Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology

, Volume 68, Issue 1–2, pp 57–68 | Cite as

Diffusion and transfer of antibody proteins from a sugar-based hydrogel

  • Michael A. Markowitz
  • David C. Turner
  • Brett D. Martin
  • Bruce P. Gaber
Original Articles


Diffusion of antibody protein from hydrogel films and hydrogel encapsulated in a microcapillary was studied. Thin hydrogel films were formed by crosslinking 6-acryloyl-B-O-methylgalactoside withN,N’-methylene-bis-acrylamide and the diffusive transport of monoclonal antimouse IgG-FITC into and out of the hydrated films was measured. Diffusion coefficients in 2 and 4% crosslinked hydrogel films were measured. The measured diffusion constants determined for IgG in both the 2 and 4% hydrogel films were comparable to the free diffusion of IgG in bulk water (D mean ∼ 10-7cm2/s). In addition, 2% crosslinked hydrogels were prepared in a capillary tube and the transport of antimouse IgG-FITC into and out of the hydrated hydrogel was measured. Kinetic analysis indicated that the protein transport through the capillary hydrogel was faster than would be expected for a simple diffusion process. Finally, by utilizing the diffusion of antibody from the capillary hydrogel, transfer of antibody to a silica surface was demonstrated. A capillary hydrogel loaded with antimouse IgG-FITC was used to transfer the protein to a silica surface forming a 30-μm spot of antibody, which was imaged using fluorescence microscopy. These results may lead to the development of a nonlithographic method of patterning antibodies on surfaces for use in integrated microimmunosensors.

Index Entries

Hydrogel multianalyte sensor immunosensor device miniaturization diffusion transfer capillary antibody 


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Copyright information

© Humana Press Inc 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael A. Markowitz
    • 1
  • David C. Turner
    • 1
  • Brett D. Martin
    • 1
  • Bruce P. Gaber
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory for Molecular Interfacial Interactions, Code 6930Naval Research LaboratoryWashington, D. C.

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