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Journal of Forestry Research

, Volume 15, Issue 2, pp 153–160 | Cite as

Review: effects of wind on trees

  • Zhu Jiao-jun
  • Liu Zu-gen
  • Li Xiu-fen
  • Takeshi Matsuzaki
  • Yutaka Gonda
Article

Abstract

Wind not only causes extensive damages to trees in many parts of the world, it also has more subtle effects on the growth and morphology of trees and forest ecology as well. Wind damage to trees has historically been the field of silviculture, but increasing recognition of the importance and complexity of the subject has recently got people involved from many other disciplines. Due to the global climate changes, it is believed that the risk of further and stronger storms is increasing. In order to better understand the effects of wind on individual trees, forest stand and forest ecosystem, and further to practice the management of forests, it is necessary to summarize the research results related to this subject. This review was mostly based on the references from recent researches in the field, especially from the symposium volumes of some international conferences on this subject. The results indicated that there have been significant progresses in the following aspects: 1) the aerodynamic interaction between wind and trees, 2) the mechanics of trees under wind loading and adaptive growth, 3) the tree's physiological responses to wind, and 4) the risk assessment of wind damage to forest. However, there are some aspects which may need further studies: 1) wind damage to natural forests, 2) wind-driven gap formation and forest dynamics, 3) the effects of changes resulted from wind disturbances on ecological processes of forest ecosystem, and 4) management for the wind-damaged forests.

Key words

Wind Wind effect Trees/forest Forest ecology Disturbance 

CLC number

S718 

Document code

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Copyright information

© Northeast Forestry University 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zhu Jiao-jun
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Liu Zu-gen
    • 1
    • 2
  • Li Xiu-fen
    • 1
    • 2
  • Takeshi Matsuzaki
    • 3
  • Yutaka Gonda
    • 3
  1. 1.Institute of Applied EcologyChinese Academy of SciencesShenyangP. R. China
  2. 2.Gratuate SchoolChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingP. R. China
  3. 3.Faculty of AgricultureNiigata UniversityNiligataJapan

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