Fifteen neonates were diagnosed to have malaria from July 1973 through October 1975. The mothers of these infants were young (mean age 25 years). Malarial parasites were demonstrated in the blood in ten of 15 mothers during pregnancy or puerperium. The age of onset of symptoms in the neonates varied from 6 to 24 days (mean 19 days). Clinical features charcteristic of malaria in early infancy were apathy and failure to suck, particularly marked during periods of high fever and later attended with progressive pallor and splenomegaly. One infant died and the rest 14 were cured wilh chloroquine.
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