The Indian Journal of Pediatrics

, Volume 49, Issue 1, pp 105–118 | Cite as

Neurological status of the newborn in relation to prenatal and perinatal factors

  • T. V. Deshpande
  • P. G. R. Harding
Original Articles


Assessment of 180 high risk newborns revealed significant impairment of the neurological status compared to the control group; the degree of impairment was related to the number and severity of the adverse factors. In addition to the perinatal factors, prenatal factors were also related to the low neurological score. In the high risk group, the chief neurologic pathology evidenced as poor muscle tone in the term infants and poor vigilance in the preterm infants. The neurological score showed better correlation to the arterial pH and base status as compared to the oxygen content. The adverse effect of hypoxia was more persistent in the term infants than in the preterm infants. The bilirubin level of 8 to 15 mg/dl did not significantly influence the neurological status of the newborns. Some high risk infants with normal Apgar score had significantly low neurological score even on the fourth day after birth, compared to the control group.

Key words

High risk neurological status Perinatal Pestinatal factors 


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Copyright information

© Dr. K C Chaudhuri Foundation 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. V. Deshpande
    • 1
    • 2
  • P. G. R. Harding
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Pediatricsthe University of Western OntarioLondonCanada
  2. 2.Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecologythe University of Western OntarioLondonCanada

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