Relationship ofAzotobacter chrooccum siderophores with nitrogen fixation
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In iron-limited medium, a siderophore producing soil isolate ofAzotobacter chroococcum showed a high level of hydroxamate with relatively low level of nitrogen fixation. Inclusion of iron in the medium resulted in increased nitrogen fixation with decreased hydroxamate production. Under shake culture conditions, the level of both hydroxamate and catechol type of siderophores decreased after 2 d of incubation in iron-deficient medium. However, under iron-sufficient conditions, both siderophore production and nitrogen fixation increased with time although the level of siderophore was quite low. A number of soil isolates and mutants ofA. chrococcum were tested for nitrogen fixation, hydroxamate and catechol type of siderophore production. Wide variation was observed in the siderophore level and nitrogen fixation in the cultures tested. Nitrogen fixation was higher in the iron-sufficient medium than in iron-limited one while hydroxamate yield was higher in iron-limited medium than in the iron-sufficient one in all the cultures. Inclusion of ammonium acetate in the medium induced catechol synthesis in more than 60% of the cultures.
KeywordsNitrogen Fixation Catechol Siderophore Production NH4OAc Soil Isolate
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