The effect of intermittent injections of CCK-8S and the CCK-A receptor antagonist devazepide on cell proliferation in exocrine rat pancreas
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Intermittent injections of sulfated cholecystokinin-8 (CCK-8S) or devazepide caused longlasting effects on cell proliferation in exocrine pancreas in contrast to continuous infusion. The acinar cells responded to both treatments with changes in the labeling index (LI) during the whole study period. When studying the influence of stimulation and inhibition of the CCK-A receptor on cell proliferation in the exocrine pancreas, not only are the drugs and doses of importance but also the mode of administration.
Continuous infusion of CCK-8S or the CCK-A receptor antagonist devazepide induces transient changes in acinar cell proliferation in rat pancreas. The aim of the present experiments was to study whether intermittent administration of CCK-8S or devazepide prevents receptor desensitization and thereby affects exocrine pancreatic cell proliferation persistently.
Male Sprague-Dawley rats were injected subcutaneously twice daily with CCK-8S (6 μg), devazepide (240 μg) or bovine serum albumin (BSA). The rats were sacrificed after 18 and 36 h and 3 and 7 d. One hour before sacrifice, the rats were injected intraperitoneally with 1 mCi/kg of tritiated thymidine. The pancreatic weight and the contents of water, protein, and DNA were determined. The LI (number of labeled cells/100 cells) of exocrine pancreatic cells was determined microscopically after autoradiography.
The concentration of plasma CCK was slightly increased by devazepide, but the increase was more pronounced by CCK-8S. The pancreatic wet weight was transiently increased 18 h after the start of CCK-8S injections (+14%), whereas devazepide caused a reduction after 7 d (−22%). The protein content was uninfluenced and the DNA content was decreased at 36 h with either treatment. CCK-8S increased the LI in acinar and centroacinar cells throughout the study period, but the ductal cell LI was increased only after 18 and 36 h. Injection of devazepide was followed by decreased LI of acinar cells throughout the study period. Also, the centroacinar and ductal cell LI decreased initially but returned to control values after 7 d.
Key WordsCell proliferation cholecystokinin intermittent injections pancreas
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