Emil Fischer is considered to be the founding father of the field of peptide chemistry and originator of the term peptide. In the beginning of the 20th century, Fischer had a clear vision to foresee the day when a protein would be synthesized. Subsequent to this brilliant beginning, progress however was slow for the next 50 years. In 1953, the chemical synthesis of oxytocin by duVigneaud was a landmark achievement. The subsequent decades witnessed the discovery of a vast number of biologically active peptides. The last two decades of the 20th century was filled with hopes of multiple simultaneous synthesis, peptide libraries and peptide vaccines. This article is a concise account of the types of family of peptides discovered and their biological role.
KeywordsOxytocin Nobel Prize Peptide Vaccine Peptide Antibiotic Peptide Chemistry
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