Journal of Applied Metalworking

, Volume 1, Issue 1, pp 20–28 | Cite as

Review of foreign research and development on computer-aided metal forming systems

  • Francis W. Boulger


This article reviews foreign studies on methods of using electronic computers to improve productivity and lower the costs of manufacturing discrete parts by forming processes. Some improvements will result from applying electronic controls, similar to those used quite widely for metalcutting machines, to metalforming equipment. That change will reduce the charges for direct labor on product costs. It appears, however, that the use of computers will have more important and drastic effects by changing the production system for making parts in small and medium-size lots. Computer assistance in design, production planning, scheduling, record keeping, and material handling is capable of reducing the labor input of white-collar and overhead personnel. Substantial benefits are anticipated. For instance, some investigators claim that 60 pct of the manual effort in the design stage can be eliminated by using computers. Productivity based on total labor effort should, eventually, improve by more than a third. The cost benefits will be less because generating useful software programs, for computers, is expensive.


Material Handling Work Plan Discrete Part Apply Metalworking Preform Design 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    H. Opitz, W. Budde, and W.H. Engelskirchen: Paper MS 72-915, Soc. Manuf. Eng., 1972, 26 pp.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    H. Opitz and W.H. Engelskirchen:CIRP Int. Conf. on Application of Computers to Manufacturing, Geneva, Sept. 11–13, 1969, vol. 1, pp. 69–79.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    A.W.J. Chisholm:CIRP Ann., 1973, vol. 22/2, pp. 243–7.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    S. Pugh:Symp. on Inf. Systems for Designers, University of Southhampton (date unknown, probably 1974 or 1975).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    VDI Richtlinien, June 1969, 2225, Section 2.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    I.T. Belyakov:Mach. Tool. (Stanki Instrum.), 1972, vol. 43, no. 7, pp. 31–34.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    P. Bezier:Proc. 9th Ann. Mtg. and Tech. Conf. NC Soc, 1972, pp. 169–85.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    P. Bezier:Numerical Control, Appendices 1 and 2, pp 222–36, John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1972.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    N. Okino, Y. Kakazu, and H. Kubo:Proc. IFIP/IFAC Prolamat Conf., Budapest, 1973.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    A.R. Forrest:Proc. R. Soc, (A), 1971, vol. 321, pp. 187–95.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    G. Spur, J. Gausemeier, and G. Muller: Unpublished article, Technical University of Berlin, 1976.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    J. Kurth:Wirtschaftliche Fertigung, 1973, vol. 68, no. 2, pp. 61–67, no. 3, pp. 127–32.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    N. Akgerman and T. Altan:Mach. Des., July 27, 1972.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    S.K. Biswas, W.A. Knight:Int. J. Prod. Res., 1976, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 23–49.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    D. Zimmerman:ZAFO-Eine Allgemeine Formanderung fur Werkstucke, Verlag Gunter Grossman Gmbh, Stuttgart, 1967.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    V. Ruzicka:VUOSO-TZ, 50, 1969 (in Czech).Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    J.L. Remmerswaal and B.A. Schilpoort: Technical Report, Metaalinstitut TNO, Delft, 1971.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    H. Opitz:A Classification System to Describe Workpieces, Pergamon Press, London, 1970.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    W.A. Knight:Metall. Met. Form., 1971, vol. 38, no. 9, p. 245.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    W.A. Knight:Int. J. Prod. Res., 1974, vol. 12, no. 3, p. 209.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    B. Fogg, G.A. Jamieson, and A.W.J. Chisholm:CIRP Ann., 1971, vol. 19, pp. 141–151.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    B. Fogg, G.A. Jamieson, and A.W.J. Chisholm:Ibid., 1972, vol. 21/1, p. 139.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    A. Houtzeel:CAM-1 Executive Seminar on Coding, Classification and Group Technology for Automated Planning, St. Louis, Jan. 20, 1976.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    C. Kjaergaard-Nissen:CIRP Int. Conf. on Application of Computers to Manufacturing, Geneva, Sept. 11–13, 1969, vol. 1, pp. 47–53.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    S.N. Mawji, J. Ellis, and A.W.J. Chisholm: Technical Report, University of Salford, Department Mechanical Engineering, July, 1973.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    R. Larsen:Am. Met. Mark, of Metalworking News, May 12, 1975.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    F.-L. Krause and V. Vassilakopoulos (Univ. Berlin):CAD Conf., Austin, Texas, Feb., 1976.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    R. Van Hasselt and W.J. Oudolf:CIRP Ann., 1973, vol. 22/1, pp. 159–60.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    B. Fogg and G.A. Jamieson:Ibid., 1975, vol. 24/1, pp. 429–34.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    D.W. Davy:Proc. R. Soc, (A), 1971, vol. 321, pp. 157–61.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    S.K. Biswas and W.A. Knight:Int. J. Mach. Tool Des. Res., 1975, vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 179–93.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    S.K. Biswas and W.A. Knight:Proc. 17th Mach. Tools Des. Res. Conf., 1976, vol. 1, pp. 27–36.Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    H. Lidner:Werkstattstechnik, 1963, vol. 53, p. 713.Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    O. Voightlander:Ind. Anzeiger, 1969, vol. 91, pp. 908–13.Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    T.D. Law and J.R. Guest:Metall. and Met. Form., 1973, vol. 40, no. 7, pp. 195–98; no. 8, pp. 254–59.Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    P. Noack:Technical Paper MF 73-141, Soc. Manuf. Eng., 6 pp., 1973.Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    R Bernhardt:Leitschrift fur Wirtschaftliche Fertigung, May, 1976, vol. 71, pp. 183–89.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© American Society for Metals 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • Francis W. Boulger
    • 1
  1. 1.Battelle, Columbus LaboratoriesColumbus

Personalised recommendations