American Potato Journal

, Volume 54, Issue 6, pp 277–287 | Cite as

Effect of production temperature of seed potatoes on subsequent yielding potential

  • B. H. McCown
  • L. Kass


A two year experiment was conducted to test if the temperature environment under which seed potatoes are produced significantly affects the tuber development and yield of the resultant potato plants. Six temperature regimes were established in the controlled facility of the Biotron. Two generations ofSolanum tuberosum ‘Kennebec’ tubers were grown in these environments and the yielding ability of plants produced from these tubers was tested in greenhouse facilities. Plant growth and tuber yields were similar to those which might be expected under field conditions, and marked differences in the development and productivity as a result of the production environment of the seed tubers were apparent. However, no evidence was found to support the contention that seed potatoes originating from cooler environments had any increased potential to produce higher yielding plants than comparable seed from warm environments. Even within a generation, the highest yields were found in the warmest environments, somewhat modifying the concept that the potato is strictly a cool-season crop. Other possible non-pathogenic explanations for previously observed differences in seed quality as a result of the production environment are discussed.


AMERICAN Potato Journal Tuber Yield Seed Potato Seed Tuber Production Temperature 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Se condujo un experimente de dos años para probar si la temperatura ambiental, bajo la cual se produce la semilla de papa, afecta significativamente el desarrollo de los tubérculos y el rendimiento de las plantas resultantes. Se establecieron seis regímenes de temperatura en la facilidad controlada del Biotron. Dos generaciones de tubérculosS. tuberosum “Kennebec” se cultivaron en esos ambientes y se probó en el invernadero la habilidad de rendimiento de las plantas producidas por esos tubérculos. El crecimiento y el rendimiento fueron similares a lo que se esperaría de condiciones de campo, y diferencias marcadas en el desarrollo y la productividad fueron aparentes como resultado del ambiente de productión. Sin embargo no se encontre evidencia para apoyar la idea de que la semilla que se origina de ambientes frós pueda tener mayor potential para producir rendimientos más altos que semilla de ambientes calientes. Aún dentro de una generatión, los rendimientos más altos se encontraron en los ambientes más calientes, en algo modificando el concepto de que la papa es un cultivo estrictamente de estación fría. Se discuten otras explicaciones posibles no-patológicas para las diferencias observadas previamente en la calidad de la semilla como resultado del ambiente de production.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literature Cited

  1. 1.
    Goodwin, P.B., A. Brown, J.H. Lennard and F.L. Milthorpe. 1969. Effect of centre of production, maturity and storage treatment of seed tubers on the growth of early potatoes. II. Field growth. J Agric Sci 73:167–176.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Gregory, L.E. 1954. Some factors controlling tuber formation in the potato plant. Ph.D. Thesis, Univ. of California, Los Angeles.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Highkin, H.R. 1958. Temperature-induced variability in peas. Am J Bot 45:626–631.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Iritani, W.M. 1967. Some factors affecting productivity of Russet Burbank seed potatoes. Am Potato J 44:153–158.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Iritani, W.M. 1968. Factors affecting physiological aging (degeneration) of potato tubers used as seed. Am Potato J 45:111–116.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Joarder, I.O., Y. Al-Saheal, J. Begum and A. Durrant. 1975. Environments inducing changes in amount of DNA in flax. Heredity 34:247–254.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Lowe, L.B., G.S. Ayers and S.K. Ries. 1972. Relationship of seed protein and amino acid composition to seedling vigor and yield of wheat. Agron J 64:608–611.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Marinus, J. and K.B.A. Bodlaender. 1975. Response of some potato varieties to temperature. Potato Res 18:189–204.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Simmonds, N.W. 1971. The potential of potatoes in the tropics. Trop Agric (Trinidad) 48:291–299.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Smith, O. 1968. Seed value of potato tubers.In Potatoes: Production, storage, and processing. O. Smith, ed. The Avi Publishing Co., Westport, Conn. pp. 126–147.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Smith, O. 1968. Environmental factors.In Potatoes: Production, storage, and processing. O. Smith, ed. The Avi Publishing Co., Westport, Conn. pp. 259–279.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Strbac, V.D., G.S. Ayers and S.K. Ries. 1974. The protein fractions in chemically induced high-protein wheat seed. Cereal Chem 51:316–323.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Went, F.W. 1959. Effects of environment of parent and grandparent generations on tuber production by potatoes. Am J Botany 46:277–282.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Werner, H.O. 1942. Relative response of several varieties of potatoes to progressively changing temperature and photoperiods controlled to simulate “northern” and “southern” conditions. Am Potato J 19:30–40.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 1977

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. H. McCown
    • 1
  • L. Kass
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of HorticultureUniversity of WisconsinMadison

Personalised recommendations