Selenium status inCharadriiformes

Tissue distribution and seasonal, geographical, and species variation
  • A. A. Goede


The distribution of selenium in a marine wader, the Oystercatcher (Haematopus ostralegus) is given by the levels in 15 tissues and plasma. Red blood cells (RBC) contain the highest level (23 mg/kg dry wt) followed by liver, lung, and kidney (17–19 mg/kg). Most other tissues range from 3–10 mg/kg. The average kidney and liver concentrations of the Oystercatcher belong to the concentrations characteristic in birds. However, the Oystercatcher's tissue selenium concentrations are in general four-to fivefold mammalian levels, but in liver and lung, 11- to 13-fold and in the RBC, 12- to 33-fold. The selenium plasma and RBC levels of the Oystercatcher vary during the year from 280 to 410 μg/L and 13 to 30 mg/kg dry wt, respectively; the plasma concentrations are positively correlated with the RBC selenium concentrations. An overview of literature data shows that the selenium kidney and liver concentrations of birds do not vary with geographical latitude and size (length) of the birds. In species of the ordersCharadriiformes andProcellariiformes, high selenium kidney, and to a lesser extent liver, concentrations may occur. A function of selenium in antioxidation is suggested.

Index Entries

Selenium bird oystercatcher Haematopus blood liver kidney lung tissues 


  1. 1.
    J. C. Turner, S. R. B. Solly, J. C. M. Mol-Krijnen, and V. Shanks,NZ. J. Sci. 21, 99 (1978).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    T. W. Custer, and J. P. Myers,Calif. Fish & Game 76, 118 (1990).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    J. H. Koeman, W. S. M. van de Ven, J. J. J. de Goeij, P. S. Tjioe, and J. L. van Haaften,Sci. Total Environ. 3, 279 (1975).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    A. Renzoni, S. Focardi, C. Fossi, C. Leonzio, and J. Mayol,J. Environ. Pollut 40, 17 (1986).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Takahashi, K. and Cohen, H. J.,Blood 68, 640–645 (1986).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    M. J. Parnham, and E. Graf,Biochem. Pharmacol. 36 3095 (1987).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    A. A. Goede,Environ. Pollut. 37, 287 (1985).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    A. A. Goede and M. de Bruin,Mar. Poll. Bull. 16, 115 (1985).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    H. M. Ohlendorf, A. W. Kilness, J. L. Simmons, R. K. Stroud, D. J. Hoffman, and J. F. Moore,J. Toxicol. Environ. Health 24, 67 (1988).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    A. A. Goede, T. Nygard, M. de Bruin, and E. Steinnes,Sci. Total Environ. 78, 205 (1989).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    A. A. Goede,Arch. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. submitted 1.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    A. A. Goede and H. Th. Wolterbeek,Sci. Total Environ. in press.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    R. K. Murton and N. J. Westwood, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1977.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    P. Vohra, C. M. Johnson, L. Z. McFarland, T. D. Siopes, W. O. Wilson, and C. M. Winget,Poultry Sci. 52, 644 (1973).Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    D. Behne, H. Hilmert, S. Scheid, H. Gessner, and W. Elger,Biochem. Biophys. Acta 966, 12 (1988).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    H. I. Calvin, G. W. Cooper, and E. Wallace,Gamete Res. 4, 139 (1981).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    R. Eisler, Fish & Wildlife Service, U.S. Dep. Interior, Report 85 (1.5) (1985).Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    D. R. Clark,Sci. Total Environ. 66, 147 (1987).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    D. R. Clark, P. A. Ogasawara, G. J. Smith, and H. M. Ohlendorf,Arch. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 18, 787 (1989).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    A. A. Goede and H. Th. Wolterbeek,Arch. Environ. Contam. Toxicol., submitted 3.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    A. A. Goede,Environ. Monit. Asses. 18, 203 (1991).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    A. A. Goede, InThe Migration of the Knot, WSG Bull.64 suppl., 26 (1992).Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    R. G. Cutler,Free Radical. Biol. 6, 371 (1984).Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    A. A Goede,Age, submitted 2.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Y. Thomassen and J. Aaseth, inOccurrence and Distribution of Selenium, M. Ihnat, ed., CRC Press, Florida, 1989, p. 169.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    M. Yukawa, M. Suzuki-Yasomoto, K. Amano, and M. Terai,Arch. Environ. Health 35, 36 (1980).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    D. Behne and W. Wolters,J. Nutr. 113, 456 (1983).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    M. Czauderna and M. Rochalska,J. Radioanal. Nucl. Chem. Art. 2, 425 (1989).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    M. Czauderna and M. Rochalska,J. Radional. Nucl. Chem. Art. 134, 383 (1989).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    M. Anke, B. Groppel, U. Krause, L. Angelow, T. Kosla, A. Regius, T. Masaoka, and E. Siegert,Trace Element Anal. Chem. in Med. & Biol. 607 (1988).Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    M. Hutton,Environ. Pollut. 26, 129 (1981).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    D. H. White, K. A. King, and R. M. Prouty,Pestic. Monit. J. 14, 58 (1980).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    K. A. King and E. Cromartie,Colonial Waterbirds 9, 90 (1986).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    C. Leonzio, C. Fossi, and S. Focardi,Sci. Total Environ. 57, 121 (1986).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    J. E. Elliot, A. M. Scheuhammer, F. A. Leighton, and P. A. Pearce,Arch. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 22, 63 (1992).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    L. J. Blus, B. S. Neely, T. G. Lamont, and B. M. Mulhern,Pestic. Monit. J. 11, 40 (1977).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    H. M. Ohlendorf, D. W. Anderson, D. E. Boellstorff, and B. M. Mulhern,Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 35, 183 (1985).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    H. M. Ohlendorf, R. W. Lowe, P. R. Kelly, and T. E. Harvey,J. Wildl. Manage. 50, 64 (1986).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    H. M. Ohlendorf, K. Marois, R. W. Lowe, T. E. Harvey, and P. R. Kelly, inSelenium and Agricultural Environmental Contaminants and Diving Ducks in San Francisco Bay. Drainage. Proc. IV Selenium Symposium, A. Q. Howard, ed. Bay Inst. San Francisco, CA., 1989.Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    C. Leonzio, C. Fossi, and S. Focardi,Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 37, 219 (1986)b.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    H. M. Ohlendorf, R. L. Hothem, T. W. Aldrich, and A. J. Krynitsky,Sci. Total Environ. 66, 169 (1987).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    H. M. Ohlendorf, D. J. Hoffman, M. K. Saiki, and T. W. Aldrich,Sci. Total Environ. 52, 49 (1986).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    C. J. Henny and G. B. Herron,J. Wildl. Manage. 53, 1032 (1989).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    E. J. van der Molen, A. A. Block, and G. J. de Graaf,Ardea 70, 173 (1982).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Humana Press Inc. 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. A. Goede
    • 1
  1. 1.Interfaculty Reactor InstituteDelft University of TechnologyDelftThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations