Covalently immobilized choline oxidase and cholinesterases on a methacrylate copolymer for disposable membrane biosensors
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Bienzymatic sensors for the determination of esters of choline were prepared by covalent co-immobilization of cholinesterases and choline oxidase on polymer membranes, obtained by radiation-induced copolymerization of 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate and glycidyl methacrylate at low temperature. Optimization of the covalent attachment of choline oxidase and acetyl-or butyrylcholinesterase to copolymer was explored. The enzyme-modified polymers were applied on platinum electrodes to form amperometric sensors, based on the electrochemical detection of enzymatically developed hydrogen peroxide. Acetyl-, acetylthiobutyryl-, and butyrylthiocholine contents in standard solutions were measured, and linear calibration curves were determined. Temperature and pH effects on the electrochemical response are described.
Index entriesBiosensors acetylcholinesterase butyrylcholinesterase choline oxidase covalent immobilization radiation induced polymerization
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