The Botanical Review

, Volume 27, Issue 4, pp 445–500 | Cite as

Production of disease-free seed

  • Theodore P. Dykstra


Botanical Review Late Blight Stem Rust Seed Piece Bacterial Blight 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literature Cited

  1. 1.
    Agrawal, N. S., C. M. Christensen, andA. C. Hodson. 1957. Grain storage fungi associated with the granary weevil. Jour. Econ. Ent.50: 659–663.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Allard, H. A. 1915. Distribution of the virus of the mosaic disease in capsules, filaments, anthers, and pistils of affected tobacco plants. Jour. Agr. Res.5:251–256.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    American Potato Yearbook. 1957. C. S. Macfarland, Publisher, 8 Elm St., Westfield, New Jersey. 79 p.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Anderson, Axel, L. 1952. Development of wheat headblight incited byHelminthosporium sativum. Phytopath.42:453–456.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Anonymous. 1954. Minimum seed certification standards. Int. Crop Improve. Assoc, Publ. 18. 91 p.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    -. 1957. Discover dread ‘hoja blanca’ disease in Florida rice plots. Rice Jour.60(11):10.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Athow, Kirk L., andJ. B. Bancroft. 1959. Development and transmission of tobacco ringspot virus in soybean. Phytopath.49:697–701.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Bailey, D. L. 1925. Physiologic specialization inPuccinia graminis avenae Erikss. and Henn. Minn. Agr. Exp. Sta., Tech. Bul. 35. 35 p.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Barker, M. 1951. Bestrijding van de Phomopsisziekte in Zaadwortelen. [Control of the Phomopsis-disease in seedumbels of carrot]. Tijdschr. Plantenziekten57:157–167. [English summary].Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Bennett, C. W., andK. Esau. 1936. Further studies on the relation of the curly top virus to plant tissues. Jour. Agr. Res.53:595–620.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Björlinc, K. 1958. Incidence of beet yellows virus in weeds in Sweden and some notes on differential hosts for strains of the virus. Kung. Vet. Sam. Arsb.1958(2):17–32.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Black, W. 1947. Blight in relation to potato breeding. Ann. Appl. Biol.34:631–633.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Bonde, R., andE. S. Schultz. 1943. Potato cull piles as a source of lateblight infection. Amer. Potato Jour.20:112–118.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Burton, Clyde L., andDonald J. DeZeeuw. 1958. Studies on transmission ofVerticillium wilt of eggplant in Michigan. Plant Dis. Rep.42: 427–436.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Calahan, K. L. 1957. Prunus host range and pollen transmission of elm mosaic virus. Diss. Abstr.17(9):1861.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Caldwell, R. M. 1937.Rhynchosporium scald of barley, rye, and other grasses. Jour. Agr. Res.55:175–198.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Cardona-Alvarez, C., andJ. C. Walker. 1956. Angular leaf spot of bean. Phytopath.46:610–615.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Cheo, Pen Ching. 1954. Effect of seed maturation on inhibition of southern bean mosaic virus in bean. Phytopath.45:17–21.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Christensen, J. J. 1922. Studies on the parasitism ofHelminthosporium sativum. Minn. Agr. Exp. Sta., Tech. Bul. 11. 52 p.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Clark, R. V., andJ. G. Dickson. 1958. The influence of temperature on disease development in barley infected byHelminthosporium sativum. Phytopath.48:305–310.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Clarkson, M. R. 1957. Some broad aspects of federal crops regulatory work. Phytopath.47:382–384.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Clinch, Phyllis E. M., J. B. Loughnane, andR. McKay. 1948. Transmission of a disease resembling virus yellows through the ‘seed’ of sugar beet. Nature [London]161(4079): 28–29.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Cole, Jr.Herbert, andHouston B. Couch. 1958. Etiology and epiphytology of northern anthracnose of red clover. Phytopath.48:326–331.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Colhoun, J., andA. E. Muskett. 1948. A study of the longevity of the seed-borne parasites of flax in relation to the storage of the seed. Ann. Appl. Biol.35:429–434.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Conover, R. A., andJames M. Walter. 1953. The occurrence of a virulent race ofPhytophthora infestans on late blight resistant tomato stocks. Phytopath.43:344–345.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Coons, G. H. 1953. Breeding for resistance to disease. U. S. Dept. Agr., Yearbook “Plant Diseases”1953:174–192.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    —. 1953. Some problems in growing sugar beets. U. S. Dept. Agr., Yearbook “Plant Diseases”1953:509–524.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    —. 1953. Disease resistance breeding of sugar beets—1918–1952. Phytopath.43:297–303.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Corbett, M. K. 1958. A virus disease of lupines caused by bean yellow mosaic virus. Phytopath.48:86–91.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Cobmack, M. W. 1945. Studies onAscochyta imperfecta, a seed and soil-borne parasite of alfalfa. Phytopath.35:838–855.Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Couch, H. B. 1955. Studies on seed transmission of lettuce mosaic virus. Phytopath.45:63–70.Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Crafts, A. S. 1951. Movement of assimilates, viruses, growth regulators, and chemical indicators in plants. Bot. Rev.17:203–284.Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Crowley, N. C. 1957. Studies on the seed transmission of plant virus diseases. Austral. Jour. Biol. Sci.10:449–464.Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    —. 1959. Studies on the time of embryo infection by seed-transmitted viruses. Virology8(1):116–123.Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Dean, H. S. 1957. What the amendment to the Insect Pest Act of 1905 implies in relation to the layman and to the scientist. Phytopath.47: 384–386.Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    Dean, Leslie L., andV. E. Wilson. 1959. A new strain of common bean mosaic in Idaho. Plant Dis. Rep.43:1108–1110.Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    Decker, P. 1957. Anthracnose of blue lupine is seed-borne. Plant Dis. Rep.31:486.Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    Desjardins, P. R., R. L. Latterell, andJ. E. Mitchell. 1954. Seed transmission of tobacco-ringspot virus in Lincoln variety of soybean. Phytopath.44:86.Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    Dillon Weston, W.A.R., andJ. F. H. Cronshey. 1947. Clean seed—clean celery. Gt. Brit. Min. Agr., Agriculture54:322–325.Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    Doolittle, S. P. 1954. The use of wildLycopersicon species for tomato disease control. Phytopath.44:409–414.Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    Dunnegan, J. C., andS. P. Doolittle. 1953. How fungicides have been developed. U. S. Dept. Agr, Yearbook “Plant Diseases”1953:115–120.Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    Dykstra, T. P. 1948. Production of disease-free seed potatoes. U. S. Dept. Agr., Circ.764:64 p.Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    -, andW. J. Reid, Jr. 1956. Potato growing in the South. U. S. Dept. Agr., Farm. Bul.2098:52 p.Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    Eddins, A. H. 1945. Transmission and spread of late blight in seed potatoes. Amer. Pot. Jour.22:333–339.Google Scholar
  45. 45.
    Eslick, R. F. 1953. Yield reductions in Glacier barley associated with a virus infection. Plant Dis. Rep.37:290–291.Google Scholar
  46. 46.
    Ferrier, Juan B. 1960. The occurrence of angular leaf-spot of sesame in Panama. Plant Dis. Rep.44:221.Google Scholar
  47. 47.
    Finley, A. M. 1959. Drought spot of lettuce cotyledons. Plant Dis. Rep.43:629–632.Google Scholar
  48. 48.
    Fischer, G. W. 1944. The blind-seed disease of ryegrass (Lolium spp). in Oregon. [Abst.] Phytopath.34:934.Google Scholar
  49. 49.
    Fitzgerald, Paul J., andR. G. Timian. 1960. Effect of barley stripe mosaic on wheat. Plant Dis. Rep.44:359–361.Google Scholar
  50. 50.
    Fry, P. R. 1953. Two virus diseases of gladiolus. New Zeal. Jour. Sci. & Technol. A.34:460–464.Google Scholar
  51. 51.
    Fulton, N. D., andKatharina Bollenbacher. 1959 Pathogenicity of fungi isolated from diseased cotton seedlings. Phytopath.49:684–689.Google Scholar
  52. 52.
    Grogan, R. G., andR. Bardin. 1950. Some aspects concerning seed transmission of lettuce mosaic virus. [Abst.] Phytopath.40:965.Google Scholar
  53. 53.
    —,J. E. Welch, andR. Bardin. 1951. The use of mosaic-free seed in controlling lettuce mosaic. [Abst.] Phytopath.41:939.Google Scholar
  54. 54.
    Halisky, P. M., B. R. Houston, andA. R. Magie. 1960. Alfalfa mosaic virus in white clover and potatoes. Plant Dis. Rep.44:120–125.Google Scholar
  55. 55.
    Hamilton, D. G., andW. C. Broadfoot. 1947. The newHelminthosporium blight of oats found in Ontario. Sci. Agr.27:446–447.Google Scholar
  56. 56.
    Hampton, R. E., W. H. Sill, Jr., andE. D. Hansing. 1957. Barley stripe mosaic virus in Kansas and its control by a greenhouse seedlot testing technic. Plant Dis. Rep.41:735–740.Google Scholar
  57. 57.
    Hartman, R. E. 1955. Potato wart eradication program in Pennsylvania. Amer. Pot. Jour.32:317–326.Google Scholar
  58. 58.
    Hedges, F. 1944. Association ofXanthomonas phaseoli and the common bean-mosaic virus,Marmor phaseoli. I. Effect on pathogenecity of the seed-borne infective agents. Phytopath.34:662–693.Google Scholar
  59. 59.
    Heidrick, L. E. 1955. Late blight resistance—present status. Phytopath.45:250–251.Google Scholar
  60. 60.
    Heinze, K. 1942. Die Feldbereinigung bei Sojakulturen als Schutzmassnahme gegen die Ausbreitung des virösen Sojamosaiks. Vorl. Mitt. Field sanitation in soybean plantings as a prophylactic measure against the spread of the soybean mosaic virus] [Preliminary note]. Züchter14:254–258.Google Scholar
  61. 61.
    James, N., J. Wilson, andE. Stark. 1946. The microflora of stored wheat. Canad. Jour. Res., C.24:224–233.Google Scholar
  62. 62.
    Johnson, E. M., andW. D. Valleua. 1933. Black-stem of alfalfa, red clover and sweet clover. Ky. Agr. Exp. Sta., Bul.339:57–82.Google Scholar
  63. 63.
    Jones, John P. 1959. Purple strain of soybean seeds incited by severalCercospora species. Phytopath.49:430–432.Google Scholar
  64. 64.
    Jones, L. K. 1944. Streak and mosaic ofCineraria. Phytopath.34:941–953.Google Scholar
  65. 65.
    Jones, L. R. 1924. The relation of environment to disease in plants. Amer. Jour. Bot.11:601–609.Google Scholar
  66. 66.
    Kadow, K. J. 1934. Seed transmission ofVerticillium wilt of eggplants and tomatoes. Phytopath.24:1265–1268.Google Scholar
  67. 67.
    Kahn, R. P. 1956. Seed transmission of the tomato-ringspot virus in the Lincoln variety of soybeans. Phytopath.46:295.Google Scholar
  68. 68.
    —, andJ. L. Libby. 1958. The effect of environmental factors and plant age on the infection of rice by the blast fungus,Piricularia oryzae. Phytopath.48:25–30.Google Scholar
  69. 69.
    Kassanis, B. 1947. Studies on dandelion yellow mosaic and other virus diseases of lettuce. Ann. Appl. Biol.34:412–421.Google Scholar
  70. 70.
    Kendrick, E. L., andLaurence H. Purdy. 1959. Influence of environmental factors on the development of wheat bunt in the Pacific Northwest. II. Effect of soil temperature and soil moisture on infection by seed borne spores. Phytopath.49:433–434.Google Scholar
  71. 71.
    Kernkamp, M. F., andG. A. Hemerick. 1953. The relation ofAscochyta imperfecta to alfalfa seed production in Minnesota. Phytopath.43: 378–383.Google Scholar
  72. 72.
    Kilpatrick, R. A., andE. E. Hartwick. 1955. Effect of planting date on incidence of fungus infection of Ogden soybean seeds grown at Walnut Hill, Florida. Plant Dis. Rep.39:174–176.Google Scholar
  73. 73.
    —. 1957. Fungi associated with the flowers, pods, and seeds of soybeans. Phytopath.47:131–135.Google Scholar
  74. 74.
    Klein, H. Harvey. 1959. Etiology of thePhytophthora disease of soybeans. Phytopath.49:380–383.Google Scholar
  75. 75.
    Klesser, P. J. 1953. Virus diseases of lupines. Farming in South Africa.28:347–350.Google Scholar
  76. 76.
    Klotz, L. J., T. A. DeWolfe andPoPing Wong. 1957. Guard against introducing brown rot fungi. Calif. Citrog.42:258.Google Scholar
  77. 77.
    Kreitlow, K. W. andO. J. Hunt. 1958. Effect of alfalfa mosaic and bean yellow mosaic viruses on flowering and seed production of Ladino white clover. Phytopath.48:320–321.Google Scholar
  78. 78.
    Leach, Charles M. 1960. Phytopathogenic and saprophytic fungi associated with forage legume seed. Plant Dis. Rep.44:364–369.Google Scholar
  79. 79.
    Leach, J. G., andC. F. Bishop. 1946. Purple-top wilt (blue stem) of potatoes. W. Va. Agr. Exp. Sta., Bul.326:35 p.Google Scholar
  80. 80.
    Leach, L. L. 1947. Growth rates of host and pathogen as factors determining the severity of preemergence damping off. Jour. Agr. Res.75:161–179.Google Scholar
  81. 81.
    Leppik, Elmar, E. 1960.Cercospora traversiana and some other pathogens of fenugreek new to North America. Plant Dis. Rep.44:40–44.Google Scholar
  82. 82.
    Levine, M. N. 1923. A statistical study of comparative morphology of biologic forms ofPuccinia graminis. Jour. Agr. Res.24:539–568.Google Scholar
  83. 83.
    Lloyd, A. B. 1959. The transmission ofPhoma lingarm (Tode) Desm. in the seeds of swede, turnip, chou, moellier, rape, and kale. New Zeal. Agr. Res.2(4):649–658.Google Scholar
  84. 84.
    Lombard, P. M., B. E. Brown, andT. P. Dykstra. 1948. Potato production in the northeastern, and north central states. U. S. Dept. Agr., Farm. Bul.1958:70 p.Google Scholar
  85. 85.
    Loughnane, J. B. 1946. A seedling disease of flax caused byMacrosporium sp. Nature [London]157(3983): 266.Google Scholar
  86. 86.
    Mackie, W. W., W. C. Snyder andF. L. Smith. 1945. Production in California of snap-bean seed free from blight and anthracnose. Calif. Agr. Exp. Sta., Bul.689:23 p.Google Scholar
  87. 87.
    Mastenbroek, C. 1942. Enkele veldwaarnemingen over virusziekten van lupine en een onderzoek over haar mozaïkziekte. Tijds. Plantenziekten48:97–118.Google Scholar
  88. 88.
    McLean, A. P. D. 1957. Triteza virus of citrus: evidence for absence of seed transmission. Plant. Dis. Rep.41:821.Google Scholar
  89. 89.
    McCubbin, W. A. 1954. “The plant quarantine problem.” Copenhagen. Published by Ejnar Munksgaard, Copenhagen, 1954. 255 p.Google Scholar
  90. 90.
    McKinney, H. H. 1951. A seed-borne virus causing false-stripe symptoms in barley. Plant Dis. Rep.35:48.Google Scholar
  91. 91.
    McLean, D. M. 1948. A seed-borne bacterial cotyledon spot of squash. Plant Dis. Rep.42:425–426.Google Scholar
  92. 92.
    Menzies, J. D. 1952. Observations on the introduction and spread of bean diseases into newly irrigated areas of the Columbia basin. Plant Dis. Rep.36:44–47.Google Scholar
  93. 93.
    —. 1954. Plant disease observations in the irrigated areas of central Washington during 1953. Plant Dis. Rep.38:314–315.Google Scholar
  94. 95.
    Miller, P. R. 1953. The effect of weather on diseases. U. S. Dept. Agr., Yearbook “Plant Diseases”1953:83–93.Google Scholar
  95. 96.
    Mills, W. R., andJohn S. Niederhauser. 1953. Observations on races ofPhytophthora infestons in Mexico. Phytopath.43:454–455.Google Scholar
  96. 97.
    Milner, M., C. M. Christensen, andW. F. Geddes. 1947. Grain storage studies. VI. Wheat respiration in relation to moisture content, mold growth, chemical deterioration, and heating. Cereal Chem.24:182–199.Google Scholar
  97. 98.
    ———. 1947. Grain storage studies. VII. Influence of certain mold inhibitors on respiration of moist wheat. Cereal Chem.24:507–517.Google Scholar
  98. 99.
    —,B. Warshowsky, I. W. Tervet, andW. F. Geddes. 1943. The viability, chemical composition and internal microflora of frostdamaged soybeans. Oil & Soap20:256–268.Google Scholar
  99. 100.
    Moore, W. C. 1946. Seed-borne diseases. Ann. Appl. Biol.33:228–231.Google Scholar
  100. 101.
    Murakishi, H. H. 1952. Transmission of a leaf mosaic associated with color break in the flowers ofDendrobium superbum Reichb. f. Phytopath.42:339–340.Google Scholar
  101. 102.
    Muskett, A. E. andJ. Colhoun. 1946. Seedborne diseases of flax and their control. Ann. Appl. Biol.33:331–333.Google Scholar
  102. 103.
    Neergaard, P. 1958. Mycelial seed infection of certain crucifers bySclerotinia sclerotiorum (Lib.) D By. Plant Dis. Rep.42:1105–1106.Google Scholar
  103. 104.
    Nelson, R. 1932. Investigations in the mosaic disease of bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.). Mich. Agr. Exp. Sta., Tech. Bul. 118. 71 p.Google Scholar
  104. 105.
    —,Javier Cervantes, andLeopoldo Servin. 1954. Late blight in Mexico and its implications. Phytopath.44:406–408.Google Scholar
  105. 106.
    Niederhauser, J. S., andW. R. Mills. 1953. Resistance ofSolanum species toPhytophthora infestans in Mexico. Phytopath.43:456–457.Google Scholar
  106. 107.
    Noble, M. 1956. Cereal seed health. Results of a laboratory seed survey. Scot. Agr.36:86–90.Google Scholar
  107. 108.
    —,J. de Tempe, andPaul Neergaard. 1958. An annotated list of seed-borne diseases. Commonwealth Mycological Institute, Kew, England. 159 p.Google Scholar
  108. 109.
    Ohms, R. E., andW. M. Bever. 1955. Types of seedling reaction of Kawvale and Wabash winter wheat to three physiological races ofUstilago tritici. Phytopath.45:513–516.Google Scholar
  109. 110.
    Orozco-Sarria, S. H., andC. Cardona-Alvarez. 1959. Evidence of seed transmission of angular leaf spot of bean. Phytopath.49:159.Google Scholar
  110. 111.
    Oswald, J. W. 1950. A strain of the alfalfa-mosaic virus causing vine and tuber necrosis in potato. Phytopath.40:973–991.Google Scholar
  111. 112.
    -,A. Rozendaal, andJ. P. H. van der Want. 1954. The alfalfa mosaic virus in the Netherlands, its effect on potato and a comparison with the potato aucuba mosaic virus. 2nd Conf. Potato Virus Diseases, Wageningen-Lisse, 25–229. June,1954 Proa:p. 137–146.Google Scholar
  112. 113.
    Papavizas, G. C., andC. M. Christensen. 1957. Grain storage studies. XXV. Effect of invasion by storage fungi upon germination of wheat seed and upon development of sick wheat. Cereal Chem.34:350–359.Google Scholar
  113. 114.
    Phillips, M., andM. J. Goss. 1935. Composition of the leaves and stalks of barley at successive stages of growth, with special reference to the formation of lignin. Jour. Agr. Res.51:301–319.Google Scholar
  114. 115.
    Plant pathology section. 1945. Canad. Dept. Agr., Rep.1944-5: 29–34.Google Scholar
  115. 116.
    Potato Handbook. 1956. Seed certification issue. The Potato Association of America, New Brunswick, New Jersey. 72 p.Google Scholar
  116. 117.
    Pound, G. S. 1946. Diseases of cabbage plants grown for seed in western Washington. Wash. Agr. Exp. Sta., Bul.475: 27 p.Google Scholar
  117. 118.
    Qasem, S. A., andC. M. Christensen. 1958. Influence of moisture content, temperature, and time on the deterioration of stored corn by fungi. Phytopath.48:544–549.Google Scholar
  118. 119.
    Racicot, H. N. 1945. A sound policy for the control of bacterial ringrot. in Canada. Canada. Dept. Agr., Sci. Serv., Div. Bot. & Plant Path., Contr.806:1–8.Google Scholar
  119. 120.
    Rader, W. E., H. F. Fitzpatrick, andE. M. Hildebrand. 1947. A seedborne virus of muskmelon. Phytopath.37:809–816.Google Scholar
  120. 121.
    Ramstad, P. E., andW. F. Geddes. 1942. The respiration and storage behavior of soybeans. Minn. Agr. Exp. Sta., Tech. Bul.156:54 p.Google Scholar
  121. 122.
    Raniere, L. C., andD. F. Crossman. 1959. The influence of overhead irrigation and microclimate ofColletotrichum phomoides. Phytopath.49:72–74.Google Scholar
  122. 123.
    Reddick, D. 1939. Scab immunity. Amer. Pot. Jour.16:71–74, 76.Google Scholar
  123. 124.
    —, andWillard Crosier. 1933. Biological specialization inPhytophthora infestans. Amer. Pot. Jour.10:129–134.Google Scholar
  124. 125.
    —, andWilford Mills. 1938. Building up virulence inPhytophthora infestans. Amer. Pot. Jour.15:29–34.Google Scholar
  125. 126.
    Reed, H. E. 1957. Studies on barley scald. Tenn. Agr. Exp. Sta., Bul. 268. 43 p.Google Scholar
  126. 127.
    [Anonymous]. Relationship of potato races ofPhytophthora infestans and genes for resistance. 1954. Amer. Pot. Jour.31:238–239.Google Scholar
  127. 128.
    Riker, A. J. 1957. The discovery of important diseases before they move from one country to another. Phytopath.47:388–389.Google Scholar
  128. 129.
    Roland, G. 1948. La transmission du virus de la jaunisse de la betterave par la semence. [Seed transmission of beet yellows virus]. Parasitica4:30.Google Scholar
  129. 130.
    Sallans, H. R., G. D. Sinclair, andR. K. Larmour. 1944. The spontaneous heating of flax seed and sunflower seed stored under adiabatic conditions. Canad. Jour. Res. F.22:181–190.Google Scholar
  130. 131.
    Schwinghamer, E. A. 1956. Physiological specialization inColletotrichum linicolum. Phytopath.46:300–305.Google Scholar
  131. 132.
    Semeniuk, G., C. M. Nagel, andJ. C. Gilman. 1947. Observations on mold development and on deterioration in stored yellow dent shelled corn. Ia. Agr. Exp. Sta., Res. Bul.349:225–284.Google Scholar
  132. 133.
    Severin, Henry H. P. 1934. Weed host range and overwintering of curly-top virus. Hilgardia8:263–280.Google Scholar
  133. 134.
    Simpson, G. W., andW. F. Porter. 1944. A roguing service for producers of foundation seed potatoes. Maine Agr. Exp. Sta., Misc. Pub.584:1–21.Google Scholar
  134. 135.
    Singh, G. P., D. C. Arny, andG. S. Pound. 1960. Studies on the stripe mosaic of barley, including effects of temperature and age of host on disease development and seed infection. Phytopath.50:290–296.Google Scholar
  135. 136.
    Skoropad, W. P. 1959. Seed and seedling infection of barley byRhynchosporium secalis. Phytopath.49:623–626.Google Scholar
  136. 137.
    Small, T. 1944. Dry rot of potato (Fusarium caeruleum (Lib.) Sacc). Investigation on the sources and time of infection. Ann. Appl. Biol.31:290–295.Google Scholar
  137. 138.
    Smith, F. F., andP. Brierley. 1948. Aphid transmission of lily viruses during storage of the bulbs. Phytopath.38:841–844.Google Scholar
  138. 139.
    Smith, R. W., andD. F. Crossan. 1958. The taxonomy, etiology and control ofColletotrichum piperatum (E. & E.) E. & H. andColletotrichum capsici (Syd.) B. & B. Plant Dis. Rep.42:1099–1103.Google Scholar
  139. 140.
    Stakman, E. C. 1954. Recent studies of wheat stem rust in relation to breeding resistant varieties. Phytopath.44:346–351.Google Scholar
  140. 141.
    —. 1954. People, pathogens, and progress in international disease control. Phytopath.44:421.Google Scholar
  141. 142.
    —, andJ. J. Christensen. 1953. Problems of variability in fungi. U. S. Dept. Agr., Yearbook “Plant Diseases”1953:35–62.Google Scholar
  142. 143.
    —, andF. J. Piesmeisel. 1917. Biologic forms ofPuccinia graminis on cereals and grasses. Jour. Agr. Res.10:429–496.Google Scholar
  143. 144.
    -, andD. M. Stewart. 1952. Physiological races ofPuccinia graminis in the United States in 1951. U. S. Bur. Ent. & Plant Quar. 8 p.Google Scholar
  144. 145.
    -, and -. 1953. Physiological races ofPuccinia graminis in the United States in 1952. U. S. Bur. Ent. & Plant Quar. 11 p.Google Scholar
  145. 146.
    -, and -. 1954. Physiological races ofPuccinia graminis in the United States in 1953. U. S. Agr. Res. Serv. 9 p.Google Scholar
  146. 147.
    Starr, G. H. 1947. The longevity ofCorynebacterium sepedonicum on potato bags when placed under different environmental conditions. Amer. Pot. Jour.24:177–179.Google Scholar
  147. 148.
    Stevenson, F. J., andC. F. Clark. 1938. The Sebago potato, a new variety resistant to late blight. U. S. Dept. Agr., Circ. 503. 7 p.Google Scholar
  148. 149.
    —,E. S. Schultz, R. V. Akeley, andL. C. Cash. 1952. Late blight immunity in the potato. Phytopath.42:277–280.Google Scholar
  149. 150.
    Symposium of seed-borne diseases. 1944. Canad. Phytopath. Soc, Proc.12:18–21.Google Scholar
  150. 151.
    Tapke, V. F. 1949. Further studies on barley powdery mildew (Erysiphe graminis hordei). Phytopath.39:505.Google Scholar
  151. 152.
    Taubenhaus, J. J. 1936.Verticillium wilt of cotton. Texas Agr. Exp. Sta., Ann. Rep.49:111.Google Scholar
  152. 153.
    Tervet, I. W. 1945. The influence of fungi on storage, on seed viability and seedling vigor of soybeans. Phytopath.35:3–15.Google Scholar
  153. 154.
    Thaung, M. M., andJ. C. Walker. 1957. Studies on bacterial blight of lima bean. Phytopath.47:413–417.Google Scholar
  154. 155.
    Thomas, C. A. 1960. Relations of variety, temperature, and seed immaturity to pre-emergence damping-off of castorbean. Phytopath.50: 473–474.Google Scholar
  155. 156.
    Thomas, Jr.,W. D., andR. W. Graham. 1951. Seed transmission of red node virus in pinto beans. Phytopath.41:959–962.Google Scholar
  156. 157.
    Thomason, I. J., andJ. G. Dickson. 1960. Influence of soil temperature on seedling blight of smooth bromegrass. Phytopath.50:1–7.Google Scholar
  157. 158.
    Tims, E. C. 1944. Some diseases of onions grown for seed in Louisiana. Plant Dis. Rep.28:633–634.Google Scholar
  158. 159.
    Tuite, John. 1960. The natural occurence of tobacco ringspot virus. Phytopath.50:296–298.Google Scholar
  159. 160.
    Van Hoof, H. A. 1959. Seed transmission of lettuce mosaic virus inLactuca serriola. Tijds. Plantenziekten65:44–46.Google Scholar
  160. 161.
    Van Stevenick, R. F. M. 1957. Influence of pea-mosaic virus on the reproductive capacity of yellow lupine. Bot. Gaz.119(2):63–70.Google Scholar
  161. 162.
    Vanterpool, T. C. 1960. The ringspot disease of rape in an inland parkland region. Plant Dis. Rep.44:362–363.Google Scholar
  162. 163.
    Vasudeva, R. S., andM. S. Pavgi. 1945. Seed transmission of melon mosaic virus. Curr. Sci.14:271–272.Google Scholar
  163. 164.
    —,S. P. Raychaudhuri, andP. S. Pathanian. 1948. Yellow mosaic of lettuce. Curr. Sci.17:244–245.Google Scholar
  164. 165.
    Waggoner, P. E., andJ. R. Wallin. 1952. Variation in pathogenicity among isolates ofPhytophthora infestans on tomato and potato. Phytopath.42:645–648.Google Scholar
  165. 166.
    Wagnon, H. Keith, J. A. Traylor, H. E. Williams, andJ. H. Weinberger. 1960. Observations on the passage of peach necrotic leaf spot and peach ring spot viruses through peach and nectarine seeds and their effects on the resulting seedlings. Plant Dis. Rep.44:117–119.Google Scholar
  166. 167.
    Walker, J. C. 1948. Vegetable seed treatment. Bot. Rev.14:588–601.Google Scholar
  167. 168.
    Wallace, H. A. H. 1959. A rare seed-borne disease of wheat caused byPodosporiella verticillata. Canad. Jour. Bot.37:509–515.Google Scholar
  168. 169.
    Weiss, Freeman, C. R. Orton, andR. E. Hartman. 1923. Investigations of potato wart. U. S. Dept. Agr., Bul. 1156. 22 p.Google Scholar
  169. 170.
    Wheeler, W. H. 1957. The movement of plant pathogens. Phytopath.47:386–388.Google Scholar
  170. 171.
    Wilson, M. Mary Noble, andElizabeth G. Gray. 1948. The blind seed disease of rye-grass and its causal fungus. Trans. Roy. Soc. Edinb.61:327–340.Google Scholar
  171. 172.
    Wilson, R. D. 1947. Rainfall in relation to the production of bean seed free of the bacterial blight diseases. Agr. Gaz. New So. Wales58: 15–20.Google Scholar
  172. 173.
    Wood, R. K. S., andM. Tveit. 1955. Control of plant diseases by the use of antagonistic organisms. Bot. Rev.21:441–483.Google Scholar
  173. 174.
    Wyllie, Thomas, D., andClyde M. Christensen. 1959. Influence of moisture content and temperature upon mold invasion and germination of stored wheat. Plant Dis. Rep.43:764–767.Google Scholar
  174. 175.
    Younkin, S. G. 1944. Suscept range of the potato yellow dwarf virus. Cornell Univ. Abst. Thesis: 354–356.Google Scholar
  175. 176.
    Zaumeyer, W. J. 1930. The bacterial blight of beans caused byBacterium phaseoli. U. S. Dept. Agr., Tech. Bul. 186. 36 p.Google Scholar
  176. 177.
    Zink, F. W., R. G. Grogan, andR. Bardin. 1957. The comparative effect of mosaic-free seed and roguing as a control for common lettuce mosaic. Proc. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci.70:277–280.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The New York Botanical Garden 1961

Authors and Affiliations

  • Theodore P. Dykstra
    • 1
  1. 1.Agricultural Research Service, Crops Research Division, Louisiana State UniversityUnited States Department of AgricultureBaton Rouge

Personalised recommendations