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Coral reefs, sometimes called the “the rainforests of the sea” for their extraordinary biological diversity, are one of the most beautiful ecosystems of our planet. These shallow-water ecosystems are distributed in tropical and subtropical oceanic regions and harbour a multitude of life forms with sometimes very complex interactions. Recent threats to the coral reefs as a result of human induced disturbances (leading to large as well as small scale effects), their consequences to reef ecology and possible conservation measures are discussed
KeywordsCoral ecology biodiversity marine animal behaviour
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