Advertisement

Journal of Northeast Forestry University

, Volume 7, Issue 3, pp 13–18 | Cite as

Study on the host biological induced resistance of bacterial canker of poplar

  • Song Ruiqing
Article

Abstract

This is the first time that biological induced resistance has been used in the research of the bacterial canker on poplar. After inoculated with less-aggressive strains, middle-aggressive strains and non-aggressive strains (high-aggressive strains have been treated with 400W ultraviolet lamp for 30 min on super-clean working table) poplar seedlings have been inoculated with high-aggressive strains. The results of those experiments shown that strain 3 (from Suihua, Heilongjiang)and strain 9 (from Liaoning) can significantly enhance the activities of the peroxidase of host, and the effects of twice inoculation were much better than that of once inoculation. 7.1% and 4.0% of the peroxidase activities have been enhanced respectively in the seedlings which were twice inoculation with strains 3 and strains 9. 1.1% and 1.2% of the peroxidase activities have been enhanced by inoculated strains 3 and strains 9 once into seedlings.

Key words

Bacterial canker of poplar Host biological induced resistance 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Reference

  1. 1.
    Bazzigher von G., et al., 1981 Irreversible pathogenitatsver-minderrung beiEndothia parasitica durchubertragbare Hypovirulenz. Eur. J. For. Path. 11:385–369CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bell A. A. and M. E. Mace, 1981, Biochemistry and physiology of resistance In Fungal with diseases in plants (Ed. By M. E. Mace et al.,) Academic Press, NY. PP. 431–486Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Bigham, R. T. 1972, Taxonomy, crossability and relative blister rust resistance of 5-needle white pines, In: Biology of rust resistance in forest trees. P271-280 Misc. Publ. No. 1221. Forest Serv. U. S. Department, Agr.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Caruso F. L. Et al 1979. Induced resistance of cucumber to anthracnose and angular leaf spot byPseudomonas lachrymans andColletotricchum lagenarium physiology. Plant path. 14: 191–201Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Davis, D. 1968. Partial control ofFusariumt Wilt in tomato by format ofFusarium oxysporum, Phytopathol. 58: 121–122Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Deverall, B. J. 1977. Defense mechanisms of plant Cambridge U. Press, England. 111 IP.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Dumas, M. T., et al., 1986. Inhibitionof Ceratocystis ulmi by mansonones A, C. D. E. F. And G isolated fromUlmus americana. Eur. For Path. 16: 217–222CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Elgersma, D. M. 1980, Resistance mechanisms of elm to Dutch elm diseases. IN: Resistance to disease and pest in forest trees. Proc. Of the 3rd international workshop on the genetics of hostparasite interaction in forestry. Wagengen, The Netherlands, pp. 143–152Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Elgersma, D. M. Et al., 1971. The relation of mansonones to resistance against Dutch elm disease and their accumulation, as induced by several agent. Neth. J. P1. Path. 77: 168–174CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Goodman, R. N. 1967. Protection of apple stem tissues againstErwinia amylovora infection by virulent and avirulent strains and three other bacterial species. Phytopath. 57: 22–24Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Hammerschmidt, R. and Kuc, J. 1979, Isolation and identification of phytuberin fromNicotiana tabacume perilously infiltrated with an incompatible bacterium. Phytochemistry. 18: 874–875CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Hammerschmidl, R. and Kuc, J. 1980 Enhanced peroxidase activity and lignification in the induced systemic resistance of cucumber. Phytopath. 70: 689Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Hammerschmidt, R. E. M. Nuckles and J. Kuc, 1982 Association of enhanced peroxidases activity with induced systemic resistance of cucumber toColletotrichum lagenarium. Physiolog plant path. 20: 73–82Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Harkin, J. M., et al.. 1973. Lingnification in trees: Indication of Exclusive peroxidase participation. Science. 180:296–298PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Helton, A. W. And J. W. Braun 1971. Induced resistance toCytospora in bearing trees ofPrunus domestica Phytopath. 81: 731–732Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Hubbes, M. Et al, 1981 Aggressiveness ofCeratocysis Ulmi strains and induction of resistance inUlmus americana. Eur. J. For. Path. 11: 257–264CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Hubbes, M. 1986. Machanisms of induced resistance in trees.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Jeng R. S. Et al., 1983 Presence and accumulation of fungitoxic substances againstCeratocytis ulmi inUlmus ameriana: possiable of relations to induced resistance. Kur. J. For. Pathol 13: 239–244CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Jeng R. S. and M. Hubbes, 1983. Identification of aggressive and non-aggressive ofCeratocytis ulmi by polyacrylamide gradient gel electrophoresis of intramycelial proteins. Mycotaxon. 17: 445–455Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Klement, Z.: Farkas, G. L., Lovekovich, L., 1964. Hypersensitive reaction induced by phytopathogenic bacteria in the tobacco leaf phytopthology. 54; 474–477Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Kuc J. Et al., 1977. Activated coordinated chemical defense against disease in plants. ACS symposium series No. 62. Host plant resistance to pests, (ed. P. A. Hedin). Amer. Chem. Soc. 78–79Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Liu Shan da and Ralph Baker. 1980 Mechanism of biological control in sed suppressive toRhizoctonia solani. Phytopath. 70 (5): 404–405Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Matta. A. et al., Control ofVerticillum Wilt to tomato by preinoculation with avirulent fungi. Netherlands J. Plant Pathol. 83:457–462Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Miller S. A., et al., 1984. Expression of genetic susceptibility, host resistance, and nonhost resistance in alfalfa callustissue inoculated withPhytophthora megaspevma. Phytopath. 74: 345–348Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Muller, K. O. And Borger, H. 1940. Experimentalle Untersuchungen uber diePhytophthora- resisten de Kartoffel-zugleich ein Beitrag zum problem de erworbenen resistenz in pflanzenreich. Arbeiten aus der Biologischen Abteilung AnstaltReichasanst, Berlin, 23: 189–231Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Randall, H.;A. W. Helton, 1975. Effect of inoculation date and induction of resistance toCytospora in Italian prune trees byCytospora cincta. Phytopathol. 66: 206–207Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Tjamos Z. C. 1979. Induction of resistance toVerticillium wilt in cucumber (Cucunus sastivus). Physiolo. Plant Pathol. 15: 223–227Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Van Alfen, N. K., R. Jaynes and S. Anagnostakis 1975. Chestnuts blight: biological control by transmissible hypovirulence inEndothia parasitica. Nature, 189:890–891Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Verma, H. N. And Abid Ali khan. M. M. 1984. J. Plant disease and protection. 91: 26–272Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    1987, 3(2): 88–90Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Northeast Forestry University 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Song Ruiqing
    • 1
  1. 1.Northeast Forestry UniversityHarbinChina

Personalised recommendations