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Effects of valproate on amino acid and monoamine concentrations in striatum of audiogenic seizure-prone balb/c mice

  • Jerry P. Vriend
  • Nancy A. M. Alexiuk
Original Articles

Abstract

The effects of aalproate on CNS concentrations of γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA), glutamate (GLU), glutamine (GLN), dopamine (DA), serotonin (5-HT), and metabolites were examined in tissue extracts of caudate nucleus of genetic substrains of Balb/c mice susceptible (EP) or resistant (ER) to audiogenic seizures. Generalized tonic-clonic seizures observed in EP mice were inhibited by valproate, administered 1 h prior to testing, in a dose-response fashion. Concentrations of GABA, GLU, and GLN, which were lower in EP mice than in ER mice, were significantly increased by valproate at doses of 180 and 360 mg/kg. Concentrations of homovanillic acid (HVA) and hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA), metabolites of DA and 5-HT were substantially increased by valproate at these doses. Thein situ activity of tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) was not significantly influenced by valproate, whereas a valproate-induced increase in tryptophan hydroxylase (TPH) activity was observed in both striatum and in midbrain tegmentum. The data are consistent with the interpretation that anticonvulsive doses of valproate influences the intraneuronal metabolism of monoamines, GABA, and glutamate concurrently. Valproate’s influence on the metabolism of both major inhibitory (GABA) and excitatory (GLU) amino acids in striatum could contribute to its anticonvulsive effects in genetically seizure-prone mice, as well as to the accumulation of DA and 5-HT metabolites.

Index Entries

Valproate GABA glutamate dopamine serotonin seizures striatum caudate nucleus 

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Copyright information

© Humana Press Inc 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jerry P. Vriend
    • 1
  • Nancy A. M. Alexiuk
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of AnatomyUniversity of ManitobaWinnipegCanada

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