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Journal of Geographical Sciences

, Volume 13, Issue 3, pp 271–285 | Cite as

Climatological characteristics of the tropics in China: climate classification schemes between German scientists and Huang Bingwei

  • Manfred Domroes
Climatology

Abstract

Reviewing some important German scientists who have developed climatic regionalization schemes either on a global or Chinese scale, their various definitions of the tropical climate characteristics in China are discussed and compared with Huang Bingwei’s climate classification scheme and the identification of the tropical climate therein. It can be seen that, due to different methodological approaches of the climatic regionalization schemes, the definitions of the tropics vary and hence also their spatial distribution in China. However, it is found that the tropical climate type occupies only a peripheral part of southern China, though it firmly represents a distinctive type of climate that is subsequently associated with a great economic importance for China. As such, the tropical climate type was mostly identified with its agro-climatological significance, that is by giving favourable growing conditions all-year round for perennial crops with a great heat demand. Tropical climate is, hence, conventionally regarded to be governed by all-year round summer conditions “where winter never comes”.

Key words

tropical climate climate regionalization schemes China Asia-Pacific region 

CLC number

P461 

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Copyright information

© Springer 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Manfred Domroes
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of GeographyMainz UniversityMainzGermany
  2. 2.Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijing
  3. 3.University of PeradeniyaSri Lanka

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