Advertisement

The Indian Journal of Pediatrics

, Volume 73, Issue 2, pp 143–145 | Cite as

Sarcoidosis: Childvs adult

  • Halil Yanardaĝ
  • Ömer Nuri Pamuk
  • Sedat Uygun
  • Sabriye Demirci
  • Tuncer Karayel
Original Article

Abstract

Objective: To compare the features of sarcoidosis in children to those of adults. In spite of the fact that sarcoidosis is a disease frequently seen in adults of 30–40 years, pediatric cases have rarely been reported.Methods: The authors evaluated 17 (3.3%, 12 females, 5 males) of the 516 patients of sarcoidosis, aged 16 yr and diagnosed within a 36-year period.Results: When the features of sarcoidosis subjects diagnosed during the childhood period were compared to those of subjects >16 years of age, it was seen that patients with advanced stage of the disease were more in the first group (41.2%vs 18%, p=0.02). In addition, children had more frequent extrapulmonary (64.7%vs 40.3%) and lacrimal gland involvement (p values, respectively, 0.044 and 0.003).Conclusion: When clinical data are relevant, sarcoidosis should be borne in mind. A child with sarcoidosis has more frequent pulmonary parenchymal and extrapulmonary involvement than in adults.

Key words

Sarcoidosis Child sarcoidosis Extrapulmoner sarcoidosis Adult sarcoidosis 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Loddenkemper R, Kloppenborg A, Schoenfeld N, Grosser H, Costabel U (WATL Study Group). Clinical findings in 715 patients with newly detected pulmonary sarcoidosis-results of a cooperative study in former West Germany and Switzerland.Sarcoidosis Vasc Diffuse Lund Dis 1998; 15: 178–182.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Merten DF, Kirks DR, Grossman H. Pulmonary sarcoidosis in childhood.AJR 1980; 135: 673–679.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Siltzbach LE, Greenberg M. Childhood sarcoidosis-a study of 18 patients.N Engl J Med 1968; 279: 1239–1245.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Jasper PL, Denny FW. Sarcoidosis in children.J Pediatr 1968; 73: 505–512.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    De Remee RA. The roentgenographic staging of sarcoidosis. Historic and contemporary perspectives.Chest 1983; 1: 128–133.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Shetty AK, Gedalia A. Sarcoidosis: a pediatric perspective.Clin Pediatr (Phila) 1998; 37: 707–717.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Milman N, Hoffmann AL, Byg KE. Sarcoidosis in children. Epidemiology in Danes, clinical features, diagnosis, treatment and prognosis.Acta Paediatr 1998; 87: 871–878.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    McGovern JP, Merritt DM. Sarcoidosis in childhood.Adv Pediatr 1956; 8: 97–135.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Hetherington S. Sarcoidosis in young children.Am J Dis Child 1982; 136: 13–15.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Pattishall EN, Strope GL, Spinola SM, Denny FW. Childhood sarcoidosis.J Pediatr 1986; 108: 169–177.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Kirks DR, McCormick VD, Greenspan RH. Pulmonary sarcoidosis: roentgenologic analysis of 150 patients.AJR 1973; 177: 777–786.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Dr. K C Chaudhuri Foundation 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Halil Yanardaĝ
    • 1
  • Ömer Nuri Pamuk
    • 2
  • Sedat Uygun
    • 1
  • Sabriye Demirci
    • 1
  • Tuncer Karayel
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Lung Diseases, Cerrahpasa Medical FacultyUniversity of IstanbulIstanbulTurkey
  2. 2.Department of Rheumatology, Trakya Medical FacultyUniversity of TrakyaEdirneTurkey

Personalised recommendations