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Journal of Geographical Sciences

, Volume 14, Issue 2, pp 187–192 | Cite as

Regional comprehensive assessment on environment-health of China

  • Wang Wuyi
  • Li Ribang
  • Liao Yongfeng
  • Li Hairong
  • Yang Linsheng
  • Tan Jianan
Environmental Researches

Abstract

The aim of the study was to assess the environment-health development in different regions of China. 175 indicators, such as average life expectancy at birth, emission intensity of waste gas, GDP etc. were chosen to describe various aspects of the environment, health and development of China. Of all the indicators, life expectancy can sufficiently reflect health situation of population. Consequently, life expectancy was identified as key indicator, and 42 out of 175 indicators were selected for establishing the environment-health indicator framework with three grades of integrative indices to assess the development of environment-health of China. Based on the hierarchical relation between various grades of indices, the comprehensive environment-health index was calculated and contributed to classify the environment-health situation of 30 provinces, municipalities and autonomous regions in China which were divided into five grades by four predefined limits. Comprehensive assessment indicates that the environment-health situation of the eastern and coastal areas is superior to that of inland which is the western regions with underdeveloped economy and rigorous natural condition. Especially, the Qinghai-Tibet and Yunnan-Guizhou plateaus in southwestern China are most vulnerable in the environment and population health. These fit in with the pattern of national socio-economic development, which fully shows that socio-economic context plays a dominant role in the improvement of environment-health in China.

Key words

environment-health indicators comprehensive assessment 

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Copyright information

© Springer 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wang Wuyi
    • 1
  • Li Ribang
    • 1
  • Liao Yongfeng
    • 1
  • Li Hairong
    • 1
  • Yang Linsheng
    • 1
  • Tan Jianan
    • 1
  1. 1.Inst. of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CASBeijingChina

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