A study of social aspects of child health in the slum communities of Pondicherry
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A study was conducted to find out the influence of socio-economic, housing and environmental factors on the morbidity of children in 3 slum communities, viz., Debraipet, Keerapalayam and Vanarapet, near Pondicherry.
399 households were studied. The total population was 2188 with an average family size of 5.8. Pre-school children constituted 25.3%. The average income per family per month was 97.30 rupees which is much lower than the national figure. The majority of the families were self-employed either professionally or otherwise and their livelihood depended on the availability of the work.
Faulty feeding of children was seen in 80% of the families. Bad housing, unsatisfactory environmental sanitation, poverty, illiteracy and ignorance of the parents made the children fall prey to diseases like respiratory infections, gastro-intestinal disorders, skin diseases, worm infestations and malnutrition.
Home visits by the social workers and the public health nurse to educate and demonstrate both young and old womenfolk, the right type of diet to be given to children at the right time and to inculcate in them a sense of personal hygiene is very much needed.
KeywordsScabies Public Health Nurse Environmental Sanitation Average Family Size Pepper Powder
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