The study on BCR/ABL fusion gene in adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia
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In order to assess the significance of BCR/ABC fusion gene in adult acute lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL), 28 patients who were diagnosed as ALL were enrolled to detect BCR/ABC gene using nested-RT-PCR. The results showed that 9 cases (31.25%) were BCR/ABL positive, and expressed P210 subtype. Among them 7 cases were B-ALL, and one was T-ALL. The diagnosis was proved by monoclonal antibodies recognition by indirect immunofluorescence. Adult patients with BCR/ABL positive ALL were significantly older (p<0.01) and had higher WBC count (p<0.01) as compared with BCR/ABL-negative patients. There was no significant difference in sex, hemoglobin and splenomegaly between two group (p>0.05). The induction failure rate was high in BCR/ABL positive patients and those who achieved complete remission usually relapsed earlier. In conclusion, adult ALL patients with BCR/ABL-positive have poorer prognosis.
Key wordsBCR/ABL gene acute lymphoblastic leukemia nested-RT-PCR
CLC numberR 733.71
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