On the virial coefficients of the equation of state of a system of non-axial molecules
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A thermodynamic perturbation theory in which all angle-dependent interactions are considered as a perturbation of the central potential is applied to calculate the second and third virial coefficients of a fluid composed of non-axial molecules. The influence of a large number of anisotropic pair- and three-body non-ādditive interactions has been considered. Experimental values have been used for the dipole moment, quadrupole tensor and for anisotropic polarizability. The parameters for the central Lennard-Jones (12-6) potential have been determined from the viscosity data. The relative contribution of each branch of pair and triplet interactions has been evaluated as a function of temperature for molecules possessing both the axial- and non-axial symmetries. It has been shown that the non-axial approximation is an improvement over the axial one. Theoretical results have been compared with the experimental data of CH3OH.
KeywordsSecond and third virial coefficients electric multipole moments induction, dispersion and repulsive interactions Pade approximant
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