Effect of temperature under unfavourable conditions on oxygen uptake of larval herring,Clupea harengus
Oxygen uptake under starvation and short periods of sudden temperature change was measured for larval herring (Clupea harengus L.) reared at average temperature of 7.3, 11 and 12.9°C. Larval stages between first feeding and premetamorphosis were used. For comparison, the routine oxygen uptake (ROU) was also investigated and followed the relationshipQ=0.974+0.174tW −0.210, whereQ is in μg/(mg·h),W is dry body weight in mg andt is temperature in °C. The oxygen uptake under starvation (SOU, deprived of food for 24 h) was different from the routine when the larval dry weight was less than 0.6–0.8 mg; it increased with temperature and body weight giving the relationshipQ=1.568+0.110tW 0.380; if the larval dry weight was more than 0.6–0.8 mg, it reverted to the norm (Q=1.704+0.078tW −0.349). The oxygen uptake was tested in short periods (3 h) of sudden temperature changes in six groups: 7.3 to 11, 7.3 to 12.9, 11 to 7.3, 11 to 12.9, 12.9 to 7.3 and 1.29 to 11°C. The oxygen uptake in the 7.3 to 12.9 and 12.9 to 7.3°C groups varied in a way similar to that of the larvae under starvation. The other four groups' oxygen uptake were more or less normal.
Key wordsherring larvae oxygen uptake starvation sadden temperature change respirometry
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