Advances in geobotany, plant ecology, taxonomy and geography in the Czech Socialist Republic during the last 30 years
Although the various branches of botany were at a different stage of development in 1948, which influenced their progress, in later years they were all offered the same opportunities.
Geobotany continued in the previously approved tradition of vegetation studies and monographs; even several modern handbooks had been written on geobotany before 1948. Progress in this field was greatly supported by intensive geobotanical research work in the Soviet Union.
Ecology, which was virtually in its initial phase in 1948, made great progress in a relatively short time. Plant ecologists with a sound knowledge of modern methods in plant physiology were capable of carrying on successful work on the IBP in Czechoslovakia.
Considerable progress made in the late forties in taxonomy and floristics is shown inDostál’s “Květena ČSR” (Flora of Czechoslovakia) and in intensive floristic activities ot the Czechoslovak Botanical Society. The Geobotanical Laboratory, Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences, became engaged in experimental taxonomy; later the Botanical Institute of the Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences supported studies on chromosome counts. In general, work performed within the last 30 years was concerned with a critical investigation of a quantity of species. This resulted in a number of studies and, in the last 10 years, in intensified chromosome counts.
KeywordsCzechoslovak Academy Botanical Institute Vegetation Unit Plant Geography Czech Land
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