A new design of LHM (left-handed material) is suggested, in which the wave vectork and the energy flowS (the Poynting vector) are in the opposite direction. Metallic cores or lines are coated with ferromagnetic layers to obtain negative permittivity and permeability. This design may bring some improvements over the binary design, such as higher homogeneity, smaller volume size, lower power loss, higher convenience and economy. The analytical expressions for the permittivity ε and permeability μ are shown to be negative in certain direction and frequency regions. Two specific structures are theoretically discussed and proved to be left-handed.
left-handed materials negative refraction NIM LHM artificial crystal
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