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Biological Trace Element Research

, Volume 57, Issue 3, pp 207–221 | Cite as

Studies on some trace and minor elements in blood

A survey of the Kalpakkam (India) population Part II: Reference values for plasma and red cells, and correlation with coronary risk index
  • T. R. Mahalingam
  • S. Vijayalashmi
  • R. Krishna Prabhu
  • A. Thiruvengadasami
  • K. S. R. Murthy
  • Deepak Sen
  • C. K. Mathews
  • K. Radha Shanmugasundaram
Original Articles

Abstract

Since data on the trace element levels in Indian population are lacking, we chose to conduct a survey of the Kalpakkam township population. People in the age group 40–55 were included in this study. Reference values for trace and minor elements of the blood of the Kalpakkam population were arrived at by carrying out the analysis of plasma and red cells of healthy subjects of the Kalpakkam population. Although the “reference values” for many elements were found to be normal and comparable to values available in the literature, slight deficiency with respect to Se was noticed. Subjects with high coronary risk index were also included in the study to assess the possible correlation of elemental and lipid profile. A study of box plots showed that the elements Se, Mg, Na, K, and Fe show significant differences between “high risk” coronary risk index (CRI>5) and “no risk” (CRI<4.5). In the plasma, the levels of Mg, Na, and K were found to be less in the high-risk group. In red cells, the amount of Se, Fe, and K were found to be significantly less in the “high-risk” group as compared to the “no-risk” group.

Index Entries

Trace and minor elements blood reference values—plasma and red cells variation with coronary risk index Kalpakkam (India) population 

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Copyright information

© Humana Press Inc 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. R. Mahalingam
    • 1
  • S. Vijayalashmi
    • 1
  • R. Krishna Prabhu
    • 1
  • A. Thiruvengadasami
    • 1
  • K. S. R. Murthy
    • 2
  • Deepak Sen
    • 2
  • C. K. Mathews
    • 1
  • K. Radha Shanmugasundaram
    • 3
  1. 1.Chemical GroupIndira Gandhi Centre for Atomic ResearchKalpakkamIndia
  2. 2.DAE HospitalKalpakkam
  3. 3.Department of BiochemistryPost Graduate Institute of Basic Medical SciencesMadrasIndia

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