Lithium prevents ouabain-induced behavioral changes
Both mania and bipolar depression have been associated with decrements in the activity of the sodium and potassium-activated adenosine triphosphatase (Na,K-ATPase) membrane pump. Although the role of this observation in the pathophysiology of bipolar illness is unclear, it has been proposed that this defect could be central to the pathogenesis of the illness. In an effort to test this hypothesis, the authors examined the efficacy of lithium pretreatment in attenuating behavioral changes secondary to acute administration of a single intracerbroventricular (icv) dose of the Na,K-ATPase-inhibiting compound, ouabain, in the Sprague-Dawley rat. Ouabain (10−3 M) significantly decreased motor activity in automated activity monitors. Lithium pretreatment for 7 d totally prevented this effect. These preliminary data suggest that icv ouabain administration in the rat may prove to be a viable animal model for bipolar illness.
Index EntriesBipolar disorder cardiac glycosides lithium Na,K-ATPase manic-depressive disorder ouabain sodium pump
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