We have shown that tellurite and tellurate require the interaction with reduced glutathione (GSH) to hemolyze human erythrocytes. The study of the nature of this interaction is the main object of this paper. The degree of hemolysis was determined by the method of Angelone. The addition of extracellular 1 mM GSH or cysteine increased the rate of hemolysis. Concanavalin A (0.3 mg/mL) and/or 4 mg/mL adenosine did not affect the hemolysis by 0.1 mM tellurite. One tenth to 1 mM 4-acetamido-4′-isothiocyanostilbene-2,2′-disulfonate (SITS) inhibited this hemolysis by 60–100%. Millimolar GSH released this inhibition. Incubation of 0.1 mM tellurite with 1 mM GSH for 90 min at 37°C, produced a hemolytic agent when prepared and tested under nitrogen, but one that was not active when prepared in air. The hemolysis byp-hydroxymercuribenzoate orp-hydroxymercuriphenylsulfonate did not involve GSH. Scanning electron micrographs showed a sphero-echinocyte transformation, in the pre-hemolytic stage, with all the agents tested. The rate of penetration of tellurite plays a role in determining the rate of hemolysis, as shown by the effect of SITS. The release by GSH of the inhibition by SITS poses questions concerning the site of action and cell membrane penetration of the hemolytic agent. Telluride or some intermediate in the interaction of GSH with tellurite is the actual hemolytic agent.
Hemolysis, interaction of Te compounds with glutathione in tellurium compounds, and glutathione in hemolysis glutathione, and Te compounds in hemolysis mercury, compared to Te compounds in hemolysis