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Folia Microbiologica

, Volume 45, Issue 2, pp 147–152 | Cite as

Findings of mycobacteria in insectivores and small rodents

  • O. Fischer
  • L. Mátlová
  • J. Bartl
  • L. Dvorská
  • I. Melichárek
  • I. Pavlík
Papers

Abstract

The organs of 30 insectivorous mammals and 62 rodents from areas inhabited by people or livestock where cattle paratuberculosis or mycobacterial infections of swine had been found to occur were examined by cultivation during the monitoring of occurrence and spread of mycobacterioses in cattle and swine. Mycobacteria were found in the organs of 3 insectivores (10%) and 6 rodents (9.7%).Mycobacterium chelonae was isolated from the organs of the lesser white-toothed shrew (Crocidura suaveolens) and the common vole (Microtus arvalis), andM. vaccae andM. avium subsp.avium (IS901 +, serotype 1) from the organs of the common shrew (Sorex araneus). M. avium subsp.avium (IS901 +, serotype 1) was also isolated from the organs of the yellow-necked mouse (Apodemus flavicollis). Slow-growing mycobacteria of group III (according to Runyon) were isolated from the organs of the mouse (Mus musculus sensu lato) and the yellow-necked mouse (A. flavicollis). These findings had no connection with the epizootological situation in the nearby livestock.M. fortuitum was isolated from the organs of the common vole (M. arvalis) caught in a field within easy reach of a swine breeding heard.M. fortuitum was also identified in the lymph nodes and droppings of this swine herd, as well as in the straw, scrapings from the floor of stalls, troughs and banisters, as well as from larvae and imagoes of dipterous insects. These results demonstrate the possibility that insectivores and small rodents can spread the causative agents of mycobacteria in wild and domestic animals.

Keywords

Bank Vole Wood Mouse Small Rodent Common Shrew Common Vole 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Institute of Microbiology, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • O. Fischer
    • 1
  • L. Mátlová
    • 1
  • J. Bartl
    • 1
  • L. Dvorská
    • 1
  • I. Melichárek
    • 2
  • I. Pavlík
    • 1
  1. 1.Veterinary Research InstituteBrnoCzechia
  2. 2.State Veterinary InstituteNitraSlovakia

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