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Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology

, Volume 37, Issue 1, pp 33–41 | Cite as

Amazonian lignocellulosic materials-i fungal screening from decayed laurel and cedar trees

  • Sonia m. Da Silva Carvalho
  • Maria Francisca S. Teixeira
  • Andre Ferraz
  • Angela Machuca
  • Elisa Esposito
  • Nelson Durán
Article

Abstract

Fungi were screened for important industrial enzymes produced from industrial chips and sawdust of laurel (Louro inamui, Ocotea cymbarum) and cedar (Cedro, Cedrella odorata). Seven hyphomycetes and one zygomycete were isolated and characterized. Two different media for testing the enzymatic activities were used. In general, in potato dextrose (1%) medium (M-3) a preponderancy of ligninolytic over cellulolytic enzymes was observed. In potato infusion-sawdust wood (1%) medium (M-4) the cellulolytic, xylanolytic, and lipolytic enzymes were efficiently induced. Significant modulation of enzyme production by the carbon source was found in the extracted fungi from self-heated industrial chips piles of cedar and laurel trees at the Amazonian region.

Index Entries

Amazonian wood thermophilic cedar and laureltrees ligninases cellulases xylanases lipase lactase amylase 

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Copyright information

© The Humana Press Inc 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sonia m. Da Silva Carvalho
    • 1
  • Maria Francisca S. Teixeira
    • 1
  • Andre Ferraz
    • 2
  • Angela Machuca
    • 3
  • Elisa Esposito
    • 3
  • Nelson Durán
    • 3
  1. 1.Instituto de Ciencias Biologicas, Department of PathologyUniversidade de AmazoniasManausBrazil
  2. 2.Biotechnology Center, FTILorenaBrazil
  3. 3.Instituto de Quimica, Biological Chemistry LaboratoryUniversidade Estadual de CampinasCampinasBrazil

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