A novel splice mutation of HERG in a Chinese family with long QT syndrome
Congenital long QT syndrome (LQTS) is a genetically heterogeneous disease in which six ion-channel genes have been identified. The phenotype-genotype relationships of the HERG (human ether-a-go-go-related gene) mutations are not fully understood. The objective of this study is to identify the underlying genetic basis of a Chinese family with LQTS and to characterize the clinical manifestations properties of the mutation. Single strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP) analyses were conducted on DNA fragments amplified by polymerase chain reaction from five LQT-related genes. Aberrant conformers were analyzed by DNA sequencing. A novel splice mutation in C-terminus of HERG was identified in this Chinese LQTS family, leading to the deletion of 11-bp at the acceptor splice site of Exon9 [Exon9 IVS del (−12→−2)]. The, mutation might affect, through deficient splicing, the putative cyclic nucleotide binding domain (CNBD) of the HERG K+ channel. This mutation resulted in a mildly affected phenotype. Only the proband had a history of syncopes, while the other three individuals with long QT interval had no symptoms. Two other mutation carriers displayed normal phenotype. No sudden death occurred in the family. The 4 affected individuals and the two silent mutation carriers were all heterozygous for the mutation. It is the first splice mutation of HERG reported in Chinese LQTS families. Clinical data suggest that the CNBD mutation may be less malignant than mutations occurring in the pore region and be partially dominant over wild-type function.
Key wordsHERG gene Long QT syndrome Cardiac arrhythmia C-terminus Acceptor splice site mutation
CLC numberR541.7 R596.2
- Berthet, M., Denjoy, I., Donger, C., Demay, L., Hammoude, H., Klug, D., Schulze-Bahr, E., Richard, P., Funke, H., Schwartz, K.,et al., 1999. C-terminal HERG mutations: The role of hypokalemia and a KCNQ1-associated mutation in cardiac event occurrence.Circulation,99(11): 1464–1470.PubMedGoogle Scholar
- Neyroud, N., Tesson, F., Denjoy, I., Leibovici, M., Donger, C., Barhanin, J., Faure, S., Gary, F., Coumel, P., Petit, C.,et al., 1997. A novel mutation in the potassium channel gene KVLQT1 causes the jervell and Lange-Nielsen cardioauditory syndrome.Nat Genet,15(2):186–189.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Plaster, N.M., Tawil, R., Tristani-Firouzi, M., Canun, S., Bendahhou, S., Tsunoda, A., Donaldson, M.R., Iannaccone, S.T., Brunt, E., Barohn, R.,et al., 2001. Mutations in Kir2.1 cause the developmental and episodic electrical phenotypes of Andersen's syndrome.Cell,105(4): 511–519.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar