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Korean Journal of Chemical Engineering

, Volume 17, Issue 1, pp 58–66 | Cite as

Corrosion resistance of stainless steels in chloride containing supercritical water oxidation system

  • Young Sik Kim
  • D. Bryce Mitton
  • Ronald M. Latanision
Article

Abstract

As the science and process applications of supercritical water (SCW) and supercritical water oxidation (SCWO) become more thoroughly understood, it is logical to envision the use of the SCWO process by diverse industries and public wastewater and sludge generators. This technology can be adapted to accomplish either pre or end-of-pipe wastewater treatment. There is a need to destroy both military and civilian hazardous waste, and urgency, mandated by public concern over traditional waste handling methodologies, to identify safe and efficient alternative technologies. By capitalizing on the properties of water above its critical point, 374 °C and 22.4 MPa for pure water, this technology provides rapid and complete oxidation with high destruction efficiencies at typical operating temperatures. Nevertheless, corrosion of the materials of fabrication is a serious concern. While iron-based alloys and nickel-based alloys are generally considered important for service applications, results from laboratory and pilot-scale SCWO systems presently in operation indicate that they will not withstand some aggressive feeds. Significant weight loss and localized effects, including stress corrosion cracking (SCC) and dealloying, are seen in chlorinated environments. This work assesses the corrosion characteristics of iron-based stainless steels exposed to high supercritical temperatures in a chlorinated military waste containing salts.

Key words

Supercritical Water Oxidation Military Waste High Temperature Corrosion Austenitic Stainless Steel Duplex Stainless Steel EIS Anodic Polarization Test 

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Copyright information

© Korean Institute of Chemical Engineering 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Young Sik Kim
    • 1
  • D. Bryce Mitton
    • 2
  • Ronald M. Latanision
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Materials Science and EngineeringAndong National UniversityAndongKorea
  2. 2.The H. H. Uhlig Corrosion Laboratory, MITCambridgeUSA

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