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American Potato Journal

, Volume 69, Issue 10, pp 653–665 | Cite as

Influence of heat stress on dry matter production and photo-assimilate partitioning by four potato clones

  • Helena Gawronska
  • Michael K. Thornton
  • Robert B. Dwelle
Article

Abstract

Partitioning patterns of14C labeled assimilates were studied to determine their relationship to dry matter accumulation and distribution in four potato clones (Desiree, DTO-28, LT-1 and Russet Burbank). Plants placed in growth chambers at 35/25 C day/night temperature and 12-hour photo-period two weeks after tuber initiation were compared with plants grown continuously at 25/12 C. Two weeks after temperature treatments were begun, the most recently expanded leaf was labeled with14CO2 for 30 minutes, and plants were harvested 20 hours or 15 days later. High temperature reduced total dry matter production and altered dry matter distribution in favor of vines at the expense of tubers. Partitioning of14C assimilates generally followed the pattern of dry matter distribution. Potato clones exhibited variation in14C assimilate export from labeled leaves and in partitioning to vines and tubers. Assimilate partitioning to tubers was not consistently higher in clones considered heat tolerant.

Additional Key Words

Heat stress tagged carbon radioactivity 

Compendio

Se estudiaron las formas de distribución de los productos de la fotosíntesis marcados con14C para determinar su relación con la acumulación de materia seca y su distribución en cuatro clones de papa (Desirée, DTO28, LT-1 y Russet Burbank). Se compararon plantas colocadas en cámaras de crecimiento a 35/25 C de temperaturas diurna/nocturna y 12 horas de fotoperiodo dos semanas después del inicio de la tuberización, con plantas en crecimiento continuo a 25/12 C. Dos semanas después de iniciarse los tratamientos térmicos, se marcó la hoja más recientemente expandida con14CO2 por 30 minutos y se cosecharon las plantas 20 horas o 15 días más tarde. La temperatura alta redujo la productión total de materia seca y alteró la distribución de la misma en favor del follaje a expensas de los tubérculos. La distribución de los productos de la fotosíntesis marcados con14C siguió generalmente la forma de distribución de la materia seca. Los clones de papa exhibieron variación en la exportación de los productos14C asimilados de las hojas marcadas y en la distribución de éstos en el follaje y en los tubérculos. La distribución de los productos asimilados en los tubérculos no fue consistentemente mayor en los clones considerados como resistentes al calor.

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Copyright information

© Springer 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Helena Gawronska
    • 1
  • Michael K. Thornton
    • 2
  • Robert B. Dwelle
    • 3
  1. 1.Dept. of Plant PhysiologyWarsaw Agricultural UniversityWarsawPoland
  2. 2.Dept. of Plant, Soil & Entomological SciencesUniversity of IdahoParma
  3. 3.Dept. of Plant, Soil & Entomological SciencesUniversity of IdahoMoscow

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