Effects of Tribuli saponins on left ventricular remodeling after acute myocardial infarction in rats with hyperlipidemia
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Objective: To observe the effect of Tribuli saponins (TS) on left ventricular remodeling after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in rats with hyperlipemia.Methods: A composite model of myocardial infarction and hyperlipemia was established and treated with TS to observe its effect on cardiac structure and function by echocardiography.Results: (1) Cardiac function: As compared with the model group, the fractional shortening (FS) and ejection fraction (EF) got increased, and the left ventricular end diastolic volume (LVEDV) and systolic volume (LVESV) got lower in the groups treated with high dose TS and simvastatin (P<0.05 orP<0.01), but difference between the two treated groups was insignificant. (2) Cardiac structure: As compared with the model group, the left ventricular dimension end diastole (LVDd) and systole (LVDs) in the groups treated with high dose TS and simvastatin got lower (P<0.05 orP<0.01). No treatment showed any effect on the thickness of ventricular wall. (3)Ventricular weight index: Both high dose TS and simvastatin could decrease the left ventricular weight index (LVWI) (P<0.05).Conclusion: TS could attenuate the left ventricular remodeling after acute myocardial infarction to certain extent, and improve cardiac function in the early phase after AMI, thus playing an important role in controlling morbidity and mortality of cardiac events and long-term prognosis.
Key WordsTribuli saponins ventricular remodeling hyperlipemia acute myocardial infarction
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