Journal of Zhejiang University-SCIENCE A

, Volume 5, Issue 3, pp 269–273 | Cite as

A new photonic bandgap cover for a patch antenna with a photonic bandgap substrate

Computer & Information Science


A new photonic bandgap (PBG) cover for a patch antenna with a photonic bandgap substrate is introduced. The plane wave expansion method and the FDTD method were used to calculate such an antenna system. Numerical results for the input return loss, radiation pattern, surface wave, and the directivity of the antennas are presented. A comparison between the conventional patch antenna and the new PBG antenna is given. It is shown that the new PBG cover is very efficient for improving the radiation directivity. The physical reasons for the improvement are also given.

Key words

Photonic bandgap cover Patch antenna FDTD Plane wave expansion method 

Document code

CLC number

TN82 O73 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Balanis, C.A., 1997. Antenna Theory: Analysis and Design, Second Edition. John Wiley & Sons Inc., New York.Google Scholar
  2. Berenger, J.P., 1994. A perfectly matched layer for the adsorption of electromagnetic waves.J. Comput. Phys.,114:185–200.MathSciNetCrossRefMATHGoogle Scholar
  3. Brown, E.R., Parker, C.D., Yablonovitch, E., 1993. Radiation properties if a planar antenna on a photonic crystal substrate.J. Opt. Soc. Am. B,10:404.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Gonzalo, R., Martinez, B., De Maagt, P., Sorolla, M., 1999. Improved patch antenna performance by using photonic bandgap substrates.Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett.,24:213–215.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Joannopoulos, J.D., Villeneuve, P.R., Fan, S., 1997. Photonic crystals: putting a new twist on light.Nature,386:143.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Kesler, M.P., Maloney, J.G., Shirley, B.L., Smith, G.S., 1996. Antenna design with the use of photonic bandgap materials as all-dielectric planar reflectors.Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett.,11:169–174.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Lin, Q.C., Fu, J., He, S.L., Zhang, J.W., 2002. Metallic photonic bandgap resonant antennas with high directivity and high radiation resistance.Chin. Phys. Lett.,19:804–806.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Ozbay, E., Abeyta, A., Tuttle, G., Tringides, M., Biswas, R., Chan, C.T., Soukoulis, C.M., Ho, K.M., 1994. Measurement of athree-dimensional photonic band gap in a crystal structure made of dielectric rods.Phys. Rev.: B,50:1945–1948.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Plihal, M., Maradudin, A.A., 1991. Photonic band structure of two-dimensional systems: the triangular lattice.Phys. Rev.: B,44:8565–571.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Qiu, M., He, S.L., 2000. Numerical method for computing defect modes in two-dimensional photonic crystals with dielectric or metallic inclusions.Phys. Rev.: B,61:12871–2876.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Simovski, C.R., He, S.L., 2001. Antennas based on modified metallic photonic bandgap structures consisting of capacitively loaded wires.Microw Opt. Technol. Lett.,31:214–221.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Taflove, A., 1995. Computational Electrodynamics: The Finite-Difference Time-Domain Method. Boston-London: Artech House, chap 3.MATHGoogle Scholar
  13. Thèvenot, M., Denis, M.S., Reineix, A., Jecko, B., 1999. Design of a new photonic cover to increase antenna directivity.Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett.,22:136–139.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Yablonovitch, E., 1994. Photonic crystals.J. Modern Opt.,41:173–194.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Ying, Z., Kildal, P.S., 1996. Improvements of dipole, helix, spiral, microstrip patch and aperture antennas with ground planes by using corrugated soft surfaces.IEEE Process-Microwave Antennas Propagation,143:244–248.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Zhejiang University Press 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Modern Optical Instrumentation, Center of Optical and Electromagnetic ResearchZhejiang UniversityHangzhouChina

Personalised recommendations