KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering

, Volume 9, Issue 3, pp 261–270 | Cite as

High accuracy of GPS/pseudolite/INS integration: Carrier phase measurement processing issues

  • Hung-Kyu Lee
  • Woon-Young Park
Surveying and Geo-Spatial Information Engineering


This paper addresses solutions to the challenges of carrier phase integer ambiguity resolution and cycle slip detection/ identification, for maintaining high accuracy of an integrated GPS/Pseudolite/INS system. Such a hybrid positioning and navigat ion system is an augmentation of standard GPS/INS systems in localized areas. To achieve the goal of high accuracy, the carrier phase measurements with correctly estimated integer ambiguities must be utilized to update the system integration filter's states. The occurrence of a cycle slip that is undetected is, however, can significantly degrade the filter's performance. This contribution presents an effective approach to increase the reliability and speed of integer ambiguity resolution through using pseudolite and INS measurements, with special emphasis on reducing the ambiguity search space. In addition, an algorithm which can effectively detect and correct the cycle slips is described as well. The algorithm utilizes additional position information provided by the INS, and applies a statistical technique known as the cumulative-sum (CUSUM) test that is very sensitive to abrupt changes of mean values. Results of simulation studies and field tests indicate that the algorithms are performed pretty well, so that the accuracy and performance of the integrated system can be maintained, even if cycle slips exist in the raw GPS measurements.


ambiguity resolution carrier phase cycle slip GPS/Pseudolite/INS integration 


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© KSCE and Springer jointly 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Civil EngineeringChangwon National UniversityKorea
  2. 2.School of Ocean and Civil EngineeringDong-A UniversityKorea

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