, Volume 10, Issue 12, pp 106–124 | Cite as

Pollen grains, random walks and einstein

  • Sriram Ramaswamy


This article reviews the history of the phenomenon of Brownian motion, how it confirmed the molecular view of matter, and how it led to the invention of nonequilibrium statistical mechanics.


Brownian Motion Random Walk Kinetic Theory Brownian Particle Tiny Particle 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Suggested reading

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    J Perrin,Atoms (Constable, London, 1916; reprinted by Oxbow Press, Amtierst, Massachusetts, USA, 1990).Google Scholar
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    S Chandrasekhar,Rev. Mod. Phys., 15, 1–89 (1943); reprinted in N Wax,Selected papers on noise and stochastic processes (Dover, New York, 1954), which has several other classic papers on Brownian motion.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    A Einstein,Investigations on the theory of the Brownian movement (Methuen, London, 1926; reprinted by Dover, New York).Google Scholar
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    Balakrishnan Ramaswamy, Fractals: A New Geometry of Nature,Resonance, Vol.2, No.10, 62, 1997.Google Scholar
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    F ReitFundamentals of statistical and thermal physics, (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1965): Ch. 1 discusses random walks in great detail.Google Scholar
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Copyright information

© Indian Academy of Sciences 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Physics Indian Institute of ScienceCentre for Condensed-Marter TheoryBangaloreIndia

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