Journal of Forestry Research

, Volume 16, Issue 3, pp 205–208 | Cite as

Concentrations and seasonal dynamics of dissolved organic carbon in forest floors of two plantations (Castanopsis kawakamii andCunninghamia lanceolata) in subtropical China

  • Zhang Jiang-shan
  • Guo Jian-fen
  • Chen Guang-shui
  • Qian Wei


The concentrations and seasonal dynamics of DOC in forest floors of monoculture plantations ofCastanopsis kawakamii and Chinese fir (Cunninghamia lanceolata) were assessed in Sanming, Fujian, China (26°11′30″N, 117°26′00″E). Forest floor samples were taken in January, April, July and October in 2002 and divided into undecomposed material (horizon Oi), partially decomposed organic material (horizon Oe), and fully decomposed organic material (horizon Oa). Upon collection, DOC concentrations of samples were analyzed by a High Temperature TOC. The results showed that the annual average DOC concentration of Chinese fir (1341.7 mg·kg−1) in the forest floor was higher than that ofCastanopsis kawakamii (1178.9 mg·kg−1). Difference in DOC concentrations was observed among three horizons of the forest floor. DOC concentration of forest floor in the two forests was the highest in horizon Oe. Seasonal trends of DOC concentrations in different horizons of forest floors were similar and the maximal value occurred in autumn (or winter). The concentration and temporal change of DOC in studied forests were probably related to the variation in moisture, temperature, biological activity and quantity of organic matter in the forest floor.


Dissolved organic carbon (DOC) Seasonal dynamics Forest floor Castanopsis kawakamii Cunninghamia lanceolata Monoculture plantation 

CLC number

S715.9 S791.27 

Document Code


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Casals, P., Romanya, J., Cortina, J.,et al. 1995. Nitrogen supply rate in Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) forests of contrasting slope aspect [J]. Plant and Soil, 168–169; 67–73.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Christ, M.J., David, M.B. 1996. Temperature and moisture effects on the production of dissolved organic carbon in a spodosol [J]. Soil Biology & Biochemistry,28: 1191–1199.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Cronan, C.S. 1990. Patterns of organic acid transport from forested water-sheds to aquatic ecosystems [C]. In: EM Perdue, ET Gjessing (eds). Organic Acids in Aquatic Ecosystems. Life Sciences Research Report 48. John Wiley and Sons Ltd., Chichester, pp. 245–260.Google Scholar
  4. Cronan, C.S., Aiken, G.R. 1985. Chemistry and transport of soluble humic substances in forested watersheds of the Adirondack Park, New York [J]. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta,49: 1697–1705.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Currie, W.S., Aber, J.D. 1997. Modeling leaching as a decomposition process in humid montane forests [J]. Ecology,78(6): 1844–1860.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Currie, W.S., Aber, J.D., McDowell, W.H.,et al. 1996. Vertical transport of dissolved organic C and N under long-term N amendments in pine and hardwood forests [J]. Biogeochemistry,35: 471–505.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Hongve, D., Van Hees, P.A.W. and Lundström, U.S. 2000. Dissolved components in precipitation water percolated through forest litter [J]. European Journal of Soil Science,51: 667–677.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Huang, W.Z., Schoenau, J.J. 1996. Distribution of water-soluble organic carbon in an aspen forest soil [J]. Canadian Journal of Forest Research,26: 1266–1272.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Kaiser, K., Guggenberger, G., Haumaier, L.,et al. 2001. Seasonal variations in the chemical composition of dissolved organic matter in organic forest floor layer leachates of old-growth Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) and European beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) stands in northeastern Bavaria, Germany [J]. Biogeochemistry,55: 103–143.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Kalbitz, K., Solinger, S., park, J.H.,et al. 2000. Controls on the dynamics of dissolved organic matter in soils: a review [J]. Soil Science,165(4): 277–304.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Kawahigashi, M., Sumida, H., Yamamoto, K. 2003. Seasonal changes in organic compounds in soil solutions obtained from volcanic ash soils under different land uses [J]. Geoderma,113: 381–396.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Lin Peng, Qiu Xizhao. 1986. Study on theCastanopsis kawakamii forest in the Wakeng area of Sanming city, Fujian province [J]. Acta Phytoecol. Geobot. Sinica,10(4): 241–252. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  13. Lundström, U.S. 1993. The role of organic acids in the soil solution chemistry of a podzolized soil [J]. Journal of Soil Science,44: 121–133.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. McDowell, W.H., Currie, W.S., Aber, J.D.,et al. 1998. Effects of chronic nitrogen amendments on production of dissolved organic carbon and nitrogen in forest soils [J]. Water, Air and Soil Pollution,105: 175–182.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. McDowell, W.H., Likens, G.E. 1988. Origin, composition and flux of dissolved organic carbon in the Hubbard Brook Valley [J]. Ecological Monographs,58: 177–195.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Michalzik, B., Kalbitz, K., Park, J.H.,et al. 2001. Fluxes and concentrations of dissolved organic carbon and nitrogen—a synthesis for temperate forest [J]. Biogeochemistry,52: 173–205.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Michalzik, B., Matzner, E. 1999. Dynamics of dissolved organic nitrogen and carbon in a central European Norway spruce ecosystem [J]. European Journal of Soil Science,50: 579–590.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Neff, J.C., Asner, G.P. 2001. Dissolved organic carbon in terrestrial ecosystems: synthesis and a model [J]. Ecosystems,4: 29–48.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Park, Ji-H., Matzner, E. 2003. Controls on the release of dissolved organic carbon and nitrogen from a deciduous forest floor investigated by manipulations of aboveground litter inputs and water flux [J]. Biogeochemistry,66: 265–286.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Qualls, R.G., Haines, B.L. 1991. Geochemistry of dissolved organic nutrients in water percolating through a forest ecosystem [J]. Soil Science Society of America Journal,55: 1112–1123.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Qualls, R.G., Haines, B.L., Swank, W.T. 1991. Fluxes of dissolved organic nutrients and humic substances in a deciduous forest [J]. Ecology,72: 254–266.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Richter, D.D., Markewitz, D., Trumbore, S.E.,et al. 1999. Rapid accumulation and turnover of soil carbon in a re-establishing forest [J]. Nature,400: 56–58.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Schlesinger, W.H., Lichter, J. 2001. Limited carbon storage in soil and litter of experimental forest plots under increased atmospheric CO2 [J]. Nature,411: 466–468.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Scott, M.J., Jones, M.N., Woof, C.,et al. 1998. Concentrations and fluxes of dissolved organic carbon in drainage water from an upland peat system [J]. Environment International,24: 537–546.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Tipping, E., Woof, C., Rigg, E.,et al. 1999. Climatic influences on the leaching of dissolved organic matter from upland UK moorland soils, investigated by a field manipulation experiment [J]. Environment International,25: 83–95.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Vance, G.F., David, M.B. 1991. Forest soil response to acid and salt additions of sulfate: III. Solubilization and composition of dissolved organic carbon [J]. Soil Science,151: 297–305.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Yang Yusheng, Chen Guangshui, Lin Peng,et al. 2003. Fine root distribution, seasonal pattern and production in a native forest and monoculture plantations in subtropical China [J]. Acta Ecologica Sinica,23(9): 1719–1730. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  28. Yang Yusheng, Li Zhenwen, Liu Aiqin,et al. 1993. Studies on soil fertility for natural forest ofCastanopsis kawakamii replaced by broadleaf plantation [J]. Journal of Northeast Forestry University,21(5): 14–21. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  29. Yang Yusheng, Lin Ruiyu, Li Tingbo,et al. 2004b. Ultraviolet-visible spectroscopic characteristics of dissolved organic matter released from forest litterfall [J]. Journal of Tropical and Subtropical Botany,12(2): 124–128. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  30. Yang Yusheng, Guo Jianfen, Chen Guangshui,et al. 2004a. Litterfall, nutrient return, and leaf-litter decomposition in four plantations compared with a natural forest in subtropical China [J]. Annals of Forest Science,61: 465–476.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Zsolnay, A. 1996. Dissolved humus in soil waters [C]. In: Piccolo A (Ed.) Humic Substances in Terrestrial Ecosystems. Elsevier Science B.V., pp 171–223.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Northeast Forestry University 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zhang Jiang-shan
    • 1
  • Guo Jian-fen
    • 2
  • Chen Guang-shui
    • 2
  • Qian Wei
    • 2
  1. 1.Research Institute of Environmental ScienceFujian Normal UniversityFuzhouP.R. China
  2. 2.Key Laboratory of Subtropical Resources and Environments of Fujian ProvinceFuzhouP.R. China

Personalised recommendations