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Folia Geobotanica

, Volume 35, Issue 1, pp 43–58 | Cite as

Late holocene history and vegetation dynamics of a floodplain alder carr: A case study from eastern Bohemia, Czech Republic

  • Petr Pokorný
  • Jitka Klimešová
  • Leoš Klimeš
Article

Abstract

Vegetation development in the lowland floodplain alder carr “Na bahně” (eastern Bohemia, the Czech Republic) has been studied by means of pollen and macrofossil analyses and combined with vegetation analysis performed over the last 70 years. Local successional changes started with an oxbow lake (160 cal BC) which has later terrestrialised (630 cal AD). Then it changed from a typical alluvial fen into aSphagnum-dominated spring mire (950 cal AD) supplied by water arising from a river terrace surrounding the locality from three sites. In the centre of this wetland a small patch of alder carr developed (100 cal. AD), showing some tendency towards cyclic succession. The alder carr alternated several times with an openCarex fen (1100 cal AD to recent). The last fen-to-alder carr transition has been documented by direct observation during this century. Possible autogenic and allogenic factors driving the succession are discussed. The model of autogenic cyclic succession corresponds well with direct field observations and can be used to interpret alder carr structure, its dynamics, and function.

Keywords

Alnus glutinosa Cyclic succession Floodplain mires Palaeoecology Pollen analysis Vegetation ecology 

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Copyright information

© Institute of Botany, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Petr Pokorný
    • 1
    • 2
  • Jitka Klimešová
    • 1
  • Leoš Klimeš
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of BotanyAcademy of Sciences of the Czech RepublicTřeboňCzech Republic
  2. 2.Faculty of Biological SciencesUniversity of South BohemiaČeské BudějoviceCzech Republic

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