HF doppler observations on the occurrence of equatorial spread-F

  • B. T. Vikram Kumar
  • P. Velayudhan Nair
  • P. B. Rao


HF doppler observations of the vertical drift velocity and group height of the 5.5 MHz plasma frequency level of the post-sunset bottomside F-region obtained on a fewESF (equatorial spread-F) and non-ESF days at Trivandrum are presented. The results show that on the non-ESF days, the maximum group height attained is about 400 km and the maximum velocity is less than 30 m/sec. On theESF days, however, the corresponding values are found to be in the range of 400–650 km and 30–50 m/sec. TheESF onset is found to be significantly delayed relative to the velocity peak indicating that it is more closely linked to the layer height than to the drift velocity.


HF doppler observations vertical shift velocity group height equatorial spread-F drift velocity layer height 


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Copyright information

© Indian Academy of Sciences 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. T. Vikram Kumar
    • 1
  • P. Velayudhan Nair
    • 1
  • P. B. Rao
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PhysicsUniversity of KeralaKariavattom, TrivandrumIndia

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