Effects of high-lipase pancreatin on fecal fat, neutral sterol, bile acid, and short-chain fatty acid excretion in patients with pancreatic insufficiency resulting from chronic pancreatitis
Steatorrhea was almost completely stopped and malabsorption of neutral sterols and shortchain fatty acids was reduced by treatment of high-lipase pancreatin in Japanese patients with pancreatic insufficiency whose dietary fat consumption is low.
Fifteen patients with chronic pancreatitis complicated by steatorrhea who consumed an average of 48 g of dietary fats a day were selected as subjects and given 3 g of high-lipase pancreatin (lipase, 379,800 USP U/g), at each meal (total daily dose is 9 g) for a mean duration of 28.5 d. Fecal output and fecal fat neutral sterol, bile acid, and short-chain fatty acid excretion were determined before and after the course of pancreatin therapy.
Pancreatin administration resulted in significant reductions (P<0.01) in fecal output (from 243.2 to 149.1 g), excretion of fecal fat, (from 12.3 to 3.9 g), animal sterols (from 816.3 to 604.6 mg), and shortchain fatty acids (from 52.6 to 18.5 mM). In contrast, no marked changes were recorded in fecal excretion of β-sitosterol (a plant sterol), bile acids, or the hydroxy fatty acid fraction. Fecal fat and short-chain fatty-acid excretion showed strong correlations with fecal output.
Key WordsFecal fat neutral sterols bile acids short-chain fatty acids pancreatic insufficiency high-lipase pancreatin
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