Pickett, J. W. 1960. A Clymeniid from theWocklumeria zone of New South Wales. Palaeontology3: 237–241.Google Scholar
  122. Pickett, J. 1972. Late Devonian (Frasnian) conodonts from Ettrema, New South Wales. J. Proc. R. Soc. N.S.W.105: 31–37.Google Scholar
  123. Playford, G. & Dettmann, M. E. 1965. Rhaeto-Liassic plant microfossils from the Leigh Creek Coal Measures, South Australia. Senckenberg. leth.46: 127–81.Google Scholar
  124. Plumstead, E. P. 1958. The habit of growth of Glossopteridae. Trans. Geol. Soc. S. Afr.61: 81–96.Google Scholar
  125. Plumstead, E. P. 1969. Three thousand million years of plant life in Africa. Alex L. du Toit Memorial Lecture No. 11. Trans. Geol. Soc. S. Afrc. 72, annex, 1–72.Google Scholar
  126. Potonié, H. & Bernard, C. 1904. Flore dévonienne de l’étage H de Barrande Suite de l’ouvrage in Barrande, J. Système silurien du centre de la Bohême: 1–68. Leipzig and Prague.Google Scholar
  127. Presl, C. B. 1838. p. 165 in Sternberg, G. K. “Versuch einer geognostischen botanischen Darstellung der Flora der Vorwelt. 2(7, 8).” Leipzig and Prague.Google Scholar
  128. Rigby, J. F. 1963. On a collection of plants of Permian age from Baralaba, Queensland. Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S.W.87: 341–351.Google Scholar
  129. Rigby, J. F. 1966. The Lower Gondwana floras of the Perth and Collie Basins, Western Australia. Palaeontographica118B: 113–152.Google Scholar
  130. Rigby, J. F. 1969. A reevaluation of the pre-Gondwana flora. An Acad. brasil Ciênc.41: 393–413.Google Scholar
  131. Rigby, J. F. 1971a. Some palaeobotanical observations concerning the Bowen Basin. Rept. Geol. Surv. Qd62: 21–29.Google Scholar
  132. Rigby, J. F. 1971b. A revision of some plants from the Permian of the Bowen Basin, Queensland. Publs. Geol. Surv. Qd. 349.Google Scholar
  133. Rigby, J. F. 1972a. OnArberia White, and some related Lower Gondwana female fructifications. Palaeontology15: 108–120.Google Scholar
  134. Rigby, J. F. 1972b. The flora of the Kaloola Member of the Baralaba Coal Measures, Central Queensland. Publs. Geol. Surv. Qd352: 1–15.Google Scholar
  135. Rigby, J. F. 1973.Gondwanidium and other similar Upper Palaeozoic genera, and their stratigraphic significance. Publs. Geol. Surv. Qd 350.Google Scholar
  136. Roberts, J. et al. 1972. Correlation of the Upper Devonian Rocks of Australia. J. Geol. Soc. Aust.18: 467–490.Google Scholar
  137. Royle, J. F. 1833–39. “Illustrations of the botany and other branches of the natural history of the Himalayan Mountains, and of the flora of Cashmere.” London.Google Scholar
  138. Runnegar, B. 1969a. The Permian faunal succession in eastern Australia. Spec. Publs. Geol. Soc. Aust.2: 73–98.Google Scholar
  139. Runnegar, B. 1969b. A Lower Triassic ammonoid fauna from southeast Queensland. J. Paleont.43: 818–828.Google Scholar
  140. Runnegar, B. & Ferguson, J. A. 1969. Stratigraphy of the Permian and Lower Triassic marine sediments of the Gympie district, Queensland. Pap. Dep. Geol. Univ. Qd (N.S.) 6(9).Google Scholar
  141. Sahni, B. 1928. OnClepsydropsis australis, a zygopterid tree-fern with aTempskya- like false stem, from the Carboniferous rocks of Australia. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. (Ser. B),217: 1–37.Google Scholar
  142. Sahni, B. 1932. On the generaClepsydropsis andCladoxylon of Unger, and on a new genusAustroclepsis. New Phytol.31: 270–278.Google Scholar
  143. Savage, N. M. 1969. The geology of the Manildra district, New South Wales. J. Proc. R. Soc. N.S.W.101: 159–169.Google Scholar
  144. Schimper, W. P. 1869. “Traité de Paléontologie végétale a la flore du monde primitif. 1.” Paris.Google Scholar
  145. Schimper, W. P. 1870. “Traité de paléontologie végétale on la flora du monde primitif. 2”, Paris.Google Scholar
  146. Schopf, J. M. 1970a. Gondwana paleobotany. Antarctic. J. U. S.5(3): 62–66.Google Scholar
  147. Schopf, J. M. 1970b. Relation of floras of the southern hemisphere to continental drift. Taxon19: 657–674.Google Scholar
  148. Schopf, J. M. 1973. The contrasting plant assemblages from Permian and Triassic deposits in southern continents. Mem. Canad. Soc. Petrol. Geol.2: 379–397.Google Scholar
  149. Schopf, J. W. & Blacic, J. M. 1971. New microorganisms from the Bitter Springs Formation (Late Precambrian) of the north-central Amadeus Basin, Australia. J. Paleont.45: 925–960.Google Scholar
  150. Seward, A. C. 1904. On a collection of Jurassic plants from Victoria. Rec. Geol. Surv. Vict.1: 155–211.Google Scholar
  151. Seward, A. C. 1917. “Fossil plants. 3.” Cambridge.Google Scholar
  152. Seward, A. C. 1918. “Fossil plants. 4.” Cambridge.Google Scholar
  153. Seward, A. C. & Sahni, B. 1920. Indian Gondwana plants; a revision. Mem. Geol. Surv. India, Palaeont. indica (N.S.),7: 1–54.Google Scholar
  154. Shirley, J. 1897. Two new species ofPterophyllum. Proc. R. Soc. Qd12: 89–91.Google Scholar
  155. Shirley, J. 1898. Additions to the fossil flora of Queensland. Publs. Geol. Surv. Qd 128. (Bull. 7.)Google Scholar
  156. Slade, M. J. 1964. A stratigraphic and palaeobotanical study of the lower Tertiary sediments of the Armidale district, New South Wales. Unpub. M.Sc. thesis, Univ. New England, Armidale.Google Scholar
  157. Smith, A. G., Briden, J. C. & Drewry, G. E. 1973. Phanerozoic world maps. Spec. Pap. Palaeontology12: 1–42.Google Scholar
  158. Sternberg, G. K. 1825. “Versuch einer geognotischen botanischen Darstellung der Flora der Vorwelt 1(4).” Leipsig and Prague.Google Scholar
  159. Stockmans, F. 1939. Note Préliminaire sur des empreintes végétales du Dévonien inferieur de la Belgique. Bull. Mus. Roy. Hist. Nat. Belg.15: 1–6.Google Scholar
  160. Strusz, D. L. et al. 1972. Correlation of the Lower Devonian rocks of Australasia. J. Geol. Soc. Aust.18: 427–455.Google Scholar
  161. Surange, K. R. & Chandra, S. 1973a.Dictyopteridium sporiferum Feistmantelfemale cone from the Lower Gondwana of India. Palaeobotanist.20: 127–136.Google Scholar
  162. Surange, K. R. & Chandra, S. 1973b.Partha, a new type of female fructification from the Lower Gondwana of India. Palaeobotanist.20: 356–360.Google Scholar
  163. Surange, K. R. & Maheshwari, H. K. 1970. Some male and female fructifications of Glossopteridales from India. Palaeontographica129B: 178–192.Google Scholar
  164. Tachibana, K. 1959.Leptophloeum in the close of the Upper Devonian in eastern Asia. Sci. Bull. Fac. Art. Ed. Nagasaki Univ.9: 31–34.Google Scholar
  165. Tachibana, K. 1966. On the age and distribution ofLeptophloeum contained in the Tobigamori Flora. Ann. Rept. Fac. Ed. Univ. Iwate26 (3): 9–22.Google Scholar
  166. Thomas, H. H. 1933. On some pteridospermous plants from the Mesozoic rocks of South Africa. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond., Ser. B,222: 193–265.Google Scholar
  167. Townrow, J. A. 1957. OnDicroidium, probably a pteridospermous leaf, and other leaves now removed from this genus. Trans. Geol. Soc. S. Afr.60: 21–56.Google Scholar
  168. Townrow, J. A. 1962a. Note on the type material ofXylopteris etongata (Carruthers) Frenguelli. Proc. R. Soc. Qd72: 123–127.Google Scholar
  169. Townrow, J. A. 1962b. OnPteruchus, a microsporophyll of the corystospermaceae. Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Geol.6: 287–320.Google Scholar
  170. Townrow, J. A. 1962c. On the nomenclature ofPteruchus johnstoni (Feistmantel) com. nov. Pap. Proc. R. Soc. Tasm.96: 91–93.Google Scholar
  171. Townrow, J. A. 1964. A speculation of the Rhaeto-Liassic climate of Tasmania. Pap. Proc. R. Soc. Tasm.98: 113–118.Google Scholar
  172. Townrow, J. A. 1965a. Notes on some Tasmanian pines. I. Some Lower Tertiary podocarps. Pap. Proc. R. Soc. Tasm.99: 87–107.Google Scholar
  173. Townrow, J. A. 1965b. Notes on Tasmanian pines. 2.Athrotaxis from the lower Tertiary.Pap. Proc. R. Soc. Tasm. 99: 109–113.Google Scholar
  174. Townrow, J. A. 1965c. A new member of the Corystospermaceae Thomas. Ann Bot. (N.S.),29: 495–511.Google Scholar
  175. Townrow, J. A. 1966a. OnLepidopteris madagascariensis Carpentier (Peltaspermaceae). J. Proc. R. Soc. N.S.W.98: 203–214.Google Scholar
  176. Townrow, J. A. 1966b. OnDicroidium odontopteroides andD. obtusifolium in Tasmania. pp. 128–136in “Symposium on floristics and stratigraphy of Gondwanaland.” Lucknow.Google Scholar
  177. Townrow, J. A. 1967a. Fossil plants from Allan and Carapace Nunataks, and from the Upper Mill and Shackleton Glaciers, Antarctica. N.Z. J. Geol. Geophys.10: 456–473.Google Scholar
  178. Townrow, J. A. 1967b. OnRissikia andMataia podocarpaceous conifers from the Lower Mesozoic of southern lands. Pap. Proc. R. Soc. Tasm.101: 103–136.Google Scholar
  179. Townrow, J. A. 1967c. TheBrachyphyllum crassum complex of fossil conifers. Pap. Proc. R. Soc. Tasm.101: 149–172.Google Scholar
  180. Townrow, J. A. 1967d. OnVoltziopsis, a southern conifer of Lower Triassic age. Pap. Proc. R. Soc. Tasm.101: 173–188.Google Scholar
  181. Townrow, J. A. 1968. A fossilSelaginella from the Permian of New South Wales. J. Linn. Soc. (Bot.)61(384): 13–23.Google Scholar
  182. Townrow, J. A. 1969. Some Lower Mesozoic Podocarpaceae and Araucariaceae. pp. 159–184in “Gondwana Stratigraphy.” IUGS Symposium, Buenos Aires UNESCO, Paris.Google Scholar
  183. Townrow, J. A. & Jones, J. 1969. OnPachypteris pinnata (Walkom) from Tasmania. Pap. Proc. R. Soc. Tasm.103: 63–67.Google Scholar
  184. Walkom, A. B. 1915. Mesozoic floras of Queensland. Part 1. The flora of the Ipswich and Walloon Series. (a) Introduction. (b) Equisetales. Publs. Geol. Surv. Qd 252.Google Scholar
  185. Walkom, A. B. 1917. Mesozoic floras of Queensland. Part 1.-continued. The flora of Ipswich and Walloon Series. (c) Filicales, etc. Publs. Geol. Surv. Qd. 257.Google Scholar
  186. Walkom, A. B. 1918. Mesozoic floras of Queensland. Part 2. The flora of the Maryborough (Marine) Series. Publs. Geol. Surv. Qd. 262.Google Scholar
  187. Walkom, A. B. 1919. Mesozoic floras of Queensland. Parts 3 and 4. The floras of the Burrum and Styx River Series. Publs. Geol. Surv. Qd. 263.Google Scholar
  188. Walkom, A. B. 1921a. Mesozoic floras of New South Wales. Part 1. Fossil plants from Cockabutta Mountain and Talbragar. Mem. Geol. Surv. N.S.W., Palaeont. 12.Google Scholar
  189. Walkom, A. B. 1921b. On a specimen ofNoeggerathiopsis from Lower Coal Measures of New South Wales. Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S.W.46: 374–375.Google Scholar
  190. Walkom, A. B. 1921c.Nummulospermum bowense gen. et sp. nov. Quart. J. Geol. Soc. Lond.77: 289–295.Google Scholar
  191. Walkom, A. B. 1922. Palaeozoic floras of Queensland. Part 1. The flora of the Lower and Upper Bowen Series. Publs. Geol. Surv. Qd. 270.Google Scholar
  192. Walkom, A. B. 1924. On fossil plants from Bellevue, near Esk. Mem. Qd. Mus.8: 77–92.Google Scholar
  193. Walkom, A. B. 1925. Fossil plants from the Narrabeen Stage of the Hawkesbury Series. Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S.W.50: 214–224.Google Scholar
  194. Walkom, A. B. 1928a. Fossil plants from Plutoville, Cape York Peninsula. Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S.W.53: 145–150.Google Scholar
  195. Walkom, A. B. 1928b. Fossil plants from the Upper Palaeozoic rocks of New South Wales. Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S.W.53: 255–269.Google Scholar
  196. Walkom, A. B. 1928c. Lepidodendroid remains from Yalwal, N.S.W. Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S.W.53: 310–314.Google Scholar
  197. Walkom, A. B. 1928d. Fossil plants from the Esk district, Queensland. Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S.W.53: 458–468.Google Scholar
  198. Walkom, A. B. 1934. Notes on some Carboniferous plants from New South Wales. Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S.W.59: 430–434.Google Scholar
  199. Walkom, A. B. 1935. Some fossil seeds from the Upper Palaeozoic rocks of the Werrie Basin, N.S.W. Proc. Linn. Soc. N.S.W.60: 459–463.Google Scholar
  200. Walkom, A. B. 1944a. The succession of Carboniferous and Permian floras in Australia. J. Proc. R. Soc. N.S.W.78: 4–13.Google Scholar
  201. Walkom, A. B. 1944b. Fossil plants from Gingin, W. A. J. R. Soc. W.A.28: 201–207.Google Scholar
  202. Walter, M. R. 1972. Stromatolites and the Biostratigraphy of the Australian Precambrian and Cambrian. Spec. Pap. Palaeontology 11.Google Scholar
  203. Walton, J. 1927. On some Australian fossil plants referable to the genusLeptophloeum Dawson. Mem. Proc. Manchester Lit. Phil. Soc.70: 113–118.Google Scholar
  204. Ward, L. F. 1900. Status of the Mesozoic floras of the United States. First Paper: the older Mesozoic. 20th Ann. Rep. U.S. Geol. Surv.2: 211–748.Google Scholar
  205. White, D. 1905. Paleontology. Perry Basin, southeastern Maine. U.S. Geol. Surv. Prof. Pap.35: 35–84.Google Scholar
  206. White, D. 1908. Fossil floras of the coal measures of Brazil. Comm. Estudos Minas Carvao Pedra Brazil3: 339–617.Google Scholar
  207. White, M. E. 1973. Plant fossils from the Drummond Basin, Queensland. Bull. Bur. Miner. Resour. Geol. Geophys. Aust.132: 73–78.Google Scholar
  208. Whitehouse, R. W. 1955. The geology of the Queensland portion of the Great Artesian Basin. Qd. Parl. Pap. A. 56–1955.Google Scholar
  209. Wray, J. L. 1967. Upper Devonian calcareous algae from the Canning Basin. Western Australia. Prof. Contrib. Colorado Sch. Min. 3.Google Scholar
  210. Wyatt, D. H. & Jell, J. S. 1967. Devonian of the Townsville Hinterland, Queensland, Australia. pp. 99–105in Oswald, D. H. (Ed.) “International Symposium on the Devonian System. 2.” Alberta Soc. Petrol. Geol., Calgary.Google Scholar
  211. Zeiller, R. 1902. Observations surquelques plantes fossiles des Lower Gondwanas. Mem. Geol. Surv. India, Palaeont. indica (N.S.) 2(1).Google Scholar
  212. Zigno, A. de. 1881. “Flora fossilis formationis Oolithicae. 2(2, 3).” Padova.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The New York Botanical Garden 1975

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. E. Gould
    • 1
  1. 1.Geology DepartmentThe University of New EnglandArmidaleAustralia

Personalised recommendations