Simple simulation of the annual variation of the specific photosynthesis rate in Jiaozhou Bay

  • Ren Ling
  • Zhang Man-ping
  • Lu Xian-kun
  • Feng Shi-zuo
  • Uwe H. Brockmann


A simple diagnostic simulation of the annual cycling of the surface specific photosynthesis rate (SPR) in Jiaozhou Bay is described in this paper. Light intensity, temperature and nutrients (nitrate+ammonia, phosphate) were considered as main factors controlling photosynthesis of phytoplankton and were introduced into the model by different function equations. The simulated variation of specific photosynthesis rate coincided with the measured data. Analysis of the effect of every factor on photosynthesis indicated that the variation of photosynthesis rate was controlled by all these three factors, while temperature showed good correlation with SPR as measurement showed. This diagnostic simulation yielded the values of some parameter relating with the photosynthesis in Jiaozhou Bay.

Key words

simulation specific photosynthesis rate surface seawater Jiaozhou Bay 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Anderson, T., 1997. Pelagic nutrient cycles, herbivores as sources and sinks. Springer-Verlag Berlin, Heidelberg, New York, 280p.Google Scholar
  2. Baumert, H., 1996. On the theory of photosynthesis and growth in phytoplankton. Part 1. Light limitation and constant temperature.Int. Revue ges. Hydrobiol. 81(1): 109–139.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Burmaster, D. E., 1979. The continuous culture of phytoplankton: mathematical equivalence among three unsteady state models.Am. Nat. 113: 123–134.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Campbell, E. E., Bate, G. C., 1988. The photosynthesis response of surf. phytoplankton to temperature.Botanica Marina 31: 251–255.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Chapelle, A., Lazure, P., Menesguen, A., 1994. Modeling eutrophication events in a coastal ecosystem: sensitiity analysis.Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 39: 529–548.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Chen, C. W., Orlob, G. T., 1975. Ecological simulation of aquatic environments.In: Patten B. C. ed., System Analysis and Simulation in Ecology, Vol. 3, Academic Press, New York, p. 476–588.Google Scholar
  7. Droop, M. R., 1983. 25 years of algal growth kinetics, a personal review.Botanic Marina (XXVI): 99–112.Google Scholar
  8. Dugdale, R. C., Goering, J. J., 1967. Uptake of new and regenerated forms of nitrogen in primary production.Limnol. Oceanogr. 12: 196–206.Google Scholar
  9. Eppley, R. W., 1972. Temperature and phytoplankton growth in the sea.Fish. Bull. U. S. 70(4): 1063–1085.Google Scholar
  10. Fransz, H. G., Verhagen, J. H. G., 1985. Modelling research on the productioncycle of phytoplankton in the southern bight of the North Sea in relation to riverborne nutrient loads.Neth. J. Sea Res. 19: 142–250.Google Scholar
  11. Jπrgensen, S. E., 1994. Fundamentals of ecological modelling (2nd edition). Elsevier, Amsterdam, p. 65.Google Scholar
  12. Kinney E. H., Vharles, T. R., 1998. Response of primary producers to nutrient enrichment, in a shallow estuary.Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 163: 89–98.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Lalli, C. M., Parsons, T. R., ed., 1993. Biological Oceanography, an Introduction. Pergamon Press, Oxford. p25.Google Scholar
  14. Mitchell, B. G., Brody, E. A., 1991. Light limitation of phytoplankton biomass and macronutrients utilization in the Southem Ocean.Limnol. Oceanol. 36 (8): 1662–1677.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Nielsen, E. S., 1975. Marine Photosynthesis, with Special Emphasis on the Ecological Aspects. Elsevier Scientific Publishing Company. Amsterdam, London, New York, p. 435.Google Scholar
  16. Pan Youlian, Zen Chengkui, Guo Yujie. 1992. Assimilation number of phytoplanktonIn: Liu Ruiyu ed., Ecological and Living Resources of Jiaozhou Bay, Science Press, Beijing. p. 72. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  17. Platt, T., Jassby, A. D., 1976. The relationship between photosynthesis rate and light for natural assemblages of coastal marine phytoplankton.J. Phycol. 12(4): 421–430.Google Scholar
  18. Riley, G. A., 1947. Factors controlling phytoplankton populations on Geoges Bank.J. Mar. Res. 5–6: 55–72.Google Scholar
  19. Schroeder, F., 1997. Water quality in the Elbe estuary: significance of different processes for the oxygen deficit at Hamburg.Emiron. Model. and Assess. 2: 73–82.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Shen Zhiliang, 1995. The variation of nutrients in Jiaozhou Bay.In: Jiao Nianzhi ed., Ecology in Jiaozhou Bay, Science Press, Beijing, p. 55. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  21. Steele, J. H., 1962. Environmental control of photosynthesis in the sea.Limnol Oceanol. 7(2): 137–150Google Scholar
  22. Tett, P., Edward, A., 1986. A model for the growth of shelf—sea phytoplankton in summer.Esturaine, Coast and Shelf Science 23: 641–672.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Science Press 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ren Ling
    • 1
  • Zhang Man-ping
    • 1
  • Lu Xian-kun
    • 1
  • Feng Shi-zuo
    • 2
  • Uwe H. Brockmann
    • 3
  1. 1.College of Chem. and Chemical EngineeringOcean University of QingdaoQingdaoChina
  2. 2.Institute of Physical OceanographyOcean University of QingdaoQingdaoChina
  3. 3.Institute of Biogeochemistry and Marine ChemistryUniversity of HamburgHamburgGermany

Personalised recommendations